OBSERVATÓRIO DE LA ECONOMÍA LATINOAMERICANA https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel <p>The journal <strong>Observatorio de La Economía Latinoamericana (OLEL)</strong>, ISSN 1696-8352, was created in 2007 with the aim of promoting multidisciplinary knowledge and encouraging the exchange of experiences between the most varied areas. Until the year 2022, it was edited by EUMED Publisher (Servicios Académicos Intercontinentales S.L).</p> <p>The<strong> Observatorio de La Economía Latinoamericana (OLEL)</strong> is a journal with a <em><strong>high citation impact</strong></em> on Google Scholar. Published articles have already been cited more than <strong><a href="https://scholar.google.com/citations?hl=pt-BR&amp;view_op=list_works&amp;authuser=4&amp;gmla=AJsN-F6YC1BtvzKkLzxrLWnMSlwg2i3ANKS0Q00a5sW0DoS_-q9LYE02oI3jh0Zjg1KWUOye6vOV4Y_uYJMaR_Yd1YMVjOhZcFskHCIEJZc38PGtQqd9znk&amp;user=kyNhw58AAAAJ">9,237 times</a></strong> on this platform, which led the journal to an <strong><a href="https://scholar.google.com/citations?hl=pt-BR&amp;view_op=list_works&amp;authuser=4&amp;gmla=AJsN-F6YC1BtvzKkLzxrLWnMSlwg2i3ANKS0Q00a5sW0DoS_-q9LYE02oI3jh0Zjg1KWUOye6vOV4Y_uYJMaR_Yd1YMVjOhZcFskHCIEJZc38PGtQqd9znk&amp;user=kyNhw58AAAAJ">H Index = 40</a></strong> and <strong><a href="https://scholar.google.com/citations?hl=pt-BR&amp;view_op=list_works&amp;authuser=4&amp;gmla=AJsN-F6YC1BtvzKkLzxrLWnMSlwg2i3ANKS0Q00a5sW0DoS_-q9LYE02oI3jh0Zjg1KWUOye6vOV4Y_uYJMaR_Yd1YMVjOhZcFskHCIEJZc38PGtQqd9znk&amp;user=kyNhw58AAAAJ">i10 Index = 251</a></strong>. It also has an <strong><a href="https://scholar.google.com/citations?hl=en&amp;view_op=search_venues&amp;vq=%22observatorio+de+la+economia+latinoamericana%22&amp;btnG=">H5 Index = 17</a></strong> and a <strong><a href="https://scholar.google.com/citations?hl=en&amp;view_op=search_venues&amp;vq=%22observatorio+de+la+economia+latinoamericana%22&amp;btnG=">Median H5 Index = 35</a></strong>.</p> <p>The journal <strong>Observatorio de La Economía Latinoamericana (OLEL)</strong> is a continuous flow, multidisciplinary journal that publishes articles that bring relevant contributions to all areas of knowledge. It also wants to be a transmission link for research, works, advances and reflections on the subject of training based on emancipatory knowledge, beyond the mythified and imposed competences. All articles published in this journal are indexed in international scientific databases such as: Latindex, IDEAS, EconPapers, Dialnet, Miar, CSIC Indices and Plataforma Sucupira.</p> <p>It is registered at <strong>ISSN</strong>: 1696-8352.</p> <p><strong>Qualis CAPES (Brazil) 2017-2020:</strong></p> <p>PUBLIC AND BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION, ACCOUNTING AND TOURISM - A4<br />BIODIVERSITY - A4<br />BIOTECHNOLOGY - A4<br />FOOD SCIENCE - A4<br />POLITICAL SCIENCE AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS - A4<br />AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES I - A4<br />ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES - A4<br />COMMUNICATION AND INFORMATION - A4<br />LAW - A4<br />ECONOMY - A4<br />EDUCATION - A4<br />PHYSICAL EDUCATION - A4<br />ENGINEERING II - A4<br />ENGINEERING III - A4<br />TEACHING - A4<br />PHARMACY - A4<br />GEOGRAPHY - A4<br />HISTORY - A4<br />INTERDISCIPLINARY - A4<br />VETERINARY MEDICINE - A4<br />URBAN AND REGIONAL PLANNING / DEMOGRAPHY - A4<br />COLLECTIVE HEALTH - A4<br />SOCIAL SERVICE - A4<br />SOCIOLOGY - A4<br />ZOOTECHNIQUE / FISHING RESOURCES - A4</p> OBSERVATÓRIO DE LA ECONOMÍA LATINOAMERICANA en-US OBSERVATÓRIO DE LA ECONOMÍA LATINOAMERICANA 1696-8352 The referential processes in constructing the argumentative orientation of the text: a gender study opinion article https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3059 <p>This article aims to analyze, in the light of Textual Linguistics, the use of referential processes in opinion articles in the journal Veja, column section, and, further, whether such processes, in any way, affect the argumentative orientation of these texts. In this way, we investigate the referential processes and analyze how the speech objects are (re)categorized according to the producer's saying project. We draw on the theoretical conceptions of Monada and Dubois (2015), Cavalcante; Custódio Filho; Brito (2014), Cavalcante (2014), Koch (2015), among other contributions that highlight the importance of understanding referencing as a discursive activity. The study indicates that referents are constructed in and by speech and are introduced and resumed strategically to impart the point of view of the enunciator. Furthermore, the referential processes analyzed reflect the argumentative character of the choices made and show how the senses are negotiated within the argumentative sphere. Thus, referential processes contribute to the argumentative dynamics of the text, and speech objects are introduced, resumed, and (re)categorized depending on the communicative purposes of the enunciator.</p> Eianny Cecília de Abrantes Pontes e Almeida Lidiane de Morais Diógenes Bezerra Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-05 2024-02-05 22 2 e3059 e3059 10.55905/oelv22n2-001 Geographical indications in brazilian regions: a strategy for protection and local development https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3073 <p>Geographical Indication (GI) refers to a certification granted for products or services that present unique characteristics or that originate from territories that are renowned as centers of extraction or production, favoring local development and the appreciation of traditions, customs and knowledge. This research aimed to identify in Brazilian territory the regions that invest most in the search for GI as a strategy for protection and local development. Therefore, searches were carried out on the website of the National Institute of Industrial Property (INPI) to identify GIs recognized in Brazil in the modalities of Indication of Origin (IP) and Denomination of Origin (DO). Subsequently, two scripts were prepared for data collection, considering the GI modality (IP or DO), type of certified product or service, year of concession, region (North, Northeast, South, Southeast, and Central-West), and state. The main results found indicate that there are several areas demarcated by GI in Brazil, especially in the IP modality.&nbsp; In addition, the use of GI as a protection and local development strategy is more significant in the Southeast and South regions, when compared to other regions. Therefore, it is necessary to form collaboration networks between the different social actors to act in the dissemination of knowledge and in the structuring of new GI requests and the demarcation of new areas.</p> Celiane Rodrigues da Silva Tatília de Castro Ribeiro Priscila Pereira de Sousa Taylane Ribeiro de Sousa Ronaldo Siqueira da Mata Marcelo Paes Landim de Oliveira Helena Roldão Amorim Vieira Liária Nunes-Silva Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-05 2024-02-05 22 2 e3073 e3073 10.55905/oelv22n2-002 IRPJ tax planning using the worker's food program: a case study in a company in the area of industrial equipment of Araraquara/SP https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3074 <p>The Worker's Feeding Program (PAT) is a tax incentive of deduction established by the Federal Government through Law 6.321/76, with the purpose of providing food to its employees and in return the reduction of the income tax due of the legal persons. In this sense, the objective of the research was to analyze the tax economy of a company that makes industrial machinery and equipment, located in the city of Araraquara in the state of São Paulo, by means of tax planning of the calculation methods of the Worker's Feeding Program (PAT), with the deduction provided for in Law 6.321/76. The research characterized itself as descriptive, case study and documentary, taking a quantitative qualitative approach. Data collection was performed through company documents, digital bookkeeping and tax bookkeeping from 2017 to 2021. The values of food expenses were collected, LALUR and ECF were tabulated, the rates indicated in the legislation were applied, the values of the IRPJ to be paid were calculated, and the comparison between the two methods was finally made. The results obtained demonstrate that the tax economy using the method of deduction of taxable profit is R $ 724.855,00 already updated by SELIC until 09/2022. It was possible to identify that the company collected values in an improper manner, for not carrying out the method proposed by Law 6,321/76, an amount of R$ 557,712.00. It is concluded that the research on the PAT emphasizes the importance of tax planning and the correct application of the tax deductions of Law 6.321/76, highlighting the need for effective tax management and knowledge of tax laws, since the non-use of tax incentives can bring significant tax costs to the companies. This demonstrates the importance of reviewing tax practices and implementing strategies to optimize the tax burden, promoting greater competitiveness and growth of organizations.</p> Debora Perosa Mayara Stratmann da Silva Kemylli Farinon Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-05 2024-02-05 22 2 e3074 e3074 10.55905/oelv22n2-003 Phytochemical prospection of extracts from the leaves of pata de vaca (Bauhinia forficata) from the Parintins region, Amazonas, Brazil https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3075 <p>Phytochemistry stands out for the study of the active principles of metabolites synthesized by plants. Compounds in general have biological activities, capable of bringing benefits to humans. The Bauhinia forficata object of this study, popularly known as Pata de Vaca, native to Brazil. This species of tree is very common in the lower Amazon region, particularly around Parintins. Under laboratory conditions, organic n-hexane and acetic extracts from leaves of Pata de vaca (Bauhinia forficata) were subjected to preliminary chemical tests, where the classes of compounds investigated were alkaloids, tannins, saponins and flavonoids. As a result of the tests for the n-hexane extract, all three were negative and positive for saponins, while for the acetic extract, the four tests had positive results. Therefore, it is concluded that the species presents bioactive compounds, with the need for further studies.</p> Heiner Machado da Silva Alberto da Silva Farias Monica Jacaúna dos Santos Fernando Sergio dos Santos Farias Rainiomar Raimundo Fonseca Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-05 2024-02-05 22 2 e3075 e3075 10.55905/oelv22n2-004 Quality of life at work of entrepreneurs in the municipality of Mossoró https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3076 <p>In an increasingly globalized and competitive world, the success or failure of organizations depends on the quality of life at work in the administrative environment. It must be tied to a business plan that adapts the company's activities, which must be on favorable terms, since they are not complete if their employees are not well. Based on this assumption, the present work had as its main objective to analyze the Quality of life of the entrepreneurs of three pulp distributors in the city of Mossoró. This is a descriptive, qualitative research, the collection of data by means of a semi-structured interview. The main results indicate that pulp entrepreneurs in the municipality of Mossoró have an adequate Quality of Life at Work level. In that context, reflected through entrepreneurial strategies used to deal with the market risk they act.</p> Daura Helena Jales Dantas Duarte Aline Leandro Nunes Ana Laura Jales Pinheiro Elisabete Stradiotto Siqueira Eulita de Souza Morais Layon Alcântara Cosme Sheyla Maria Messias Lima Raissa Rani Batista de Oliveira Tavares Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-05 2024-02-05 22 2 e3076 e3076 10.55905/oelv22n2-005 Copyright and digital music platforms: harmony or dissonance? https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3077 <p>This study addresses the complex relationship between copyright and digital music platforms in the digital era. As digital platforms become the primary means of music distribution, significant challenges arise concerning the protection and fair compensation of authors. The article explores the evolution of the music industry, from the early days of the phonograph to modern streaming platforms, highlighting the technological changes that have shaped the relationship between music and technology. The copyright system in Brazil is also discussed, influenced by the French dual protection model, encompassing both economic and moral rights. The text also analyzes the role of the Central Office for Collection of Copyright (ECAD) and its seven Associations in the collective management of copyright, as well as the issue of transparency in the distribution of economic rights. One point of debate is whether music transmission through streaming platforms should be considered public or private performance, directly impacting copyright revenue collection. Therefore, this study aims to present the relevant panorama of this new context of copyright associated with digital music platforms (streaming). Adopting a deductive methodology with exploratory research, the article concludes that the landscape of copyright in Brazil and its relationship with digital music platforms is a complex and challenging topic that requires careful consideration and appropriate regulation to ensure authors are adequately protected in a constantly evolving digital environment. It emphasizes the need for greater transparency and clarity in the collection, calculation, and distribution system of economic rights by digital music platforms.</p> Antonio Martins de Oliveira Júnior Vinicius Marques Nejaim Fernanda Oliveira Santos Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-05 2024-02-05 22 2 e3077 e3077 10.55905/oelv22n2-006 The experience of the camp Tiago Campin dos Santos in Rondônia in the light of critical criminology https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3078 <p>The present work intends to briefly tell the history of repression and resistance of the Tiago Campin dos Santos Camp, located in the rural area of ​​Porto Velho/RO. The Camp, organized by the LCP (Liga dos Camponeses Pobres de Rondônia e Amazônia Occidental) has more than 700 families, who occupy the area, which in turn is public land illegally occupied by the biggest land grabber in the region, known as ''Old Rooster''. After systematically suffering several attacks from the State police forces, in fulfillment of illegal Repossessions, violations of rights were reported by local peasants, committed by police with gunslinger hired by the land grabber, which culminated in physical violence, psychological violence, destruction property, humiliations, evictions and murders. Since its formation, in 2020, 11 murders have already been recorded as a result of these reported attacks. Secondly, it is intended to use the example of the Camp to reflect on the system of control and penal selectivity that place an impoverished peasant mass under the ‘’sight’’ of the State, who struggles for democratic access to land. The repressive and classist character of the State and consequently of the Judiciary leads it to face a social problem, which is the poor distribution of land in Brazil, as a public security problem, individualizing the agents of this conflict, criminalizing them, intentionally suppressing the dimension social conflict. In the essence of the Maximum Penal State model, the management of poverty through the penal control system, especially through the selective and neutralizing use of prison, makes it unnecessary to discuss structural problems, such as the social ills generated by the capitalist system on the use of the land, heightened in the latifundist production model. The agrarian question starts to be colonized by the performance of penal control over “invaders” and, with very little frequency, over landowners, land grabbers, and gunslinger.</p> Mariana Gullo Paixão Adegmar José Ferreira Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-05 2024-02-05 22 2 e3078 e3078 10.55905/oelv22n2-007 Spiritualism and spiritual surgeries https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3079 <p>In this article we will present Spiritism as a religion and the work of “spiritual surgery” as a healing activity, forming a peculiar type of gift system. To do this, we will use bibliographical research and field analysis, showing the activities and experience of the healing medium João Berbel, resident in Franca – SP and who works in spiritual surgery practices. In this sense, we will give conceptual emphasis to the idea of ​​the leader's charisma, combined with the recognition of the gift system as an important factor in Kardecist spiritualism, forging the exchange of non-equivalent values ​​within the logic of giving, receiving and reciprocating. At the Instituto de Medicina do Além, the research site, activities such as lectures are carried out; studies on doctrine; disobsession work; training and recreational activities with children, in addition to the aforementioned spiritual surgery. The latter is based on the belief that the medium carries out, in partnership with his mentor (a spirit), religious work, as in the case of João Berbel and his mentor Dr. Ismael Alonso, who was a doctor in the city of Franca in the 20th century. In this sense, we made use of reports from the center's collaborators, collected through semi-structured interviews, as well as the use of Weber's theories on the idea of ​​charisma and Marcel Mauss's gift system.</p> James Washington Alves dos Santos Roberto Calabria Guimarães da Silva Sérgio Baetta Ferreira Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-05 2024-02-05 22 2 e3079 e3079 10.55905/oelv22n2-008 Overcoming the paradigm of traditional teaching methodology in pharmacology monitoring: innovations in medical education driven by the pandemic https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3080 <p>In the course of the last decades there has been a transformation of medical education, aiming to change from a traditional model centered on the teacher to active methodologies, which involve students in a participative, practical and critical way. The pandemic highlighted the importance of differentiated approaches, such as dialoged classes and the inverted classroom. While they bring benefits, they also present challenges, such as preparedness and the necessary infrastructure. Training assessment and Think-Pair-Share (TPS) methodology are also important in this context. Accordingly, the adaptation of the ative methodologies for the teaching of pharmacology is considered relevant for forming doctors prepared for the future demands. The objective of the present study was to report the experience of the monitors in the discipline of Pharmacology in the context of adaptation between the pandemic scenario with remote activities and the return to face-to-face teaching, maintaining the strategy of active methodologies and the formative evaluation, which was initially structured during the pandemic in a digital context. The discipline of Pharmacology offered to the undergraduate course in Medicine of the State University of Rio de Janeiro has therefore started to integrate medical theory and practice, involving classroom, asynchronous and clinical cases. In this way, the teachers teach the subjects and the student monitors, with the supervision of the teachers, select clinical cases based on practical experiences, and use the strategy of the TPS for discussions with small groups of students, which, afterwards, are shared with the whole group. Clinical cases are based on supporting texts, but the discussions encourage the addition of new information to widen the understanding of the discipline. In this context, the monitoring project in Pharmacology involves an active teaching approach, encouraging students to participate in clinical case discussions and broaden theoretical knowledge. This practice enriches academic skills, arouses interest in teaching and is well evaluated by students. The approach aligns with Glasser's learning pyramid, favoring knowledge retention. The use of the TPS methodology promotes collaboration and clinical reasoning and the impact has been positive, which is evidenced by student evaluations and feedback to the discipline and to the monitors. Therefore, the restructuring of the Pharmacology discipline adopted more dynamic and active teaching strategies, seeking to stimulate the active participation of students and critical reasoning. Monitoring played an important role in this approach, promoting debate, proactivity, and clinical skills. The monitoring experience has been positive, deepening the technical knowledge of the monitors and challenging them to constantly improve teaching strategies. Accordingly, the work reflects the importance of more ative, critical medical teaching that is aligned with social demands.</p> Felipe Santana Vianna Jade Andrade Alves David Leonardo Ferreira de Medeiros Ana Clara de Lucena Cals de Oliveira Marta Cristina da Cunha Rodrigues Guilherme Carneiro Montes Cristiane Matsuura Penha Cristina Barradas Daltro-Santos Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-05 2024-02-05 22 2 e3080 e3080 10.55905/oelv22n2-009 The influence of the social context on the development of the child's psyche https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3081 <p>This article explores the implications of introductory studies carried out through a literature review and aims to promote reflection on the importance of the social environment in promoting the child's psychological development. According to the conception of child development from the perspective of Historical-Cultural Psychology, children need to appropriate culture in order to develop their psyche and become part of the human race. This appropriation takes place in the social and material relationships that come from the social environment in which the child is inserted, an appropriation that takes place in a mediated way, especially through language. By studying the process of hominization that took place in phylogenesis - a process promoted by work - and the humanization provided by ontogenesis to each child from birth, we can see that child development is not a natural phenomenon, but a socially developed one. In this way, it is possible to understand how much the environment in which the child is inserted is responsible for their psychic formation, for the formation of their personality, and it is therefore essential that it be an environment rich in culture, affection and humanizing values. This is fundamental for any social group present in the child's upbringing, especially when it comes to the school environment, which must be more intentional in promoting their higher psychic functions.</p> Arieli Alves da Silva Camila Garcia Silva Carla Nubiana Rezende Maria Silvia Rosa Santana Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-05 2024-02-05 22 2 e3081 e3081 10.55905/oelv22n2-010 Exploring the impact of sulfocalcic solution and water glass on the synthesis of phytoalexins and antifungal activity against Cladosporium cladosporioides https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3082 <p>The passion fruit production in Brazil stands out as an activity of significant interest, especially for small-scale farmers, due to the short cycle of the crop, high economic returns, and wide demand in the consumer market, encompassing both fresh consumption and industrial processing. However, despite these attractions, the crop faces considerable challenges due to its notable susceptibility to diseases. In this context, this study was conducted with the purpose of evaluating the effectiveness of sulfocalcic solution and water glass in two distinct aspects: (i) in the in vitro control of <em>Cladosporium cladosporioides</em>, the causal agent of Passion Fruit Scab; and (ii) in the induction of phytoalexin synthesis in soybean cotyledons and bean hypocotyls. Four distinct treatments were implemented: T1 as a control, T2 with water glass (1.25%), T3 with sulfocalcic solution (3.03%), and T4 with sulfocalcic solution (0.5%). Results revealed that the 3.03% sulfocalcic solution demonstrated significant efficacy in controlling mycelial growth, followed by the treatment with the same substance at 0.5%. Treatments 3 and 4 were equally effective in inhibiting germination and sporulation, reaching approximately 90%, while water glass showed no efficacy in the conducted tests. Regarding the induction of phytoalexins, none of the treatments resulted in the accumulation of these compounds in bean hypocotyls; however, the 3.03% sulfocalcic solution induced synthesis in soybean cotyledons. These findings underscore the potential of sulfocalcic solution as an effective control agent against <em>C. cladosporioides.</em></p> Gabriel Mendonça Guerino Solange Maria Bonaldo Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-05 2024-02-05 22 2 e3082 e3082 10.55905/oelv22n2-011 Effects of laser welding on the martensitic transformation of a shape-memory Ti-Ni alloy https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3083 <p>The objective of this study is to investigate the martensitic transformation behavior of a Ti-Ni alloy subjected to a laser welding process. Materials characterization techniques were used to analyze the influences of this welding procedure on the phase transformation behavior. This study can provide valuable insights for the improvement of Ti-Ni alloy welding processes used for technological applications, such as in the aerospace industry. In this study, samples were prepared under three conditions: thermal treatment at 400°C, thermal treatment at 500°C, and as-received. The characterization techniques used were: Optical Microscopy (OM), Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), Electron Dispersion Spectroscopy (EDS), X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), and Vickers Microhardness (HV). The results allow for analysis of thermoelastic martensitic transformation and variations in the compositions of the alloy elements. The research, in general, aims to repurpose welding waste in Ti-Ni alloys for the production of mini sensors. The enthalpy was higher for the alloy treated at 500°C and welded. The research findings led to the observation of martensitic phase transformation in the laser-welded Ti-Ni alloy, which suggests that it can be used as a sensor/actuator.</p> Manoel Cândido Júnior Carlos Augusto do Nascimento Oliveira Cezar Henrique Gonzalez Karla Caroline Alves da Silva Oscar Olímpio de Araújo Filho Daniel Wallerstein Figueiroa Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-05 2024-02-05 22 2 e3083 e3083 10.55905/oelv22n2-012 Amazon potential: technological prospect on the use of acai oil (Euterpe oleracea) in the development of bioproducts in the last decade (2014-2023) https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3088 <p>The acai oil, extracted from Euterpe oleracea, has a wide range of promising biological activities, being produced on a large scale in Brazil, mainly in the Amazon region. Studies highlight its health benefits, including antimicrobial activity, anticancer action, antiatherogenic, anti-hypercholesterolemic, anti-hypertriglyceridemic, anti-inflammatory, and antinociceptive. Acai berry oil also shows potential in technological production. This technological prospecting was carried out between 2014 and 2023 to identify patents related to its use. 15 patent registrations were found, with applications in various sectors such as food, pharmaceutical and cosmetics. Brazil's supremacy in this field, especially by higher education institutions, reflects the country's scientific and innovative potential, highlighting the fundamental role of universities and research centers in generating applied knowledge and in the search for sustainable solutions. It is essential to continue supporting and encouraging research and innovation, promoting strategic partnerships between academia, industry and government, so that the knowledge generated contributes effectively to social, economic and environmental progress, both in Brazil and globally.</p> Eliakim do Nascimento Mendes Allysson Kayron de Carvalho Silva Amaury Vieira Cruz Moraes João Victor Veras da Fonseca Juliana Moura Mendes Maria do Desterro Soares Brandão Nascimento Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-06 2024-02-06 22 2 e3088 e3088 10.55905/oelv22n2-013 Referential processes in the construction of the controversial modality: a study of tweets published by Osmar Terra mep https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3089 <p>This article aims to analyze, from the interface between Textual Linguistics and Argumentation, the use of referential processes in anti-vaccine speeches published on Twitter on the page of Deputy Osmar Terra. In this way, we discuss, based on the polemical modality, how the argumentative directions around the subject of discourse "vaccine" were constructed. Our corpus of analysis consists of tweets published in April 2022. The work constitutes an exploratory study, with qualitative research characteristics and deductive method, allowing us to observe that the argumentative marks manifest themselves through referential processes, such as the nominal forms, referential introductions and anaphores. We rely on the theoretical conceptions of Amossy (2017) to understand the notion of argumentation in the speeches, as well as the peculiarities of the controversial modality. Extending the View Between&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; the argument and LT, we follow the theoretical assumptions of Cavalcante et al. (2020; 2022). In order to understand the concept of text as process, we rely on the assumptions of Koch (2015) and the studies of Monada and Dubois (2015), Cavalcante, Custódio Filho and Brito (2014), which highlight the importance of understanding referencing as a discursive activity. The study indicates that referential processes contribute to the argumentative dynamics of the text and the objects of&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; speech is introduced, resumed, and (re)categorized depending on the communicative purposes of the enunciator. Furthermore, by means of textual strategies, traces of the polemical modality are revealed.</p> Eianny Cecília de Abrantes Pontes e Almeida Lidiane de Morais Diógenes Bezerra Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-06 2024-02-06 22 2 e3089 e3089 10.55905/oelv22n2-014 A comparative study between zero-knowledge proof (ZKP) and ring signatures targeting the legal and regulatory implications with the general data protection law (GDPL) and general data protection regulation (GDPR) https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3098 <p>Privacy protection ensures that individuals have control over personal data, preventing abuse and preserving trust in the use of online services. In the “Digital Era”, where the collection, storage and processing of personal information have become ubiquitous, data privacy emerges as a relevant topic. In this sense, laws were created, such as the General Data Protection Law (LGPD) in Brazil and the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) in Europe, to control privacy and the processing of personal data. The article presents a comparative analysis of 2 (two) data privacy mechanisms, the <em>Zero-Knowledge Proof (ZKP)</em> and <em>Ring Signatures</em>, used in <em>Blockchain</em>, aiming at the legal and regulatory implications with the LGPD and GDPR. The comparative study between ZKP and Ring Signatures highlights the flexibility of ZKP in various contexts, including voting and secure authentication systems, while <em>Ring Signatures</em> offer significant advantages in terms of scalability and efficiency in systems where subscriber anonymity is considered fundamental. Furthermore, the legal and regulatory implications of the ZKP are discussed, mainly in relation to LGPD and GDPR. Finally, the article concludes that the comparative analysis offers insights into applications, challenges and legal and regulatory implications, particularly in relation to data privacy and compliance with regulations such as LGPD and GDPR.</p> Tácito Augusto Farias Júnior Rafael Oliveira Vasconcelos Admilson de Ribamar Lima Ribeiro Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-07 2024-02-07 22 2 e3098 e3098 10.55905/oelv22n2-015 Beginning of personality, unborn and rights arising in brazilian legislation https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3099 <p>Over the years, laws involving the rights of the unborn child have been discussed and interpreted. The legal personality of natural persons in Brazil has been addressed in an attempt to identify when it begins, whether or not the unborn child's rights are guaranteed, as well as its effects on our legal system. This research aims to analyze the practical application of the doctrine regarding the beginning of life in the present day, identify, through a historical and bibliographical survey, the concept of the beginning of human personality, identify Brazilian doctrines and laws that govern its guarantees, and answers regarding legal personality and the rights of the unborn child within the technical legal system, identify how the rights of the unborn child are defended in court, raise contradictions regarding recurring rights, through bibliographical research. The conclusion that is expected to be reached on the subject in view of the opinions and experiences to be collected will be that, even with the change in our Civil Code in the articles where it mentioned every “man” and now every “person”, there are still many conflicts regarding the concept of the beginning of life. We cannot deny technological and medical advances, which today allow access to the being that is being generated in the mother's womb before birth. And so, being able to verify the existence of life before birth, something that, at the time of the creation of the Civil Code 1916, would have been unfeasible, thus leading to the monitoring of the legal system on the advancement of society.</p> Marcelo Negri Soares Luís Fernando Centurião Sheila Oliveira Pires de Lima Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-07 2024-02-07 22 2 e3099 e3099 10.55905/oelv22n2-016 Categorization of the texts present in the Physics textbooks of the PNLEM 2018, adopted at CEFET-MG: connections with the history of Physics https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3100 <p>In Brazil, students from the public schools of the municipal, state and federal networks receive free of charge the textbooks that they will use throughout their basic education, and this distribution is guaranteed by the National Textbook Program (PNLD in the Portuguese acronym). Research in the Teaching of Sciences has a great concern in studying how the teaching-learning process takes place through the textbooks and the role of the teacher in this mediation. The present study was carried out by two students of basic education, under the supervision of their guidance teachers, inserted in the program of Scientific Initiation Jr of CEFET-MG, having as main objective to analyze the complementary texts present in the works of the discipline of Physics, approved in the National Plan of the Textbook of High School (PNLEM) 2018 and adopted in the campuses CEFET-MG, looking for different languages adopted that support the interdisciplinarity between Physics and History and development of Science required in the public notice of the PNLEM. A priori, the identification of the number of texts with the relationship between Physics and History and the development of Science, present in each Physics content and in each volume of the work, was carried out. The texts were categorized into: biographical and historical. In the complementary texts of the works from the 1st to the 3rd year of high school, the collections "Aula per lesson" and "Physics" presented a greater incidence of the historical character of science, with a frequency of, respectively, 70.6% and 91.9%, while the collection "Science and Technology" had 95.6% bibliographic texts. The textbooks are the main sources of educational construction of the students, evidencing their significant importance. For this reason, it is necessary that such tools are constantly analyzed and worked on by academics from the areas of education, aiming increasingly at the improvement of these materials and, as a consequence, of education as a whole. The documents that guide basic education highlight the importance of the recognition of Physics as a process whose construction has occurred throughout history. As the collections approved in the PNLEM contemplate this approach, the reflection is therefore left for the teachers to observe how it is inserted in the textbooks and to incorporate this discussion into their praxis.</p> João Paulo de Castro Costa Silvânia Aparecida de Freitas Souza Amanda Késsila de Matos Santos Ana Maria Silva Souza Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-07 2024-02-07 22 2 e3100 e3100 10.55905/oelv22n2-017 Chool, society, human beings and the world: challenges to social pedagogy https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3101 <p>The article on screen is the result of a dialogue between research and accumulated reflections in the area of social education, based on Social Pedagogy and aims to socialize the research results of the PIPAS-UFF Project. About the intertwined relationship between school, society, human beings and the world that, accordingly, needs to be a process of knowing, softening and humanizing. The methodology includes a reflective process, anchored in socio-educational and socio-cultural praxis. Main theoreticians: Freire, about the educator's choices before the student; Prigogine, science as a collective enterprise; Arendt, on the issue of evil constructed by man; Fernandes and Lemme guide us towards the construction of true Democratic Education.</p> Margareth Martins de Araújo Mônica Coelho Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-07 2024-02-07 22 2 e3101 e3101 10.55905/oelv22n2-018 An artist in public square https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3102 <p>At the intersection between the City, the Urban and the Human, between artistic and scientific knowledge, this text is placed, proposing the superposition of distinct forces acting on a given public space. The most emblematic place is the Plaza de la Constitución (or el Zócalo, as it is popularly known): the largest and oldest square in the center of Mexico City. This urban space gains new layers and dynamics through the poetic actions of the Belgian-Mexican artist, Francis Alÿs, who develops part of his work there. The article presents four of these actions, carried out between 1994 and 1999, and discusses its capacity for tensioning the temporalities at stake in the created situations and for provoking critical and political thinking about the sociabilities and urban identities that agitate there. Alÿs's set of artistic interventions will be debated through Lefebvre's theoretical legacy and the notion of the right to the city; de Rancière's and the relationship between aesthetics and politics; de Deleuze and Guattari's regarding agenciamentos e territorializations. The authors will help to structure an analysis matrix and thus launch possible readings about the contributions of the artist and his actions to the public space, working from the contemporary to talk about the many times that make up the now.</p> Germana Konrath Paulo Edison Belo Reyes Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-07 2024-02-07 22 2 e3102 e3102 10.55905/oelv22n2-019 Evaluation of agronomic characters in corn genotypes (Zea mays L.) Safrinha in agricultural area of Amazon in the municipality of Conceição do Araguaia-PA https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3105 <p>World agriculture faces the challenge of increasing food production, while expansion of the cultivated area is restricted. To meet this demand, it is necessary to increase the productivity of the crops, the work of genetic improvement being crucial. In this context, 20 commercial genotypes of safrinha corn were tested, in the no-till system in the rural zone of the municipality of Conceição do Araguaia-PA, with the objetive of identifying those with the best agronomic performance. The research was carried out at the João e Maria farm, in the rural area of this municipality, in the agricultural year 2021/2022, with sowing in March. The experiment adopted an experimental design of blocks at random, with 20 treatments (genotypes) and 3 repetitions. The following characteristics have been determined: plant height, ear height, number of rows per ear, number of grains per row, ear length, weight of one hundred grains and grain yield. The data were submitted to the analysis of variance by the F test and the means were compared using the Tukey test, with a significance level of 5%. The results of the research showed that, under the soil and climatic conditions in which they were assessed, the genotype KWS 0221 showed satisfactory results in relation to productivity. Genotypes KWS 0121 and KWS 0321 have also shown promising performance. Therefore, these materials are highly recommended for planting in the harvest in the southeast of Pará, due to their favorable agronomic characteristics and their adaptability in the region of the study.</p> Mayra de Moura Fernandes Rooslany Queiroz Barreira Vitor Silva Barbosa Luís César Cassol João Victor de Lima Santos Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-07 2024-02-07 22 2 e3105 e3105 10.55905/oelv22n2-020 The inductive method applied in scientific research in legal sciences: an analysis of its feasibility in academic studies https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3106 <p>For the development of scientific works, it is necessary to initially define the object and the most appropriate approach method. For this, it is necessary to consider the particularities of the universe in which the research object is inserted. Regarding the use of the inductive method, the question that emerges is to know what are the obstacles or limitations in scientific investigation, approach and development of research in the legal sciences? The hypothesis is to affirm that there are methods of approach that are less suitable for research in legal sciences, the inductive method being one of them. Thus, the article: (i) describes the inductive method; (ii) identifies the main criticisms of the use of this method; and (iii) raises obstacles or limitations in the use of the inductive method in legal science research. The study uses the hypothetical-deductive method of approach and concludes that the inductive method is not recommended in the development of scientific research in the field of legal sciences.</p> James Ricardo Ferreira Piloto Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-07 2024-02-07 22 2 e3106 e3106 10.55905/oelv22n2-021 Health education as a strategy for improving quality of life https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3107 <p>The study addresses the intricate interaction between education, health, quality of life, and intrinsic and extrinsic factors, highlighting the importance of these elements in shaping individual and collective well-being. Education is recognized as a comprehensive process of knowledge transmission, playing a crucial role in empowering individuals to make informed decisions about their health and quality of life. Local culture is identified as an essential component in shaping lifestyle habits, emphasizing the importance of effective local education in promoting healthy practices and community awareness. The study adopted a qualitative narrative research methodology, aiming to synthesize available knowledge on the topic through national theoretical references from the Scielo and LILACS databases. The analysis focused on the relevance of health education as a strategy for improving quality of life. Results and discussions underline the significant influence of education on health, indicating that individuals with higher education levels have better health literacy. The discussion extends to the influence of current policies, represented by the Unified Health System and fund transfer programs that prioritize education, establishing conditions that promote access to information and health. The conclusion emphasizes the intrinsic connection of these issues to quality of life, highlighting the importance of investing in education to empower individuals to interpret information and promote their health.</p> Priscila Castro Cordeiro Fernandes Daniela Diniz Simões de Medeiros Carvalho Anderson de Oliveira Alexandre Andrea Nascimento Eduardo Rodrigues Jorge Luiz Alexandre Pereira de Toledo Alessandra Ferreira Mendes Jiticovski Adriana de Castro Machado Joana Darc Ferreira da Silva Kênya Costa Rodrigues da Silva Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-07 2024-02-07 22 2 e3107 e3107 10.55905/oelv22n2-022 The importance of landscape architecture in the process of resocializing the inmate https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3103 <p>The punitive elements overlap with the educational ones in the prison architecture, making the penal system flawed in the goal of social reintegration. As a result, there is na increase in crime and high rates of recidvism. The architecture in turn has contributed to the repression and hostility in prison life, impairing the possibilities of improvement of the reclusive individual. This article aims to identify the main architecture factors harmful to the resocialization process and highlight the importance of the quality of the internals and externals spaces of prison to promote quality of life and through this, favor the practice of teaching and learning withing the institution. After all, it is throught education that the human beign can develop.</p> Suellen Cavalcante Costa Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-07 2024-02-07 22 2 e3103 e3103 10.55905/oelv22n2-023 Covid-19 pandemic: and the need to adapt teaching practice https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3104 <p>With the pandemic that brings about COVID-19, commonly called coronavirus, the need arose in the field of education to update on teaching methodologies, such as the use of technologies and the internet in pedagogical work, without losing sight of the affectivity of relationships as an inseparable aspect to the teaching and learning process. With this, the present work aims to understand the current moment about the sudden departure from school, and the routine of the teacher. We recognize that the technical tools used, such as digital platforms and applications, collaborated to bring them closer, even in times of social distancing, maintaining links with children and adolescents, with the help of their families and/or guardians. We believe that one day classroom lessons will come back, and until then, who knows, technology may be part of the routine of families and children even after their return, thus being understood their social function of technologies, which at this moment, is as important as knowing how to read and write.</p> Bárbara Martina Serpa Paulo Roberto Serpa Leidy Luiza Ranzan Xerri Maristela Suzko Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-07 2024-02-07 22 2 e3104 e3104 10.55905/oelv22n2-024 Data management practices aligned with LGPD in the data science context https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3108 <p>Data management is a comprehensive process that includes data collection, storage, organization, and maintenance for efficient data analysis and use. With data generation at unprecedented volumes and at breakneck speed, effective data management has become an operational necessity and a competitive advantage. In the context of Data Science, data is the raw material for insights and innovations, making its proper management fundamental to ensure reliability and accuracy. This article stresses the importance of data governance, security and privacy, especially in view of the increase in data protection regulations such as the LGPD. It also addresses efficiency in data management as essential to driving innovation and facilitating data-driven decision-making in organizations and academia. The ability to manage large volumes of data is unique because well-managed data provides a valuable source of information, enabling trend identification, process optimization and strategic decision making, leading to innovation and competitive advantages. Also, this article discusses LGPD compliance, not only as a legal issue, but also as an opportunity for companies to build trust with their users by demonstrating a commitment to data security and privacy. Efficient data management also involves choosing appropriate tools and technologies and implementing policies that ensure data compliance and security.</p> Elder Elisandro Schemberger Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-07 2024-02-07 22 2 e3108 e3108 10.55905/oelv22n2-025 Profile of individuals diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea who use non-invasive ventilation https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3109 <p>Introduction: Obstructive Sleep Apnea (AOS) can be characterized as a disorder of total or partial obstruction of the upper airways, causing symptoms such as non-restorative sleep, snoring, choking and fatigue associated with cardiovascular diseases, where the VNI uses positive pressures to reduce the work of breathing and increase oxygenation and lung compliance. Objective: To know the profile of CPAP users as a form of treatment for AOS. Methods: This was a descriptive research, carried out in a digital environment, based on validated questionnaires specific for each proposed objective, with data presented as mean and standard deviation or raw data, through SPSS 23.0 with the significance level adopted p&lt;0.05. Results: A total of 82 individuals participated, considering that there were three exclusions for not meeting the inclusion criteria, 79 were evaluated using the PSQI and ESE questionnaires, which evaluated the presence of poor quality sleep without changes in daytime sleepiness of the individuals. Conclusion: it was observed that the use of CPAP for the treatment of OSA improved the users' sleep; even though most of them had a poor quality of sleep, their daytime sleepiness was considered normal.</p> Monizza de Andrade Vilas Boas Pedro Augusto Clemente Odonis Rocha Júnior Bárbara Mendes Paz Chao Eliane Gonçalves de Jesus Fonseca Patricia Pacheco Tyski Suckow Angela Dubiela Julik Ana Carolina Dorigoni Bini Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-07 2024-02-07 22 2 e3109 e3109 10.55905/oelv22n2-026 Deaf and hearing perceptions about visual pedagogy in science classes https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3110 <p>The challenge is still great for all students to feel included in the activities proposed by the school. Referring to deaf students, this challenge also presents itself, as it is necessary to understand their identities, culture and sign language. The objective of this article is to analyze deaf and hearing perceptions about visual pedagogy in science classes. The methodology used was a qualitative approach, descriptive in nature and of a case study type. The technique used was interviews with deaf students, a hearing teacher and a Libras interpreter. The results showed that there are signs of Visual Pedagogy through some classes using visual elements. It was also evident that the teacher's pedagogical practices need to be redefined, in the sense of thinking about more visual strategies for teaching deaf people and using them in the classroom.</p> Fernando Rodrigues Tavares Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-07 2024-02-07 22 2 e3110 e3110 10.55905/oelv22n2-027 A/r/tography in between place: a look at the connections of living heritage https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3111 <p>This article presents a look at the connections that occur between heritage and community as a living, transitory, powerful place that can be explored as a collective asset based on the concept of relational art that elevates relationships to the condition of art. From the perspective of systemic and complex thoughts, we propose a museology that patrimonializes the between place of community relations understood as a living and mixed hypertext, a book made up of meanings attributed to existences that highlight reality and the role of human beings in it. To qualitatively analyze the perceptions and specificities of the crossings between people's reality and their collective heritage, it is designated as a participatory and co-creative research methodology, with interventions and educational research based on art - a/r/tography, artistic practice and lively pedagogical, capable of perceiving, analyzing and producing knowledge and sharing it through collaborative poetic practices.</p> Vítor de Sampaio Pereira Lilian do Amaral Nunes Maria Patrícia Freitas de Lemos Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-07 2024-02-07 22 2 e3111 e3111 10.55905/oelv22n2-028 Techno-economic feasibility of installing a photovoltaic power plant: a case study at a public university https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3112 <p>The energy compensation system has attracted the interest of several sectors, including the public sector. In this context, this work presents a technical dimensioning and techno-economic feasibility of installing a photovoltaic generation plant, considering the service to a Brazilian public university campus. Four systems were designed using NREL's PVWatts and SAM tools with the NSRDB database, analyzing 6 economic viability situations. The results show a payback of 6 years and 3 months for a 545kWp system without energy storage and 10 years and 5 months for a 180kWp system with energy storage. The variations in the results depend on the implementation considerations of each of the proposed systems, such as the energy availability demand contract and the savings on the bill made possible by the implementation method.</p> Michelle Massessini Faria Freitas Elias José de Rezende Freitas Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-07 2024-02-07 22 2 e3112 e3112 10.55905/oelv22n2-029 Absorption of the acid gases CO2 and H2S from a natural gas stream using the Aspen Plus® simulator https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3113 <p>Natural gas consists mainly of methane (CH4) and other lighter hydrocarbons, but it has traces of contaminants such as carbon dioxide (CO2) and hydrogen sulfide (H2S). These gases should be eliminated or reduced to the minimum concentration percentage because they are toxic, corrosive and harmful in high concentrations, as well as to avoid obstruction of pipelines of a pipeline and to meet market specifications. The most commonly used procedure to remove CO2 and H2S from natural gas is the chemical absorption process (sweetening and/or desulphurization), using alkanolamines as solvents, and the amine most commonly used in Brazil is diethanolamine (DEA). In this study, the sweetening process was conducted at the ASPEN PLUS® Chemical Process Simulator. The simulations took place on a permanent basis, using the method of stages in equilibrium and the DEA as solvent. Parameters such as amine current inlet temperature, DEA concentration, number of stages in the absorber, and DEA current pressure were evaluated. In addition, sensitivity analyzes were conducted using the Amines, ELECTNRTL and Peng-Robinson (PR) Thermodynamic Models. As results, it was observed that the Amines model was the one that best represented the stage of sweetening natural gas (separately and in recycled form), obtaining a purer gas, with smaller fractions of CO2 and H2S.</p> Ailton Freitas Balieiro Ferreira João Antônio Pessoa da Silva Manoel Rodrigues da Silva Otoniel Barbosa de Matos Agilson de Souza Freitas Filho Breno Correa Dantas Kleber Bittencourt Oliveira Nelson de Souza Amorim Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-07 2024-02-07 22 2 e3113 e3113 10.55905/oelv22n2-030 Routine management: a case study for the implementation of tools applied in a barbershop https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3114 <p>The focus of this work is a practical approach to how a process of implementing routine management and some tools works in an organization located in Manaus - AM, showing real applications and thus demonstrating its importance and the benefits obtained. With this objective in mind, the methodology was introduced in a company in the men's beauty sector, thus enabling management to focus on achieving results, operational excellence, difficulty in prioritizing delegated tasks and better communication. In order to do this, the company's mistakes and mechanisms for solving them were established. By using quality management concepts and practices, it will be possible to increase efficiency and productivity and guarantee the satisfaction of the organization's customers. As well as analysing the case study, the theoretical review looked in depth at the concepts of quality management, management by guidelines, standardization, processes and routine management itself. The topic was chosen to show how to organize simple day-to-day aspects so that effective management that strives for continuous improvement is possible. At the end of the study, it was found that the implementation provided a restructuring of the company's procedures, an understanding of the company's priority problems, improved communication between employees, and an understanding of the results of each area.</p> Brunno Alexandre Saldanha Facinni Joaquim Maciel da Costa Craveiro Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-07 2024-02-07 22 2 e3114 e3114 10.55905/oelv22n2-031 The mathematics on classical ballet: connections between the beautiful and the exact https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3115 <p>The article addresses the intrinsic relationship between classical ballet and mathematics, exploring the presence of geometric elements and symmetry in the techniques and movements of this form of dance. The research aims to explore the potential use of the golden ratio and mathematical modelling to analyze patterns, proportions, and understand the underlying physical principles of the dancers' leaps and turns. This qualitative and applied research, based on bibliographical analysis and a case study, provides a profound insight into the interaction between art and science, demonstrating how mathematics translates into beauty and harmony in classical ballet. These conclusions enrich the understanding of the interconnection between seemingly distinct disciplines, highlighting mathematics as a form of artistic expression and classical ballet as a means of mathematical expression.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Gabriela Heloiza Lima Farinha Tiago Felipe de Oliveira Alves Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-07 2024-02-07 22 2 e3115 e3115 10.55905/oelv22n2-032 Prepubic urethral transposition, with prostatic urethral anastomosis to penile urethra, after severe membrane urethral injury in dog - case report https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3116 <p>Rupture of the membranous urethra caused by automobile trauma in dogs, accounting for only 5% of genitourinary tract injuries. The higher prevalence in male dogs is noteworthy due to pelvic anatomy and locomotion habits. Clinical signs include edema, anuria, hematuria, pain, and uroperitoneum, requiring an emergency approach. Diagnosis is usually based on history and imaging tests such as ultrasonography and urethrocystography. Treatment varies based on the location of the injury, with surgical intervention being crucial in complete tears. Prepubic urethral transposition with terminal anastomosis from the prostatic urethra to the penile urethra, although little used in veterinary medicine, presents benefits in male dogs, providing a new urinary path without significant aesthetic changes. The case report presents the successful application of this technique in a canine patient with rupture of the membranous urethra due to automobile trauma, aiming to establish an efficient urinary flow without complications and without compromising genital aesthetics.</p> Guilherme Lages Savassi Rocha Ívina Myrelle Santana Oliveira Waniele Rodrigues Terra Luciano Schneider da Silva Lívia de Paula Coelho Jordanna Afonso Mendes Ferreira Lia Palhano Rodrigues de Sales Carlos Eduardo Emídio da Silva Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-07 2024-02-07 22 2 e3116 e3116 10.55905/oelv22n2-033 Analysis of the nutritional profile of community residents riverside of the low Amazon mesoregion https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3117 <p>The Amazon riverside population is rich in natural resources, due to the enormous diversity of fish and fruits, which are sufficient components in the supply of nutrients such as micronutrients, protein and calories. However, due to factors risky behaviors, has shown a low quality of life compared to the average national. This is a descriptive study, with a quantitative approach, carried out through an interview with 53 residents of riverside communities located in the mesoregion of Lower Amazon. As a result, it is estimated that even the socioeconomic conditions of riverside populations are limited, the abundance of food extracted from the forest and watersheds extensive areas seem to supply the minimum conditions to inhabit the region, however it limits the improvement of their living conditions. This panorama is attenuated by the environment, whose variations seasonal factors influence the way of life, leading to the need for riverside dwellers to adapt to survive.</p> Ana Júlia de Aquino Queiroz Maria Rita Fialho do Nascimento Raissa Sousa de Oliveira Waldiney Pires Moraes Sheyla Mara Silva de Oliveira Franciane de Paula Fernandes Tatiane da Costa Quaresma Lívia de Aguiar Valentim Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-07 2024-02-07 22 2 e3117 e3117 10.55905/oelv22n2-034 Evaluation of technologies for oncology medicines: how value is assessed https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3118 <p>Pricing or understanding the value of a technology is a very complex activity, after all, valuation is a multidisciplinary activity. This activity is inserted in the broad context of science, technology and innovation, which requires knowledge of several tools. Therefore, this manuscript aims to answer which technology valuation models are applicable, in technology transfer, in the oncology drugs sector. To achieve success, a documentary study was carried out, mapping the main manuscripts focused on this topic. The research was carried out through surveys in the Scopus database and VOSviewer was used to formulate the citation network. It was concluded, in terms of results, that analytical methods are best applied to the proposed objective, it was also possible to understand that valuation is not a single process, but a set of criteria that allows the analyst to know the various methods and various possibilities application of methodologies in the context of technology transfer.</p> João Leandro Cássio de Oliveira Ana Paula Barros Silva Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-07 2024-02-07 22 2 e3118 e3118 10.55905/oelv22n2-035 File, memories, readers: document, time https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3119 <p>The present text is the fruit of research work in the archives of the writer Pedro Nava. The research deals with the relationship of the author memoralist from Minas Gerais with his readers, who passed on to writers and allowed themselves to give opinions and suggestions to the next Pedro Nava memoirs, and who contributed with their own memoirs. The documents will be analyzed from the point of view of the Aesthetics of Reception.</p> Cléa Moreira de Oliveira Cresta de Moraes Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-07 2024-02-07 22 2 e3119 e3119 10.55905/oelv22n2-036 Influence of nutrition on gestational diabetes in Brazil https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3120 <p>Nutritional screening can be preventive or therapeutic, helping to prevent and treat diseases related to eating habits or genetic conditions. In the context of gestational diabetes (DG), dietitian follow-up is essential to prevent insulin resistance from progressing to type 2 diabetes. The article also promotes the importance and risk that accompanies the presence or absence of the appropriate BMI, thus bringing a brief quote from Pedrini, we can assess in a concrete way the risk that accompanies your pregnancy if there is absence of more balanced eating habits. With this, the later development concludes the best approaches that should remain during and after pregnancy, exposing data and new sources so that everyone absorbs what is being exposed in the article. The following bibliographic review aims to discuss the importance of nutritional monitoring during pregnancy, especially in cases of DG. The article's methodology is based on a narrative bibliographic discussion, based on prospecting and selection of articles from 2016 to the present date. The research was carried out in a narrative-descriptive manner, with a qualitative analysis of the proposed theme. The theoretical basis of the work includes several sources, such as the Brazilian Ministry of Health, Mendes (2019), Government of the State of Bahia (2017), Lucena et al. (2021), among others. The promotion described is linked to the importance of nutritional therapy and its necessity during pregnancy for the treatment of gestational diabetes. The text presents two subsections of bibliographic review: one on the action of the nutritionist in prevention and nutritional therapy, and another on the action of the nutritionist in cases of DG in Brazil. The research in question allowed for a contemplation that the main influence of nutrition in the face of gestational diabetes in Brazil says about nutritional therapy as an important tool to prevent the DG from evolving to a diabetes mellitus in the woman during or after pregnancy.</p> Allana Thaís Mendonça Mota de Freitas Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-07 2024-02-07 22 2 e3120 e3120 10.55905/oelv22n2-037 Analysis of barriers related to the costs incident about the cargo transportation by cabotage https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3121 <p>Cabotage in Brazil, despite offering cost reductions for the transportation of large cargo quantities, has been underutilized. The country boasts an extensive coastline and a demographic distribution favorable to the use of coastal shipping as a means of cargo transportation. The research aimed to identify the main barriers related to costs affecting coastal shipping in Brazil. The methodology relied on bibliographic and documentary research, encompassing books, journals, official documents, reports, as well as government websites. Five barriers were identified: Barriers related to fleet depreciation and renewal costs; Operational cost barriers; Capacity-related costs of vessels; Initial kilometer cost barriers; and Intermodality cost barriers. The conducted study could contribute to enhancing decision-making regarding cargo transportation in the country, while also encouraging investment decisions and promoting coastal shipping.</p> Evanilton de Almeida Vivaldo Aldery Silveira Júnior Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-07 2024-02-07 22 2 e3121 e3121 10.55905/oelv22n2-038 Analysis of a logistics flow int the light of VSM 4.0: a case study of in a Distribution Center (DC) in Brazil https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3122 <p>This article presents an application of Value Stream Mapping 4.0 (VSM 4.0) developed by Meudt <em>et al</em>. (2017) in the detailed identification of activities in information flows in a logistics Distribution Center (DC). The order generation, order picking, checking, consignor checking, and shipping flows were mapped. The research method applied was a case study in a distribution center of a large Brazilian industry in the metallurgical sector that manufactures consumer goods for retail. In this practical application, the approach produced satisfactory results as it was possible to identify and measure the informational indicators of VSM 4.0: the digitization/automation rate (DR) was 9%, the data utilization (DU) rate was 0%, and data availability (DA) rate of 16%. From this data, it was possible to verify that the company does not have a proprietary information flow, making this information sparse and management difficult, as 84% of the information is manual, that is, without the use of digital media, with low ERP use. The practical applicability of VSM 4.0 was verified in a logistics environment where information flow is significant. Furthermore, we observed that VSM 4.0 could contribute to the identification of waste in operations management and provide information for digital transformation inflows and processes, which are so crucial for the migration to Industry 4.0.</p> Leonardo Lucas Paulos Chiká Fabiano de Lima Nunes Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-07 2024-02-07 22 2 e3122 e3122 10.55905/oelv22n2-039 Electrothermal modeling of lithium-ion batteries using an artificial intelligence technique-based approach for powerwall applications https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3136 <p>The Powerwall, an innovative home battery powered by solar energy, is gaining popularity in the United States and Australia due to its ability to provide complete power to homes and serve as a backup during electrical supply interruptions. Recently, lithium-ion (Li-ion) battery technology has received significant attention from the industry and academia, standing out for offering greater energy capacity, power density, efficiency, and lower self-discharge rate compared to other technologies such as NiCd and NiMH batteries. Initially, this research aimed to model the Li-ion cells of the Powerwall using the equivalent circuit model (ECM). However, a detailed review of the literature indicated that a data-based approach, employing Deep Learning (DL) techniques or deep neural networks, represents the state of the art in the field. DL, a subset of machine learning and part of Artificial Intelligence (AI), offers notable advantages over ECM, including: i) high precision in estimating the non-linear relationships between voltage, current, temperature, and hidden variables such as the State of Charge (SOC); ii) the ability of a single artificial neural network to model the behavior of a Li-ion cell across different temperature ranges (example: from 0°C to 40°C); and iii) overcoming the challenge of identifying ECM parameters. Therefore, with the advancement of the research, the objective was updated to investigate and develop DL models, specifically feed-forward neural networks, for estimating the SOC of lithium-ion batteries in Powerwalls. The results obtained focus on the precise estimation of the SOC of Li-ion cells, underlining the efficacy and innovation of this methodological approach.</p> Celso Antonio Paé Beckman Heloisa Theresa Teixeira Saliba Alexandre Barbosa de Lima Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-08 2024-02-08 22 2 e3136 e3136 10.55905/oelv22n2-040 Processed foods, nitrosamines, and increased risk of colorectal cancer https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3137 <p>Cancer, the second leading cause of death in Brazil, results from uncontrolled cell growth due to dietary choices or organic alterations affecting nutrition. Colorectal cancer affects the large intestine, manifesting as polyps that slowly develop on the intestinal wall, often associated with diets rich in red meats, processed foods, and saturated fats. A healthy diet, exercise, and a balanced lifestyle are fundamental preventive measures against cancer, emphasizing the importance of adopting healthy habits. This study aims to conduct a literature review to assess the relationship between the consumption of processed foods rich in nitrosamines and the development of colorectal cancer. This research involves a bibliographic review with searches in scientific databases such as Bireme, Lilacs, SciELO, PubMed, and Google Scholar covering the years from 2007 to 2017 with bibliographic updates between 2018 and 2023. Predominantly, articles focusing on cancer and antioxidants were highlighted in the review. From this review, it can be concluded that processed and convenience foods significantly contribute to various health complications due to their excessive amounts of salt and chemical additives. However, simple lifestyle modifications, such as adopting a balanced and adequate diet, avoiding the consumption of readily prepared products, along with regular physical activity, can significantly improve overall quality of life and health.</p> Maiara Leticia Libâneo do Nascimento Nátalie Christine de Carvalho Ruivo Mércia Tancredo Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-08 2024-02-08 22 2 e3137 e3137 10.55905/oelv22n2-041 Ingestive behavior of beef calves on oat and ryegrass pasture intercropped with vetch at different seeding rates https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3138 <p>The use of winter forage plants constitutes a procedure that optimizes cattle production, particularly in the subtropical region of Brazil. Understanding the relationship between forage species and grazing cattle, as well as their behavior within the environment, becomes crucial for a more efficient use of the forage. Therefore, the objective was to evaluate the ingestive behavior of beef calves in intercropped pastures of black oats, ryegrass, and vetch. A randomized block design was employed, with three area replications. The treatments resulted from the combination of ryegrass, black oats, and 0, 20, and 40 kg of vetch seed/ha. Twenty-seven Brangus calves kept under continuous grazing with variable stocking rates were used. Three daytime assessments of ingestive behavior were conducted. The forage systems did not influence the time spent on grazing, rumination, and other activities (P&gt;0.05). However, as the grazing cycle progressed, the calves spent more time grazing and less time on other activities. The introduction of vetch into the forage mixture increased both the time and the number of chews during rumination (P&lt;0.05). Towards the end of the grazing cycle, the calves needed to visit more feeding stations per minute and have a higher bite rate. Calves that grazed in higher vetch densities exhibited a greater number of steps between feeding stations, but only during the second period. The inclusion of vetch in conjunction with grasses only modifies the rumination patterns of calves, while the advancement of the phenological stage of the pasture leads to more evident changes in the ingestive behavior of grazing calves.</p> Vitória Castro Vieira Isaías de Oliveira Borges Igor Pinto Jaques Lucas Alves Visca Moutinho João Pedro da Luz Maciel da Costa Alain Gloger dos Santos Filho Andrio Franco Alves Silva Diego Soares Machado Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-08 2024-02-08 22 2 e3138 e3138 10.55905/oelv22n2-042 Rural credit for aquaculture: the development of the activity with resources from the plano safra (literature review) https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3139 <p>Among the available proteins, fish is the most consumed on the planet, with ample space for negotiations in the world. In this sense, aquaculture represents a possibility to meet the growing world demand for food and has presented successive expansion in its annual production. In Brazil, the growth of aquaculture production still does not follow the rest of the world, despite its potential due to water availability and favorable climate. The objective of the study is to analyze the possibilities of promotion for the development, technological modernization and expansion of aquaculture in the country from resources coming from the Safra Plan. The methodology is a bibliographical review, based on the analysis of articles, scientific works and official databases of the Federal Government, to verify if the resources made available by the Safra Plan to finance aquaculture have enabled the growth of production of this activity. of cultivation in the country. The results indicate that the granting of credit has increased for aquaculture and fishing, in the same way, there have been advances in production in the sector. However, this policy of financial incentive to the aquaculture sector must be associated with other initiatives to increase the participation of fish in the market.</p> Kesley Cássio Dias Guimarães Guilherme Wolff Bueno Jaim José da Silva Júnior Ana Maria Resende Junqueira Thiago Dias Trombeta Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-08 2024-02-08 22 2 e3139 e3139 10.55905/oelv22n2-043 Learning narratives: the paths of adults in short-term higher education https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3140 <p>This article presents an outline of the research work carried out on the formation in the Higher Courses of Technology (CST) in relation to the search for graduation from the perspective of students entering the CST/Gastronomy of a private college in the city of São Paulo. This text aims to identify the motivations for entering the CST in emerging contexts and to answer the question about the needs of the learner for professional qualification. The research methodology adopted was qualitative in nature and investigative in the narrative mode. As a result, the discussion of learning is established from the student point of view, respecting the human formation of individuals in the search for an education that constitutes a socially inclusive process.</p> Cristhiane Lopes Borrego Adriana Barroso de Azevedo Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-08 2024-02-08 22 2 e3140 e3140 10.55905/oelv22n2-044 Text plan and argumentative orientation in the opinion article genre of the selection process of a Federal Institute https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3141 <p>The main objective of this work is to analyze the opinion article genre produced in the selection process of a Federal Institute. Surely, when analyzing the examples of these textual productions with a focus on argumentative orientation, the research allows us to weave reflections on writing in Basic Education. To do so, we focus on studies that deal with textual, linguistic and enunciative aspects of argumentation, anchored, above all, on Textual Analysis of Discourses, bearing in mind theoretical assumptions concerning the text plan and linguistic marks, important aspects in understanding of written production. Methodologically, the research has a qualitative approach, and the corpus consists of a prototypical composition of the selection exam. The results confirm the importance of the teaching process and the school as spaces for the development of argumentative action in the most varied discursive practices. Regarding the text plan, we observed the influence of the ENEM writing, mainly, in the conclusion of the analyzed text, considering that the strategy is the inclusion of the thesis resumption and the intervention proposals, in general.</p> Célia Maria de Medeiros Emiliana Souza Soares Ingrid Isabel Santos Pereira Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-08 2024-02-08 22 2 e3141 e3141 10.55905/oelv22n2-045 The teaching electromagnetism using digital technologies https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3142 <p>The Physics of Electromagnetism began in ancient Greece and after centuries the studies of Electricity and Magnetism became unified. Although Electromagnetism is present in the curricular components of Brazilian education and in the daily lives of students, the difficulties that students have in assimilating the basic concepts related to this topic are notable. In this context, a didactic and practical mini-course was proposed where Digital Information and Communication Technologies (DICT) were used, conveniently to teach students some concepts of Electromagnetism. During the activity, two questionnaires were administered, one before the mini-course and the other after it. The first composed of seven questions (objective and discursive) aimed to obtain students' prior knowledge in relation to Electromagnetism. The second questionnaire consisted of four questions, three of which were paired with questions from the first questionnaire. It was applied with the aim of evaluating whether the mini-course carried out favored student learning, thus revealing possible signs of significant learning. The post-questionnaire also presented a discursive question that asked students' opinions about the mini-course developed based on DICT. This research can be characterized as qualitative and quantitative and from the data analysis, it was noticed that the activities developed with high school students favored their learning as observed in the best results revealed in the post-questionnaire. It is concluded that the use of DICT should be encouraged in schools, as they constitute tools that alleviate difficulties and help students learn.</p> Letícia Tamara Cunha e Silva Edson Peixoto de Oliveira Ruan Moreira de Souza Arilson Paganotti Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-08 2024-02-08 22 2 e3142 e3142 10.55905/oelv22n2-046 Carcass ultrasonography for the evaluation of meat quality of senepol beef https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3143 <p>With the aim of improving meat production, livestock farmers have adopted technologies and selected quality animals, increasing the efficiency of livestock farming. In this context, ultrasound has proven to be a promising tool for selecting quality carcasses, as it is a non-invasive, fast and accurate technique that can be performed at different points on the animal's body. This technique consists of emitting high-frequency sound waves that, when penetrating the animal's tissue, generate real-time images of the internal structure of the carcass. These images make it possible to evaluate the thickness of subcutaneous fat, size and shape of the muscles, marbling and other important characteristics for the selection of animals with quality carcasses. In the specific case of the Senepol breed, the use of ultrasound to select meat animals has improved production, quality and competitiveness. This breed is known for its high-quality meat, and selecting animals using ultrasound can help maintain this characteristic, in addition to ensuring greater production efficiency. In view of the above, this study aimed to evaluate the characteristics and quality of carcasses of Senepol breed animals, in which the parameters of body structure measurements were evaluated; WEIGHT; AOL; AOL/100; RATI; SEA; EGS; EGS/100; PICANHA, using carcass ultrasound as an evaluation method and strengthening the importance of its use in livestock farming.</p> Jairo Camargo Jorge Junior Silter Aparecido de Oliveira Fadel Nancy de Freitas Fadel Letícia Peternelli da Silva Lucas Aparecido Gaion Paulo Cezar Novais Rodolfo Cláudio Spers Isabela Bazzo da Costa Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-08 2024-02-08 22 2 e3143 e3143 10.55905/oelv22n2-047 Hygroscopic behavior of noni leaf powder (Morinda citrifolia L.) obtained by drying in foam layer https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3144 <p>Studies on the ethnicbotanical aspect and properties of noni (Morinda citrifolia L.) reveal that noni leaves contain chemical compounds that are related to antibacterial, antioxidant, antiviral, antifungal, antitumor, anthelmintic, analgesic, inflammatory, hypotensive and immunostimulating, among these compounds are, for example, flavanoid glycosides. The drying process is, in turn, used as a way of preserving perishable products, such as plants, due to the removal of water available for microbial deterioration, keeping the properties of the material preserved. For proper storage and increasing the shelf life of the powder obtained after the drying process, it is important to know the adsorption isotherms. This study aims to survey the adsorption isotherms of powders obtained from noni leaves. The powders to be analyzed were obtained through the foam layer drying process in the maximum, minimum and central factorials of the complete experimental planning of previously carried out studies. For the mathematical adjustment of the obtained isotherms, three different mathematical models from the literature were tested, based on experimental moisture adsorption data, for non-linear regression analysis, using the Gauss-Newton and Levenberg-Marquardt methods. The isosteric heat of the powders was also calculated to understand the behavior of the adsorbed phase with temperature variation, in addition to the affinity between adsorbate and adsorbent. The noni leaf powder showed high hygroscopicity, ranging from 0.098 to 0.969 and the Oswin model was the one that best represented empirical adjustments describing the process. The isotherms were classified as Brunauer Type III. It was also possible to infer that the energy required to remove water present in the noni leaf powder decreases with increasing equilibrium humidity.</p> Ynis Thaciane Felix da Silva Josilene de Assis Cavalcante Melânia Lopes Cornélio Bárbara Freire de Oliveira Ana Carolina Nóbrega Leite Geniellen Maria Paiva Costa de Melo Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-08 2024-02-08 22 2 e3144 e3144 10.55905/oelv22n2-048 Impact of defoliation at the reproductive stage in different leaves of the soybean plant https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3145 <p>Inadequate phytosanitary management can cause a significant reduction in the leaf area of soybean, which directly impacts its yield. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of defoliation in the lower, middle and upper leaves of the canopy, at three reproductive stages, on soybean yield, as a tool for improving phytosanitary management. The design was randomized blocks in 3x3+1 factorial scheme, with 4 replicates. The 10 treatments resulted from the combination of 3 defoliation positions on the plant (lower, middle and upper leaves) and 3 phenological stages of the crop (R1, R3 and R5), in addition to a control without defoliation. Morphological and production components and grain yield were evaluated. The data were subjected to analysis of variance and, when a significant difference was identified, the means were subjected to the Dunnett test. It was observed that plants showed a reduction in height in treatments with defoliation in the upper leaves at R1 and R3 stages. For the variables thousand-grain weight and grain yield there was difference only when defoliation was performed at the R5 stage in the upper leaves, resulting in a 16.6% loss in grain yield compared to the control. The soybean crop tolerates a defoliation level of 33.3% up to the R4 stage, in any of the leaves, without significant reduction in grain yield. Upper leaves, from the R5 stage, should be prioritized in the applications of phytosanitary products, which aim to reduce the damage caused by defoliation.</p> Victor Augusto da Costa Escarela Aracy Camilla Tardin Pinheiro Bezerra Thiago Lopes Silva Júlio Cezar Batista dos Santos Luciana Celeste Carneiro Deivid Lopes Machado Cláudio Hideo Martins da Costa Simério Carlos Silva Cruz Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-08 2024-02-08 22 2 e3145 e3145 10.55905/oelv22n2-049 Evaluation of chickpea genotypes in Cerrado conditions in the South of the state of Tocantins https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3150 <p>The chickpeas (<em>Cicer arietinum</em> L.) has potential for cultivation in the Brazilian cerrado region, its sowing supplies both the domestic market and exports, bringing benefits to the economy. In this context, the objective of this study was to evaluate morphophysiological and yield parameters in six genotypes of chickpeas with different genetic basis, which make it possible to select materials suitable for commercial cultivation under the conditions of the cerrado in the south of the state of Tocantins. Six treatments were used to carry out the experiment, each one characterized by one of the following: BRS Cícero; BRS Aleppo; BRS Khalifa; BRS Cristalino; Jamu 96 and BRS Toro. To define the best genotypes, morphophysiological characteristics of the crop were evaluated, namely: grain yield, weight of a thousand grains, plant height, number of days until flowering, number of days until maturation, chlorophyll a and b index, internal concentration of CO<sub>2</sub>, photosynthesis, stomatal conductance and transpiration. The cultivation of chickpeas in the cerrado is viable for the region. The Jamu 96 genotype stands out among the others, in the main morphophysiological characteristics, being the one that obtained the highest production averages. The genotypes BRS Cícero, BRS Aleppo and BRS Khalifa showed potential for improvement in production, due to their thousand-grain weight being similar to Jamu 96, making evident the need for genetic improvement in order to obtain genotypes more adapted to the soil and climate conditions of southern Brazil. Tocantins, making them more adapted to the region and thus increasing the production potential.</p> Rodrigo Ribeiro Fidelis Danilo Alves Veloso Millena Barreira Lopes Paulo Henrique Cavazzini Luiza Borges Aguiar Coelho Hingrid Rodrigues Martins Aguiar Layzza Cardoso Barros Shângela Mikaelly Brito Ferreira Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-08 2024-02-08 22 2 e3150 e3150 10.55905/oelv22n2-050 Data analysis as a digital competence for information technology professionals: implementation and use of business intelligence https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3146 <p>Competitiveness in the business market is becoming increasingly strong due to the constant advancement of technology, which makes it necessary to search for positive results and the systematization of processes, in such a situation, new opportunities arise in which it is possible to extract the maximum potential of all data obtained in a systemic way, applying the concepts of data analysis based on business intelligence. This research aims to present the main methodologies and tools used to perform in-depth data analysis, exploring and defining the use of the concepts of data warehouse, data marts, OLAP, data mining, ETL, business analytics and also business intelligence tools. With the aim of demonstrating the importance of such concepts as a digital competence to IT professionals and also to support decision-making in organizations, so that an understanding on the aforementioned subject becomes possible. You will also be able to understand how data analysis along with all the other concepts mentioned impact on the life of a company, helping in the definition of strategies, the assembly of plans and especially in decision making.</p> Rommel Gabriel Gonçalves Ramos André Augusto de Oliveira Anderson Ferreira de Souza Daniel Couto Gatti Estefânia Portomeo Cançado Lemos Hugo Marques da Silva Erick Quintino dos Santos Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-08 2024-02-08 22 2 e3146 e3146 10.55905/oelv22n2-051 The legal consistency of the presidential veto on the categorizing of the crime of murder proposed in the anti-crime package https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3147 <p>This article aims to analyze the causes of the presidential veto of Section VIII, proposed by bill 882/2019, whose purpose is to include the qualifier of the use of a firearm restricted or prohibited to the crime of murder. The veto is based on a violation of the principles of proportionality and legal certainty, leaving public security officers at a disadvantage if the above qualifier is approved, since restricted weapons are more vulnerable and, in most cases, handled by this type of professional. The procedure used is the qualitative method, through bibliographic and documentary research. Consequently, the conclusion reached is that the legal arguments used to seal the advertised inciso were inconsistent.</p> Neumalyna Lacerda Alves Dantas Marinho Sidney Gomes da Rocha Júnior Sidney Gomes da Rocha Luanna Dávila de Medeiros Amorim Danielle Marinho Brasil Jaciara de Medeiros Alves Lucena Brandão Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-08 2024-02-08 22 2 e3147 e3147 10.55905/oelv22n2-052 Preparation and physical-chemical characterization of cashew raisins in a low-cost solar dryer https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3148 <p>Cashew is a very consumed fruit due to its sensory characteristics and because it is a fruit rich in vitamin C. Due to the high rate of perishability and losses in production, techniques are sought to increase the shelf life of the product, minimizing these losses. Among these techniques we have osmotic dehydration and drying. The objective of this work was to dry the cashew apple, previously osmotically dehydrated, in a solar dryer and to evaluate its efficiency by comparing it with the oven, through the construction of kinetic curves of drying and evaluation of the dehydrated product. Thus, sliced ​​cashew apples were osmotically dehydrated in syrups with 40 and 50 ºBrix, at 30ºC, followed by solar drying using a solar dryer with air circulation and an oven with air circulation with average temperature obtained in the solar dryer. The osmotic dehydration process was evaluated through weight loss, moisture loss and solid incorporation. An analysis of the physical and physical-chemical characteristics (pH, soluble solids, titratable acidity, vitamin C and color) of cashew nuts “in natura” and dried was carried out. Furthermore, the experimental data were fitted to the Page, Logarithm and Midili models. The Midili model was the one that best represented the drying kinetics, the solar dryer showed a shorter drying time and a higher value of ascorbic acid, being a low-cost alternative that delivers a quality product.</p> Thaís Almeida Cordeiro de Melo Itamara Rayanny Bessa de Carvalho Bruno Emanuel Souza Coelho Karla dos Santos Melo de Sousa Neiton Silva Machado Wiltemberg de Brito Pereira Amon Rafael de Macedo Laurenielle Ferreira Moraes da Silva Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-08 2024-02-08 22 2 e3148 e3148 10.55905/oelv22n2-053 Active methodologies in textbooks for teaching the mother language https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3149 <p>This research aims at undertaking a discursive-interpretive analysis of the way in which language teaching textbooks give visibility to methodologies, in order to track possible signs of active methodologies. The theoretical-methodological framework of this research is the discursive-deconstructive perspective (CORACINI, 2011; DIAS, 2016), guided by discourse theories (mainly based on Foucault), Derridean deconstruction, and Lacanian psychoanalysis. With the problematization being engendered, we expect critical-reflexive stances to be taken by users of language teaching textbooks, academic researchers and the scientific community, so that they can question and relativize what seems to be established as naturalized truth.</p> Silvelena Cosmo Dias Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-08 2024-02-08 22 2 e3149 e3149 10.55905/oelv22n2-054 Education, skills and the labor market: discursive functioning https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3151 <p>Society structurally associates physical disability with inability and even disability, a prejudice that arises solely because of deviation from standards defined as “normal.” What is initially visible is the pseudo-fit between body and functionality, that is, the ability of the physical body to perform activities that are considered normal in a society that values production - speed, investment in quality, performance. However, the present study attempted to examine bibliographically in the light of discourse analysis the relationship between subject - education - labor market, with the discursive relationships about ability discrimination serving as cornerstones that reproduce the imaginary about lack, disability, whether physical or not. An important discursive functioning between education and the labor market can be observed in the conditions of the daily production of a person with a disability, who is excluded from the social environment, is constituted as a subject because of the disability and suffers silence about what goes beyond it Disability, that is, attributes such as competence are disregarded through the practice of structural prejudice. Therefore, this article will provide within its pages possible answers to the question: what is the relationship between education, the labor market and the constitution of the subject, given the functioning of a society that reproduces ableist discourse?</p> Diego Henrique Pereira Lucas Gambogi Antunes Letícia Souza Santos Silva Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-08 2024-02-08 22 2 e3151 e3151 10.55905/oelv22n2-055 Psychopedagogy and literacy in hospital settings: a review study https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3152 <p>The purpose of this paper is to study the work of the hospital psychopedagogue, and to see if this work is relevant to the field of education and to our society. The aim was to propose, by means of a review study, a reflexive analysis by consulting works, research and academic articles, and with the collaboration of various authors and scholars who research the work of the psychopedagogue in hospital environments in the institutional dimension by providing support to teachers in Hospital Classes and in the clinical dimension by offering preventive or interventional support to hospitalized children in the literacy phase who are away from so-called conventional schools. This is theoretically based, among others, on Blaszko and Portilho (2021), Favoretto (2023) and PÉREZ SOLÍS (2011). The results obtained from this study and through the perception of the authors visited indicated that the work of the psychopedagogue in hospital environments with the teachers of the Hospital Classes is positive and relevant, as well as with the children who are in the process of acquiring writing and reading and because they are in the hospitalization phase cannot attend the so-called conventional school, ratifying its relevance for education and for our society.</p> Irlaine Favoretto Cinthia da Rocha Azevedo Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-08 2024-02-08 22 2 e3152 e3152 10.55905/oelv22n2-056 Sampling sufficiency to estimate the mean productive traits of buckwheat https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3153 <p>The objective of this work was to determine the sample size (number of plants) necessary to estimate the mean productive traits of buckwheat (<em>Fagopyrum esculentum</em>), cultivars IPR91-Baili and IPR92-Altar, in the vegetative and flowering stages of the crop. Twenty-one uniformity trials were conducted for each cultivar (IPR91-Baili and IPR92-Altar). Six productive traits (leaf fresh matter, stem fresh matter, shoot fresh matter, leaf dry matter, stem dry matter and shoot dry matter) were evaluated in 2280 plants of each cultivar (IPR91-Baili and IPR92-Altar). Kolmogorov-Smirnov normality test was performed. Measures of central tendency, variability and skewness and were calculated. The sample size was calculated to estimate the mean for six traits, with estimation errors (semi-amplitudes of the 95% confidence interval) equal to 5%, 10%, 15% and 20% of the mean. There is variability in sample size between productive traits, cultivars and phenological stages of buckwheat. In an experiment to estimate the mean of these six traits of buckwheat, cultivars IPR91-Baili and IPR92-Altar, in the vegetative and flowering stages, with a maximum error of 20% of the mean at a 95% confidence interval, 80 plants per treatment are needed.</p> Daniela Barbieri Uliana Alberto Cargnelutti Filho Ismael Mario Márcio Neu Daniela Lixinski Silveira Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-08 2024-02-08 22 2 e3153 e3153 10.55905/oelv22n2-057 The presence of sustainability pillars in social impact businesses https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3154 <p>The present study addressed aspects of the three pillars of sustainability in Social Impact Businesses, with the purpose of evaluating the contributions of the economic, social, and environmental dimensions to this type of enterprise, and thus meeting the objective of consolidating them in the market. To this end, it resorted to the methodological support of the qualitative, descriptive, and bibliographic and documentary approach. The result obtained with the study suggests that the three dimensions of sustainability add value to Social Impact Businesses, since these enterprises, even though they operate according to market logic, contribute to improving the lives of the population and the environment. Additionally, through the products or services they offer, they fulfill their socio-environmental purpose, directly acting in compliance with the Sustainable Development Goals. From this perspective, the study aims to contribute to the solidification of Social Impact Businesses, serve as a basis for future research, and add knowledge to all those interested in the discussion of the topic.&nbsp;</p> Ana Flávia de Oliveira Cibele Roberta Sugara Denise Helena Lombardo Ferreira Duarcides Ferreira Mariosa Samuel Carvalho de Benedicto Orandi Mina Falsarella Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-08 2024-02-08 22 2 e3154 e3154 10.55905/oelv22n2-058 The detailed term reflects the power of the environmental police https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3155 <p>This article aims to analyze how the figure of the Detailed Term can be understood as a reflection of the power of environmental police, among the various instruments that the State has to guarantee the rights of the community in the face of the wishes of the individual. In the same way, it is sought to understand how the Police Power functions, its precedents and why it is used by the State to prohibit actions or curb conduct of individuals, mainly in relation to the environment and its need for constitutional protection. In addition to understanding how the term works, what are its precedents and the way it is used for environmental protection, the same as the Police Inquiry and the Arrest Warrant. The hypothetical deductive research method brings two hypotheses about the feasibility or otherwise of considering the term as an instrument or reflection of the power of environmental police, when it comes to the offenses of lesser offensive potential environmental, besides the exploratory bias, mainly by the bibliographic conceptual review and the legislation applied. With this, it is possible to have a philosophical vision referring to the importance that the power of the environmental police has to protect a fundamental right guaranteeing by the Federal Constitution the right to a balanced environment, and how this power of the police is reflected in the preventive and repressive actions of the State. Accordingly, the objetive of the research is achieved by instigating reflection on the theme and showing that no matter how much the Detailed Term is a relatively new instrument and that it still faces legal debates about its constitutionality, it has unparalleled importance for environmental protection as a reflection of the power of the police. Thus, one can understand that when one analyzes the protection of environmental rights, there is the foresight of coercive acts of the state (police power), both to prevent and to repress conduct that harms the environment, so one cannot disconnect the Detailed Term as an instrument of this police power of the State, since it has the same effects, within its forecast and proportionality, as the Police Investigation and the Arrest Report in Flagrante Delito.</p> Jean Pedro Horszczaruk Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-08 2024-02-08 22 2 e3155 e3155 10.55905/oelv22n2-059 Nutritional, socioeconomic and health profile of elderly people attended at a nutrition school clinic in Southern Brazil https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3157 <p>The objective of this research is to characterize the elderly population attended at a Nutrition Clinic School and to relate anthropometric, socioeconomic, comorbidities, lifestyle and eating habits variables. Retrospective cross-sectional study with alysis of secondary data, carried out by surveying data contained in the medical records of non-institutionalized elderly attended at a Clinical School of Nutrition belonging to the State University of the Midwest, in the city of Guarapuava-PR. Sociodemographic, economic and health variables were collected. In addition, the food consumption of the population in question was analyzed using 24-hour recalls and compared with there commendations. A total of 122 elderly people with a mean age of 65.9 ± 5.3 years participated in the study. An association was found between overweight and the presence of chronic diseases (p&lt;0.001) and education (p&lt;0.001). Most (77.9%) of the elderly attended were classified as overweight, of which 83.2% had diabetes mellitus and/or arterial hypertension. Regarding food consumption, inadequate consumption of dietary fiber, sodium and calcium was found. It was verified that the majority of elderly people with excess weight had diabetes mellitus and/or arterial hypertension and had low levels of education. It was observed that the consumption of fibers, vitamin A and sodium were inadequate.</p> Ana Julia Camargo Brito Ana Carla Piasecki da Costa Camila Dallazen Nancy Sayuri Uchida Marcela Komechen Brecailo Angélica Rocha de Freitas Melhem Bárbara Mendes Paz Chao Catiuscie Cabreira da Silva Tortorella Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-08 2024-02-08 22 2 e3157 e3157 10.55905/oelv22n2-060 Volatile organic components as Covid-19 biomarkers: a systematic review https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3158 <p>In March 2020, the WHO declared the novel Coronavirus pandemic with 118,000 cases, 4.2 thousand deaths, and 114 affected countries. Amidst the absence of effective treatments and vaccines, scientists focused on diagnosing and preventing transmission. Pathogenic agent infections induce cellular behavior changes, crucial for developing diagnostic techniques. A systematic review, following PRISMA guidelines, investigated COVID-19 and volatile organic compound (VOC) biomarkers. From 35 selected articles, two main VOC detection approaches emerged: trained dogs and chemical-analytical tools with artificial intelligence. VOC detection proved comparable to the gold standard PCR test for COVID-19 diagnosis. While not a replacement, VOC detection complements PCR testing, offering a unique health approach. Overall, the review highlights the efficacy of VOC detection, especially in areas with limited PCR access. However, these techniques should supplement other preventive measures like mask-wearing, social distancing, and hand hygiene.</p> Lucas Vinnicio de Araújo Santana Marcelo Weinstein Teixeira Mariza Brandão Palma Anísio Francisco Soares Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-08 2024-02-08 22 2 e3158 e3158 10.55905/oelv22n2-061 Psychological exam in the CFSD PM/PB/BM selection – 2023 and the Impossibility of its eliminatory character https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3177 <p>The psychological examination, according to the admission process in the Training Course for Police Soldiers and Military Firefighters of the State of Paraíba, Notice 2023, is, inappropriately, an eliminatory phase, which is what is intended to be demonstrated due to the investigations, premises and conclusions presented to from the present study.</p> Ricardo Nascimento Fernandes Ana Paula Gouveia Leite Fernandes Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-14 2024-02-14 22 2 e3177 e3177 10.55905/oelv22n2-062 Diagnostic approach of hydrocephaly in Shih-Tzu dogs - case report https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3178 <p>The objective of this study was to describe the use of complementary imaging tests to aid diagnosis in cases of hydrocephalus in the canine species. A female canine, of the Shih-Tzu breed, approximately three months old, weighing 2 kg, was seen at the Unicentro veterinary school clinic, with the main complaint of not playing and not responding to auditory or visual stimuli. The patient had pain when palpated in the cranial region, as well as pain in the topography of the cervical spine. The animal was sent for imaging exam. On radiographic examination, an enlarged skull was observed with soft tissue radiopacity in the frontal bone area, associated with bone discontinuity in the anatomical topography of the frontal fontanelles. On transcranial ultrasound, anechoic areas located inside the brain were detected, as well as an increase in the dimensions of the lateral ventricles filled with anechoic content. The report was indicative of hydrocephalus. The present study showed the effectiveness of transcranial ultrasound examination and cranial radiographic examination in diagnosing hydrocephalus. Being an alternative to veterinarians, since computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging are high-cost exams and these methods are often unavailable, depending on the region.</p> Eloara Giovanna Aguiar Bonassoli de Oliveira Martins Monalisa Tazinasso Barbara Dala Rosa Bianco Beatriz Macieira Lopes Guilherme Martins Boeira Juliane Bárbara Teixeira Luciana do Amaral Oliveira Carla Fredrichsen Moya Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-14 2024-02-14 22 2 e3178 e3178 10.55905/oelv22n2-063 Electroconductometer via Arduino for measurement in aqueous suspensions https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3179 <p>Real-time electroconductivity monitoring is important in several industry instances. However, this monitoring in aqueous solutions or suspensions (e.g. mineral slurries), applying direct current, is problematic due to electrode polarization, which is the accumulation of ions at the electrode-solution interface. In this study, a low-cost circuit developed is based on Arduino, allowing real-time measurement. It has annular electrodes and operates at a frequency of 1.0 kHz, simulating an alternating current signal, in order to diminish the deleterious effect of interfacial polarization and electrolysis on the electrodes. Through calibration using standard KCl solutions, a measurement range of 0.002 S/m to 1,000 S/m was obtained with good accuracy and precision. Its use is exemplified here by predicting the porosity of suspended binary granular systems.</p> Jorge Carlos Guerrero Vargas José Aurélio Medeiros da Luz Alan Kardek Rêgo Segundo Felipe de Orquiza Milhomem Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-14 2024-02-14 22 2 e3179 e3179 10.55905/oelv22n2-064 Nutritional and cooking quality of grains from different commercial classes of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp.) https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3180 <p>Cowpea (<em>Vigna unguiculata</em> L. Walp.) is a crop of great socioeconomic importance in the Northeast region of Brazil, being a generator of employment and income for thousands of people and a source of proteins, minerals, diet fibers and bioactive compounds, which help in the prevention of various diseases. This work aimed to evaluate the nutritional and cooking quality of grains from different commercial classes of cowpea. Raw and cooked grains from 10 cowpea genotypes were evaluated. The proximate composition and total energy value (TEV) were determined, according to AOAC; iron (Fe), zinc (Zn) and selenium (Se) contents, by ICP-OES; phytic acid content by method 986.11 AOAC; and cooking quality, using an electric pressure cooker and Matsson cooker. The nutritional and cooking quality index (IQNC) was estimated, considering proteins, Fe, Zn, Se, and cooking quality as positive characteristics and the phytic acid content as a negative characteristic. Genotype means were grouped using the Scott-Knott test (p&lt;0.05) and raw and cooked grains using Student's <em>t</em> test (p&lt;0.05). There were significant differences between genotypes for all traits except for proteins and carbohydrates in raw grains. Cooking increased protein content in genotypes IT97KD-1042 and BRS Olhonegro, and Zn, in all genotypes, and reduced phytic acid by 10.43 to 30.64%. Cooking quality was greater than 52% for all genotypes. The cultivars BRS Tumucumaque, BRS Imponente and BRS Olhonegro, both belonging to the white commercial class, highlighted with the highest IQNC. These cultivars can be used in programs aimed at combating malnutrition and confirm the nutritional value of cowpea and the quality contribution it can provide when included in a balanced diet.</p> Ennya Cristina Pereira dos Santos Duarte Regilda Saraiva dos Reis Moreira-Araújo Luis José Duarte Franco Kaesel Jackson Damasceno-Silva Maurisrael de Moura Rocha Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-14 2024-02-14 22 2 e3180 e3180 10.55905/oelv22n2-065 Caffeine crystallization optimization and kinetics https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3181 <p>Caffeine is widely used in the chemical, food and pharmaceutical industries. Understanding their behavior during crystallization processes is of fundamental importance to elucidate the dynamics of crystalline growth. In this context, the present study aimed to investigate the variables that influence crystallization by reducing the temperature in saturated caffeine solutions, following the evolution of crystals during the aqueous crystallization phase. To achieve this purpose, a Central Composite Planning (PCC) was conducted with 18 experiments, in which supersaturation, agitation and crystallization time were analyzed in relation to the yield of the caffeine mass. The growth kinetics of the crystals were evaluated by quantifying the mass of the crystals and the concentration of the solution, as well as observing growth under an optical microscope. The average yield obtained at crystallization was 285.6%, and it is evident that the agitation exerted the greatest influence on the process yield, followed by supersaturation, while the crystallization time proved less significant. The responses indicated a crystalline growth of the seeds added in all the experiments of the PCC. In terms of kinetics, experimental data were correlated using the method proposed by Mullin. The results showed an increase in the mass of the crystals throughout the operation, however, the characteristic dimension decreased due to the acicular geometry of the caffeine crystals, which favors the longitudinal breakdown of the latter</p> Ana Paula Silva Capuci Ana Carolina Borges Silva Ricardo Amâncio Malagoni Eloízio Júlio Ribeiro José Roberto Delalibera Finzer Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-14 2024-02-14 22 2 e3181 e3181 10.55905/oelv22n2-066 Morphological characterization of Cereus trigonodendron K.Schum. ex Vaupel (Cactácea), in a native population of the South-Western Amazon https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3182 <p class="MDPI17abstract" style="margin: 0cm; margin-bottom: .0001pt; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 12.0pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif;">The <em>Cereus trigonodendron</em> is a species of cactus native to the state of Rondônia (RO), occurring on rocky outcrops and with potential use in the gastronomic market. However, the lack of knowledge about the species becomes a hindrance to its commercial insertion. In the present study, the first characterization of the main morphological descriptors of flowers, fruits, spines, and cladodes or stem in a native population located in the Union Bandeirantes District (RO) is presented. Ten clumps were observed containing an average of 13.1 primary branches, ranging from 25-440cm, with an average of 200.75cm. The flowers, white, exceed an average of 20 cm in length and the mature fruits observed were reddish in color. Additional studies are necessary to explain the probable phenotypic plasticity of the fruits of this species.</span></p> Denival Rezende Quiterio Jaqueline de Martins Vasconcelos Rubiani de Cassia Pagotto Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-14 2024-02-14 22 2 e3182 e3182 10.55905/oelv22n2-067 Residential submarkets in traditional central areas: new spaces and property obsolescence in Recife https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3183 <p>The central areas of Brazilian cities have acquired an increasing importance in the dynamics of capitalist production of space, either through the construction of new real estate or through the ressemantization of old real estate. In Recife, the intensification of the production of residential real estate in the immediate surroundings of the historic sites listed over the decades of 2000 and 2010 has added, to the stock built up in the central area, real estate with typologies similar to those already practiced in other districts. The present paper shows how the real estate market of new residential properties - corresponding to contemporary consumer desires - and the used real estate market are articulated in order to unveil how the residential real estate submarkets are configured. The behaviors of the bidders and consumers, the means of disclosing the available properties, pricing, the strategies for comparing the available properties and the attributes praised by bidders and valued by consumers are substantially differentiated so that, even located in proximity condition, units can enter into different submarkets with their own operating mechanisms.</p> Iana Ludermir Bernardino Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-14 2024-02-14 22 2 e3183 e3183 10.55905/oelv22n2-068 Quality of life in rural work: an analysis of the ergonomics operator relationship in agricultural machines in the region Pampa Gaúcho https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3184 <p>The process of modernizing agriculture has resulted in the replacement of manual labor with machines. The mechanization of this sector, despite favoring increased production and efficiency, has led to consequences with environmental and social impacts. From a social perspective, the effects on the health and quality of life of workers stand out, as studies indicate that exposure to agricultural machinery can contribute to poorer health conditions for workers in this sector. Therefore, this present study aimed to investigate ergonomic factors related to the discomfort of agricultural machinery operators in the municipality of Dom Pedrito – RS. To achieve this, 75 tractor and combine operators from different rural properties in the municipality were interviewed using a set of open and closed-ended questions. The data were tabulated and analyzed through Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Frequency Analysis (FA). The research revealed that agricultural machinery has a significant impact on the health and comfort of workers during and after their work shifts.</p> Daniel Hanke Shirley Grazieli da Silva Nascimento Karen Teixeira Mariana Rockenback de Àvila Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-14 2024-02-14 22 2 e3184 e3184 10.55905/oelv22n2-069 Optimal variable state estimation of Dexterous Hand Master system via Kalman filter to control desing in space states https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3185 <p>This research aims to design an estimator via Kalman Filter design to estimate the system state variables Dexterous Hand Master, since in practice these are not available for measurement. The Kalman filter problem composes stage of the robust control LQG method, thus it can be stated that uncertainties, noises and disturbances in the system are considered in the controller project. Regarding the performance evaluation method of the controller, it was used the analysis in the time domain to an input to the ramp unit, analyzing settling time and steady-state error. In general, the estimator by Kalman filter designed accomplished his goal in the estimation of states, performing satisfactorily in accordance with the illustrations shown.</p> Ivanildo Silva Abreu Anderson Pablo Freitas Evangelista Henrique Mariano do Amaral Elder Abreu Júnior Cristovam Filho Dervalmar Rodrigues Teixeira Karllos Alexandre Sousa Pereira Danilo Furtado Veras Alan Jefferson Lima Aragão Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-14 2024-02-14 22 2 e3185 e3185 10.55905/oelv22n2-070 Mixed zeros inflated poisson model: an application in grape disease control https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3186 <p>Longitudinal data studies describe the behavior of a feature of observations over time through so-called mixed models, which bear this name because they contain fixed effects and random effects. Still, if many of the observations do not show such a characteristic, i.e., the amount of zeros observed is greater than expected, then we say that it is inflated data of zeros. This work aims to describe the applicability of a mixed zero inflated Poisson (ZIP) model to model the temporal progress of mildew (Plasmopara viticultura), which corresponds to fungal disease of the grape, more specifically in the cultivar BRS Vitória, and assess its tolerance for 6 different treatments. This is intended to evaluate the quality of the proposed model fit and to carry out tests comparing the treatment averages to point out which treatments are equally effective in the control of mildew, thus demonstrating the application of the mixed ZIP model in a real and significant problem. A mixed ZIP model was constructed based on methodologies found in the literature and for inference and estimation of the parameters the method of maximum likelihood was used. The results showed that the mixed ZIP model adjusted well to the data, and hypothesis testing for average pointed to equality in efficacy between some treatment groups, thus making it possible to obtain a treatment with fewer sprays within each group.</p> Rafaela Pereira Lucas Garcia Pedroso Luiz Carlos Matioli Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-14 2024-02-14 22 2 e3186 e3186 10.55905/oelv22n2-071 Development of a tool for teaching reactor calculation based on the PYTHON language https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3187 <p>The flexibilization of teaching with the use of computational tools, which enable students' cognitive gains, is relatively new in engineering education, however, it is gaining more and more space. The educational resources developed in this work are extremely relevant for learning, since most academics have extreme difficulties in mastering calculations and their interpretation. The reactor calculation discipline has a growing demand for the use of these resources and software is an effective resource for this proposal. In this sense, a programming language was used in PYTHON Software, which has general use, from entertainment to scientific such as Artificial Intelligence - AI. The language developed aimed to size chemical reactors and optimize response time to a problem situation. The source code was structured so that the user can interact in order to facilitate the insertion of the parameters that characterize each reactor. With this, not only the executable program, but also the step-by-step programming was made available to academics, to serve as teaching material to support teaching. As a result, students were satisfied with using the software, with 75% of them stating that using this tool was very intuitive, dynamic and that it was a user-friendly platform.</p> André Luís de Lima Moraes Mônica Camila Ferreira Moreira Mayra Samilly da Silva Barreto João Antônio Pessoa da Silva Ailton Freitas Balieiro Ferreira Manoel Rodrigues da Silva Elaine Cristina Brito Pinheiro Marcos Danilo Costa de Almeida Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-14 2024-02-14 22 2 e3187 e3187 10.55905/oelv22n2-072 The implications of competitive dialogue for the Brazilian public administration https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3188 <p>Competitive dialogue, introduced in Brazil by Law No. 14,133/2021, represents a bidding modality that allows for negotiation between the public administration and bidders, aiming to achieve the best technical and economic solution for the contracted object. This approach can foster innovation, creativity, and efficiency in the procurement of complex works and services, promoting transparency, equality, and competitiveness among bidders. However, it poses challenges, such as the possibility of manipulation and increased administrative costs. The article in question analyzes the purposes of competitive dialogue, seeking more democratic and efficient administrative decisions, highlighting the associated benefits and challenges, including the need for training of public servants and the definition of clear and objective criteria for choosing the best proposal.</p> José Laécio Cardoso Cajazeiras Jean Yuri de Sousa Freitas José Newton Pires Reis Marcos Paulo Mesquita da Cruz Ivan de Oliveira Holanda Filho Moisés Dias Gomes de Asevedo Leopoldina Braga Alves Antônio Mauro de Souza Uchôa Júnior Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-14 2024-02-14 22 2 e3188 e3188 10.55905/oelv22n2-073 Surveys of work in events in the area of chemistry teaching and science related to the theme domestic water quality https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3189 <p>This article was constructed from a bibliographic survey carried out during the professional master's course in the Graduate Program in Science and Mathematics Teaching (IEMCI-UFPA). The aim is to analyze the work already published on the topic of domestic water quality with a theme for the teaching of mixture separation processes. This review followed as its main criterion the bibliographic analysis of works published in national events of great relevance for the area of Science Teaching and Chemistry, delimited in a certain temporal clipping. Based on the analysis collected with the survey, it was possible to trace relevant paths for research to seek to contribute to academic production, in order to bring new reflections on the use of the theme focused on citizen education.</p> Nixon José da Silva Reis Junior Elenton Oliveira de Souza Jaqueline de Aguiar Braga Valdinaldo Lobato Pamplona Valber Márcio de Argolo Melo David Gentil de Oliveira Jurandy das Chagas Lima Heverton Silva de Oliveira Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-14 2024-02-14 22 2 e3189 e3189 10.55905/oelv22n2-074 Resistance training as a treatment for chagasic patients: an integrative review https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3190 <p>In the realm of a meticulously delineated scientific investigation, titled "Resistance Training as Treatment in Chagasic Patients: An Integrative Review," an academic exploration journey was undertaken with the purpose of elucidating the therapeutic potential of resistance training in individuals tormented by Chagas disease. The inquiry was propelled by the desire to discern the effects of this type of exercise on the characteristic inflammatory markers of the chagasic affliction and assess its viability as a therapeutic modality. The objective was, therefore, to unveil the underlying mechanisms by which resistance training could influence such inflammatory markers and, consequently, improve the quality of life of patients afflicted by the said pathology. To achieve this desideratum, a methodology based on an integrative review of the literature was adopted, endeavoring an exhaustive analysis of pre-existing studies, without, however, incorporating case studies into the research. The results of this profound bibliographic investigation revealed that resistance training emerges as a promising approach in the treatment of chagasic patients, boasting the capacity to attenuate inflammatory markers and, simultaneously, increase physical and psychosocial health. It was found that this exercise modality not only alleviates the physical symptoms of the disease but also strengthens mental health, promotes psychological well-being, and fosters the social inclusion of patients. In conclusion, therefore, the employed methodology was effective in achieving the proposed objectives, allowing a deepened understanding of the benefits of resistance training in patients with Chagas disease. This integrative review not only contributes significantly to the existing literature but also opens paths for future research and practical applications in the field of health and rehabilitation.</p> Dayana Nanami Feio Okada Elem Cristina Rodrigues Chaves José Robertto Zaffalon Júnior Higson Rodrigues Coelho Smayk Barbosa Sousa Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-14 2024-02-14 22 2 e3190 e3190 10.55905/oelv22n2-075 Optimization of gluten-free cookie cookies, chocolate flavor, made with different flours using experimental mixture planning https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3191 <p>The use of different food matrices can influence the physical properties of the products. In this scenario, the objective was to develop gluten-free cookies, chocolate flavor, made with cocoa bran (FC), rice flour (FA) and corn starch (AM), using the simplex centroid design. Nine tests and seven formulations were developed, using simplex centroid type mixture planning, namely: F1 - 100% FC; F2 – 100% FA; F3 – 100% AM; F4 – 50% HR and 50% FA; F5 – 50% FA and 50% AM; F6 – 50% FC and 50% AM and F7 – 33.33% of each flour; the latter being carried out in triplicate. To characterize the cookies, the average values of mass (g), diameter (mm), thickness before and after baking (mm) and expansion factor (mm) were determined. Cookies made with cocoa bran showed less mass loss and an increase in diameter after baking, in addition to an expansion factor consistent with products rich in fiber. The quadratic predictive model demonstrated good adjustment and predictive capacity on the diameter values after baking (R2- 98.34%), while the special cubic model explained the effect of mixing on the thickness of the cookies before baking (R2- 99.42%), thickness after baking (R2- 98.36%) and expansion factor (R2- 99.20%). This study showed that the results demonstrated here indicate that the preparation of gluten-free cookies, using cocoa bran, presents itself as a viable alternative to the food industry.</p> Luíz Guilherme Malaquias da Silva Jessanna Dias Sarques José Antônio Dias Garcia Brígida Monteiro Vilas Boas Aline Manke Nachtigall Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-14 2024-02-14 22 2 e3191 e3191 10.55905/oelv22n2-076 Influence of the simplex-centroid mixture design on the texture of sauces with different food https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3192 <p>The use of different food matrices can result in products with different textures. In this context, the objective was to develop sauces with a mixture of tomato, pumpkin and mango pulp, using the centroid simplex design. The texture of the sauces was studied instrumentally (consistometer and texturometer) and sensorially (Acceptance and Acceptability Index – AI%). What adjusted the flow, measured in a consistometer (from 1.40 to 5.50 cm), firmness (from 51.90 to 112.54 N), consistency (1322.66 to 2864.35 N.s-1), cohesiveness (-30.31 to -87.10 N), viscosity index (-757.57 to -1933.60 N.s-1) and consistency acceptance (4.42 to 7.84) to the predictive model linear, while the AI was greater than 70%. The sauces were accepted for their satisfactory consistency, with no significant influence on the texture of the sauces, demonstrating the possibility of implementing different food matrices without compromising the consumer's taste.</p> Luíz Guilherme Malaquias da Silva Cleuton José Moraes Elisnara Domingues Mariano Carlos Alexandre Rocha da Costa Flávia Matias Oliveira da Silva Brígida Monteiro Vilas Boas Aline Manke Nachtigall Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-14 2024-02-14 22 2 e3192 e3192 10.55905/oelv22n2-077 Physical-chemical characteristics of gluten-free cookies, chocolate flavor, made with cocoa bran, rice flour and corn starch https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3193 <p>The use of cocoa bran can be a viable technological and economic alternative for the food industry. In this sense, the objective was to develop and characterize gluten-free cookies, chocolate flavor, made with cocoa bran (FC), rice flour (FA) and corn starch (AM). Nine tests and seven formulations were developed, using simplex centroid mixture planning, as follows: F1 - 100% FC; F2 - 100% AF; F3 – 100% AM; F4 - 50% HR and 50% FA; F5 - 50% AF and 50% AM; F6 – 50% FC and 50% AM and F7 – 33.33% of each flour. To characterize the cookies, the values ​​of L*, C*, h°, hardness, fracturability, proximate composition and caloric value of the formulations were determined. Regarding the color of the cookies, the presence of starch gave rise to lighter products, with greater purity of color and an orange tone, while cocoa bran gave rise to darker cookies, with less purity of color and a brown tone. Cocoa bran also had a synergistic effect on the hardness of the biscuit, and corn starch and rice flour had an antagonistic effect. The use of cocoa bran provided higher levels of proteins, lipids and dietary fiber, as well as lower levels of carbohydrates and caloric value. Gluten-free biscuits made with the studied flours presented themselves as a viable alternative for the food industry.</p> Jessanna Dias Sarques Luíz Guilherme Malaquias da Silva José Antônio Dias Garcia Brígida Monteiro Vilas Boas Aline Manke Nachtigall Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-14 2024-02-14 22 2 e3193 e3193 10.55905/oelv22n2-078 Integration agriculture-livestock and production “Bull Harvest” https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3194 <p>Within agribusiness there has been a lot of debate on the topic of intensification and sustainability within agricultural practices, the current scenario of pasture livestock is seen as challenging due to the low quality of pastures and consequently low quality indices, on the other hand agricultural practices have increasingly evolved in productivity, but with criticism of environmental care. With this in mind, integration practices have a positive result that adds greater production with pasture recovery in addition to physical-chemical and microbiological improvements related to agricultural practices. The main challenge for the rancher is the off-season period, when there is low availability and quality of grass, which favors a peculiar quality of a longer cycle and greater risk, so integration practices are a strategy that was developed to overcome these challenges promoting gains in critical periods. Zootechnical indices such as higher batch rate are possible productivity and productivity gains with the practice area of ​​nutrient cycling and soil protection are more profitable and productivity. The work brings positive results cited in the literature show the efficient use of integration practices related to peculiarities and agricultural practices.</p> Lucas Yuri da Silva Barboza Lucas Henrique Ferreira Santos Rafael Vaz de Assis Maisa Fernanda Villas Boas Rafael Ana Carolina Miranda Lopes Rodrigo Medeiros da Silva Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-14 2024-02-14 22 2 e3194 e3194 10.55905/oelv22n2-079 Impact of the agri-amigo program on the income level of rural workers in the agricultural region of sobral in the state of Ceará https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3211 <p>The present study seeks to analyze the impact of the Agroamigo program on the income level of the beneficiary rural worker in that region. A methodology capable of capturing the effect of the program on the income level was used by using scores that determine the matching of groups of beneficiaries and non-beneficiaries for comparison purposes. Thus, probabilities were calculated based on a set of observable characteristics, and then there was the matching for similarities. With the method used, it was verified that the program has the expected effect on the income support item. By means of the average effect on the treaties, a positive impact on the income of the beneficiary rural worker was detected, considering the calculated odds or propensity scores.</p> Denilson Rodrigues dos Reis Melo Francisco José Silva Tabosa Pablo Urano de Carvalho Castelar Domingos Isaias Maia Amorim Miguel Henrique da Cunha Filho Maria Josiell Nascimento da Silva Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-15 2024-02-15 22 2 e3211 e3211 10.55905/oelv22n2-080 Impact of growth, inequality and the Family Grant Program (PBF) on Brazil's poverty https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3212 <p>The objective of this article is to analyze the effects of economic growth, inequality and the Bolsa Família Program (PBF) on poverty indices in Brazil. To do so, a dynamic panel model was used, estimated by the method of generalized moments for a two-step system, developed by Blundel-Bond (1998). The results show that spending on the family scholarship had no impact on poverty rates in Brazil. It is also found that policies of economic growth that promote an increase in income in conjunction with the reduction of its disparities are preferable to those that prioritize only the increase of the average income in the fight against poverty in Brazil.</p> Francisco José Silva Tabosa Pablo Urano de Carvalho Castelar Domingos Isaias Maia Amorim Miguel Henrique da Cunha Filho Eucinete Menezes Albuquerque Antonio Célio Ferreira dos Santos Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-15 2024-02-15 22 2 e3212 e3212 10.55905/oelv22n2-081 Conflicts and resistance in the territory of Mata Sul Pernambucana in the Capitalocene Era https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3213 <p>The present work is an effort to understand the impact of agribusiness and the SUAPE complex in Mata Sul in Pernambuco during the Anthropocene, and the resistance of local peasants. To achieve the proposed objective, we carried out a case study, preceded by a bibliographical review and the systematization of testimonies from representatives of different categories that make up the territory's peasantry, collected during the immersion period of the classes of the Postgraduate Program in Agroecology and Territorial Development (PPGADT), from the Federal Rural University of Pernambuco (UFRPE). During the activities, the testimonies allowed, on the one hand, to perceive the negative impacts related to the social, economic and environmental issues of sugar exploitation, established during the colonial period in the region. On the other hand, this scenario is quite revealing of how the peasant organization and struggle for their survival, reproduction and better living conditions have been occurring, with implications for different forms of resistance experienced in response to and in the face of territorial development models.</p> Fábio Andrey Pimentel São Mateus Ana Maria Dubeux Gervais Jorge Luiz Schirmer de Mattos Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-15 2024-02-15 22 2 e3213 e3213 10.55905/oelv22n2-082 Environmental education and educational technology: the articulation between pedagogical practices in the multifunctional resource room https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3214 <p>The objective was to create active and didactic methodologies involving environmental education and educational technology to articulate pedagogical practices in the multifunctional resource room that aim to develop liberating and inclusive teaching. The relevant study addressed emerged through results produced during pedagogical practices aimed at sustainability in interface with processes that permeate a democratic, liberating and, mainly, inclusive environmental education. The activity and pedagogical experience was developed in the multifunctional resource room of a primary and secondary school located in the municipality of Igarapé-Miri, northeast of the Pará Amazon. From observations in the school context, it was found that there was no systematic practice focused on education and environmental citizenship in the regular teaching room and in the space where multifunctional educational inclusion activities were developed capable of enabling interaction between students, aimed at for the construction and manufacture of teaching materials and some toys with reused materials. The speech creates possibilities from the games and games that children go through the development process until they acquire, through experience, values and knowledge, skills and awareness of the importance of taking care of the school space in which they are inserted. Therefore, it is necessary for teachers to change traditional teaching practices, toys and games as a methodological solution for inclusive teaching and learning in interface with environmental education, as they create an atmosphere of admiration, and consequently end up activating and activating the functions neurological and physical, encouraging thought and physical parts.</p> Rodrigo Cardoso da Silva Alzira Almeida de Araújo Maria das Graças da Silva Karem Maria Gaia Maués Camila Freire Siqueira Thamara Nunes de Souza Nayza Silva Barros Altem Nascimento Pontes Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-15 2024-02-15 22 2 e3214 e3214 10.55905/oelv22n2-083 Brazilian and educator: Paulo Freire and a brief insight into his journey in education https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3215 <p>Paulo Freire (1921–1997) was an influential Brazilian educator, philosopher and theorist in the field of education. He is best known for his critical pedagogy, a revolutionary approach to education that emphasizes the need for students to be actively involved in their own learning process. Freire's ideas have had a profound impact on educational theory and practice around the world. Key concepts associated with Paulo Freire's work include: Critical Pedagogy<strong>:</strong> Freire's critical pedagogy encourages educators to adopt a transformative and participatory approach to teaching. It challenges traditional, authoritarian teaching methods and promotes a more democratic and egalitarian classroom environment. Dialogical Learning<strong>:</strong> Freire emphasized the importance of dialogue in the learning process. He believed that education should be a two-way conversation between teachers and students, with both parties actively contributing to the construction of knowledge. Problem-Posing Education<strong>:</strong> Freire contrasted the traditional "banking" model of education, where knowledge is deposited into passive students, with a "problem-posing" model. In problem-posing education, learners and educators work together to critically examine and solve real-world problems, fostering a deeper understanding of the subject matter. Conscientization<strong>:</strong> Freire coined the term "conscientization" to describe the process of raising awareness and consciousness among individuals. He believed that education should empower people to critically analyze their social and political context, leading to a sense of agency and the ability to enact positive change. Liberation Pedagogy<strong>:</strong> Freire's work is often associated with the idea of liberation pedagogy. He argued that education should not only transmit knowledge and skills but also empower learners to liberate themselves from oppressive social structures and contribute to social transformation. Paulo Freire's most famous work is the book "Pedagogy of the Oppressed" (1968), where he articulates many of these concepts. His ideas have influenced educators, activists, and policymakers around the world, contributing to discussions on social justice, equity, and the role of education in fostering a more just and humane society.</p> Otávio Barduzzi Rodrigues da Costa Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-15 2024-02-15 22 2 e3215 e3215 10.55905/oelv22n2-084 Analysis of a portfolio selection model at three-moments https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3216 <p>This work performs a numerical simulation for an investment portfolio selection model that considers the three first moments of asset returns distribution – mean return, variance, and skewness. The application of the model, based on data collected on the platform of a Brazilian stockbroker, allowed obtaining portfolios of maximum skewness for fixed values of expected return and weighted variance of the portfolio. The results are analyzed and presented graphically, giving rise to an optimal surface for triples of moments associated with portfolios of maximum skewness. Furthermore, this experiment allowed us to confirm the relevance of considering higher-order moments in the selection of investment portfolios and verifying the efficiency of the Three-Moments model, having as reference the Markowitz solution in his Mean-Variance model.</p> Patricia Reis Martins Patrícia Nunes da Silva Carlos Frederico Vasconcellos Regina Serrão Lanzillotti Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-15 2024-02-15 22 2 e3216 e3216 10.55905/oelv22n2-085 Health education in the school environment: interdisciplinary practices, constitutional guarantees, and full development of the individual https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3217 <p>Health Education in schools plays a crucial role in promoting the physical, mental, and social well-being of students, contributing to the formation of healthy and conscious citizens. By integrating health promotion into daily activities, this approach aims to disseminate information and encourage healthy habits, emphasizing the importance of interaction between the school and healthcare teams. Key points such as disease prevention, nutrition education, physical activity, mental health, sexual education, drug prevention, community partnerships, and ongoing evaluation outline a comprehensive plan. Considering the historical context from hygienic models to contemporary approaches, a critical understanding of these phases is vital for creating a healthy school environment and empowering students to make informed choices for a healthy life. In addition, the Health in School Program (PSE) is a joint initiative of the Ministries of Health and Education in Brazil, launched in 2007, to promote the health and well-being of public school students. With an emphasis on integrating health and education, PSE covers various areas, including healthy eating, disease prevention, combating Aedes aegypti, and physical activity, operating in all stages of basic education. Community involvement is crucial, and the program involves constant monitoring and access to healthcare services. PSE stands out for its preventive focus, aiming to educate conscious and healthy citizens. Furthermore, the article argues for the integration of health into the Political-Pedagogical Project (PPP) of schools, as advocated by the 1988 Federal Constitution. It emphasizes the influence of economic and social policies on population health and the school's importance as a space for health promotion. The National Common Curricular Base and National Curriculum Parameters recognize the transversality of health in education. PPP, seen as a democratic instrument, is essential for collaboration between health and education. The pedagogical approach of John Dewey and Paulo Freire highlights the importance of experience, dialogue, awareness, meaningful learning, empowerment, reflective practice, and cultural contextualization. The expansion of this approach to teachers and staff is considered vital in the educational process.</p> Renata Trivelato Felício Cenedesi Arlete do Monte Massela Malta Patrícia Alves Guimarães Jocilane Lima de Almeida Vasconcelos Paulo Paulo Henrique Soles dos Santos Raimundo de Oliveira Lucena Maria Aparecida de Almeida Araújo Maria Cecília Merege Neliane de Souza Platon Edwin Gabriel Ayala Saldaña Rocio Edy Jacobe Ilizarbe César Gustavo Saldaña Palomino Yuri Ayala Saldaña Eldiane Lima Figueira Rosângela Ferreira Ribeiro Samuel Ribeiro Martins Jussara Barreto Moura Almeida Sonia Maria Alves Mario Angelo Cenedesi Júnior Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-15 2024-02-15 22 2 e3217 e3217 10.55905/oelv22n2-086 Strategies to increase vaccine coverage in brazilian territory https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3218 <p>The Brazilian National Immunization Program (PNI), created in 1973, is a comprehensive and successful vaccination program, providing vaccines free of charge to all citizens, regardless of age, income, or place of residence. It maintains a vaccination schedule aimed at achieving high immunization rates against various diseases. However, it faces challenges such as misinformation, anti-vaccine movements, distrust in health authorities, difficulties in access, and interruptions in vaccine distribution, which have led to a decline in vaccination rates. To reverse this trend, several strategies can be adopted, adapted to the local context. This includes knowledge of the territory, vaccination campaigns, vaccination units, home visits and active patient outreach, Health Education in the school environment, public-private partnerships, effective communication, electronic records, ongoing education for healthcare professionals, identification of high-risk groups, and awareness campaigns. These strategies should be implemented in coordination, taking into account the characteristics of each territory. Collaboration between the government, healthcare professionals, schools, and the community is essential to ensure the protection of the population against infectious diseases. Strengthening vaccination is crucial for promoting public health and preventing outbreaks of preventable diseases in Brazil.</p> Mario Angelo Cenedesi Júnior Maria Aparecida de Almeida Araújo Eliane Ferreira de Almeida Edylene Maria dos Santos Pereira Fernanda Santos Schwarz Glaucia Sá Brandão Freitas Gomes Grazielli Meneses Brito Jocilane Lima de Almeida Vasconcelos Kenya Costa Rodrigues da Silva Neliane de Souza Platon Paulo Henrique Soles dos Santos Samuel Ribeiro Martins Jussara Barreto Moura Almeida Arlete do Monte Massela Malta Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-15 2024-02-15 22 2 e3218 e3218 10.55905/oelv22n2-087 The challenges in rebuilding a quality public health in Brazil https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3219 <p>In recent years, Brazil has grappled with a denialist approach to its healthcare system, the Unified Health System (SUS), especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. Influential figures, including public personalities, have cast doubt on science, leading to widespread uncertainty. Despite the challenges, Brazil boasts a strong National Immunization Plan (PNI) that has served as a global reference. The country faces the demographic transition, with an aging population requiring healthcare adaptation. Addressing chronic diseases becomes paramount, as does managing the economic implications of an older workforce supporting retirees. Inequalities in access to quality public healthcare persist due to socioeconomic disparities, a divided healthcare system, geographic disparities, ethnic and racial inequalities, education and cultural factors, and long wait times in the public healthcare system. Environmental issues, like deforestation, wildfires, climate change, water pollution, pesticide use, industrial pollution, and food security, impact public health. Sustainable policies and awareness are crucial. Health research in Brazil thrives in universities, institutions, and through international collaboration. Clinical research, epidemiology, public health research, and tropical medicine research are prevalent, but funding challenges and research misconduct persist. Combating infodemia and fake news is essential to ensure that public health decisions are based on reliable information. Fact-checking organizations, healthcare professionals, and education play a vital role. Expanding vaccination coverage is critical to protect against infectious diseases. Brazil employs campaigns, vaccination centers, home visits, school vaccination, partnerships, effective communication, vaccination records, education, and prioritizing high-risk groups. Strengthening the First Level of Health Care through the Family Health Strategy, coverage expansion, professional qualification, electronic health records, prevention programs, management strategies, specialized care, service integration, and community participation can improve healthcare access and coordination. Health education in Brazil focuses on health promotion, disease prevention, child and family health, sexual education, community engagement, school education, information accessibility, and trust in public health policies. The growth of health technology in Brazil can enhance care quality, access, resource management, disease prevention, cost savings, and innovation. However, ethical considerations, equitable access, and data privacy are vital. A democratic environment in public health promotes community participation, accountability, equity, evidence-based decision-making, individual and collective rights, anti-corruption efforts, conflict resolution, and long-term policy planning. SUS funding faces challenges of insufficient resources, budget predictability, dependence on unstable funding sources, regional inequalities, healthcare professional shortages, underfunding of complex services, lack of prevention investment, corruption, and an aging population. Addressing these challenges is vital to maintain SUS as an equitable and effective healthcare system. In conclusion, addressing these healthcare challenges and opportunities is crucial for Brazil's future. It requires ongoing investment in public policies, a multidisciplinary approach, and active community participation. Strengthening primary healthcare and combating misinformation are essential steps toward a healthier and more equitable Brazil.</p> Mario Angelo Cenedesi Júnior Dirce Pacheco Vitório Rodrigues Maria Cecília Merege Fernanda Santos Schwarz Glaucia Sá Brandão Freitas Gomes Jocilane Lima de Almeida Vasconcelos Juciane Lima do Nascimento Melo Keylla Tais de Amorim Kenya Costa Rodrigues da Silva Maria Aparecida de Almeida Araújo Neliane de Souza Platon Regina Gabriela Caldas de Moraes Paulo Rogério Ferreira Pinto Samuel Ribeiro Martins Arlete do Monte Massela Malta Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-15 2024-02-15 22 2 e3219 e3219 10.55905/oelv22n2-088 Exploring new horizons in developing entrepreneurial skills through the catavento project https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3220 <p>This article presents the results of a survey with students from an Enactus team who verified their perception regarding the following aspects experienced from the elaboration of a project until the participation in the Enactus Brazil National Meeting (Eneb): development of skills and personal maturation/autonomy, engagement with the team, sense and purpose, satisfaction with the Enactus methodology, development of entrepreneurial and leadership skills and integration of activities in the team with the extension and Pedagogical Project of Courses. The results point to a rich and fruitful experience, in the vision of the participants, both in the personal sphere, in the academic and in the professional. The study limitation is recognized as covering a single team, suggesting new studies covering all Enactus teams.</p> João Pinheiro de Barros Neto Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-15 2024-02-15 22 2 e3220 e3220 10.55905/oelv22n2-089 The dilemma of brazilian children who live in the countryside and cross the border to study in countryside schools in Uruguay https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3221 <p>This paper is a qualitative research conducted to gain a deeper understanding of the positive and negative consequences that the use of two languages in a school in the frontier field can generate in learning. That is, it deals with the dilemmas faced by Brazilian children who live in the countryside and need to cross the border to study in country schools in the neighboring country, Uruguay. The consequences are often not because of the use of the two languages in themselves, but because of the way in which they are worked and of how the teacher in the classroom sees this situation. For the elaboration of this research, research was carried out in similar articles and reports that deal with the theme. And, based on the results, it is presumed that it contributes towards this theme being more present in the undergraduate and in the schools, with a greater emphasis on the management in dialog with the school community, so that everyone in those circles knows and looks for ways to deal with this question without jeopardizing learning, and for the school life to be healthy and enriching.</p> Marcia Lorena Rodrigues Vieira José Guilherme Franco Gonzaga Altacir Bunde Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-15 2024-02-15 22 2 e3221 e3221 10.55905/oelv22n2-090 Brazil's social protection system: historical formation and contemporary diachrony https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3222 <p>This essay deals with the subject of social protection in Brazil. To this end, we make a specific historical cut and discuss its significance in contemporary times. In addition, with regard to social protection systems, it is possible to verify, throughout historiography, that it is unlikely that any society could sustain itself without any kind of protection, to the point that the individuals of these collectives would be destitute even while the social contract was being established. From this context, we address the social protection system in Brazil, in its historical formation and contemporary diachrony, since it is relevant to establish a chronology and discuss the premises of social protection on a political and social basis. In this context, before we go into the points relating to social protection, let's go back to the first idea of the formation of the state in Rousseau's Social Contract. In his work, the author raises the idea that society will only be harmonious in its 'social peace', to the extent that there is an exchange of favors between citizens and the state, which will provide social and legal security and social peace, to the detriment of those who have renounced their individual freedoms in favor of decisions in this direction, thus promoting justice.</p> Marcel Pereira Pordeus Marcelo David Santos Wildeson de Sousa Caetano Romário Nascimento de Oliveira Josivan Rocha Josino Clarissa Nogueira Josino José Célio Pessoa Fonteles Katianne Jamilia Oliveira Nunes Caio Leonam Vieira Pordeus Sidrack Rack Moraes Alves Daniele Eduardo Rocha Felipe Wesley de Vasconcelos Paulino José Creginaldo de Andrade Marijane Serpa do Amaral Kátia Neide Costa Gomes Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-15 2024-02-15 22 2 e3222 e3222 10.55905/oelv22n2-091 Analysis of burns and deforestation resulting from agricultural practices in the Matopiba region: case study in the municipalities of Piauí https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3223 <p>Agricultural growth in the MATOPIBA region boosted the national economy, generating jobs and contributions to Brazil's Gross Domestic Product (GDP), especially through grain exports, with soybeans being a significant highlight. Despite the economic benefits, agricultural expansion in MATOPIBA raises environmental and social concerns, including deforestation, fires, soil manipulation, land conflicts among others, affecting the general population, traditional communities and indigenous peoples. In the southwestern area of Piauí is marked by environmental problems, such as deforestation and fires, factors that were analyzed in this research to understand the dynamics of the expansion of the agricultural frontier in Piauí municipalities in the MATOPIBA region. This will be carried out through the analysis of data related to deforestation and fires, evaluating the impacts of agricultural activities.</p> Lineardo Ferreira de Sampaio Melo Péricles Luiz Picanço Júnior Giovana Mira de Espindola Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-15 2024-02-15 22 2 e3223 e3223 10.55905/oelv22n2-092 Educational scenarios in the Marajoara Amazon: possibilities of dialogs between Marajoara culture and science education https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3224 <p>This work aims to raise discussions about the perspective of the Freirean Dialogicity, with a view to weaving relations between it and Science Education in defense of the Marajoara territory. We anchored in Freire's speech (1983, 1978, 1987, 2014) and his liberating and conscientious pedagogy based on complaints and announcements. To do so, we enter into the complexity of the ancestral and contemporary Marajoara Amazon, which constitutes the Marajoara Culture, we talk about school education in the Marajoara Amazonian scenario, to then discuss the possible relations with Education in Sciences, through productions that denounce the monocultural and eurocentric curriculum and the need to break with epistemicide and epistemic domination, and announce the possibility of demarcation of the existence of black and indigenous people, contributing here to think a dialogical education in defense of the Marajoara territory.</p> Leliane da Costa Ferreira Edinéia Tavares Lopes Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-15 2024-02-15 22 2 e3224 e3224 10.55905/oelv22n2-093 Old age protection and prohibition of the principle of social retrocess https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3225 <p>The present academic article is of a qualitative nature, using the bibliographic method, the main objective is to treat the elderly's social security law as a stony clause, which cannot be mitigated in view of the principle of prohibition against social retrogression. Thus, in the search to understand the theme, a bibliographical survey was carried out in books, articles and in the legislation itself to bring legal support to the issue. Thus, the research is divided into three sections, where the first delimits issues referring to social security and the principle of prohibition against social retrocession, the second section addresses the issues pertinent to Constitutional law and stone clauses and finally there is the discussion of reasoned form on the elderly's social security right to be seen as a stone clause based on the Principle of Prohibition Against Social Retrogression.</p> Aline Simonelli Moreira Carlos Henrique Bezerra Leite Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-15 2024-02-15 22 2 e3225 e3225 10.55905/oelv22n2-094 Political representation: the choice process as a means of control of representatives https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3235 <p>The present work aims to present a discussion about political representation, analyzing the concepts, ideas and representative practices, as well as the formation of representative government through classical theories, relating them to the control exercised by the people through the carrying out of regular and periodic elections. The aim is to debate the importance of judging those represented through regular and periodic elections, a mechanism made available to the people as a criterion for choosing those who will receive the delegation to make the community's main decisions. Thus, we seek to verify whether the electoral process would be the most appropriate means for the population to exercise the power to choose and dismiss their representatives, as well as to exercise accountability over those who will decide on the policies and actions to be implemented in society. . The work will consist of theoretical research, in an exploratory and explanatory manner, with a qualitative approach. As a theoretical foundation, bibliographical research was used through works and websites specializing in the topic.</p> Bruno Santos Lima Deborah Dettmam Matos Nelson Juliano Cardoso Matos Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-16 2024-02-16 22 2 e3235 e3235 10.55905/oelv22n2-095 Overload and spirituality of the informal caregiver: a narrative review https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3241 <p>Not infrequently, the caregivers involved prioritize the dependent person and forget their own care because of the complexity of daily tasks, as well as leaving aside their needs and activities that provide satisfaction in living. Over time, this can cause overload to the caregiver. Spirituality provides subjective elaboration of relevance to existence, which increases the motivation for facing and overcoming adversities. This research aims to conduct a narrative review of studies on the topics of overload, care and spirituality of the informal caregiver. To do so, the topics of overload, spirituality and the confrontation by informal caregivers were addressed according to the previous themes. The literature points out that caring for an elderly person can bring physical and emotional overload, and the caregiver is more likely to develop depressive symptoms, anxiety, smoking, worse health, and to consume hypnotic and anxiolytic substances. Thus, spirituality is important not only for the help of facing diseases, but for the coping with adversities that appear in the life of the informal caregiver. There is a need for more studies and public policies on this theme, since there is a large gap in literature today.</p> Grazielle Ferreira Iroldi Pedro Grazziano Pedro Henrique Machado Guiesi Élen dos Santos Alves Ariene Angelini dos Santos-Orlandi Keika Inouye Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-16 2024-02-16 22 2 e3241 e3241 10.55905/oelv22n2-096 Collapse in the foundations of the curricular development process for brazilian basic education https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3242 <p>This text presents analyzes of the ideological discourse that fueled the collapse in the intentionality of selection and distribution of knowledge considered valid. Specifically, problematizing as curricular documents proposed after the reform of the curriculum in the 1990s, they presented, discursively, questions related to knowledge. It is assumed that the links established with the market, from the neoliberal perspective, caused a collapse in the fundamentals of curriculum development, directly affecting the process of construction of the curriculum and/or curriculum documents. In this context, it is relevant to present the analyzes arising from the questioning of Curricular Documents, as practice of distinct and multireferenced meanings, conceived from a process that admits a logic of deconstruction of the discourses. In conclusion, the collapse did not occur in the context of curricular development, but of its "new" constitutive foundations.</p> Aline Rabelo Marques Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-16 2024-02-16 22 2 e3242 e3242 10.55905/oelv22n2-097 Limits to the employer in managing employee data in labor relations https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3243 <p>Despite the creation of legal standards for data protection in both the international and Brazilian spheres, the matter needs further elaboration regarding the limitations that must be established for the employer in the management of employee data in labor relations both in pre-contractual phase, both in the maintenance of labor contracts and in the dismissal of employees. Principles such as Dignity of the Human Person, Freedom of Profession, Non-Discrimination, Proportionality, Purpose, Adequacy and Necessity must be observed. To this end, the role of data protection supervisory agents in the labor sphere must be highlighted.</p> Aline Simonelli Moreira Carlos Henrique Bezerra Leite Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-16 2024-02-16 22 2 e3243 e3243 10.55905/oelv22n2-098 Study of the variations of the HDI and IVS in the metropolitan and RIDE's regions of the northeast in comparison with Brazil: an analysis of the degree of importance of the dimensions that make up the two indicators between the 2000 and 2010 censuses https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3244 <p>This study analyzes the variations of the Municipal Human Development Index (IDHM) and the Social Vulnerability Index (IVS) in the Metropolitan Regions and Integrated Development Regions (RIDE's) of the Northeast in comparison with Brazil, during the Censuses of 2000 and 2010. The research highlights the importance of the dimensions that compose these indicators and provides relevant insights into social vulnerability in the region.</p> Alan Francisco Carvalho Pereira Nicolas Renato Siqueira de Araújo Ramon José Leal de Morais Karinne de Albuquerque Campos do Prado Jorge Luis Cavalcanti Ramos Fabio Freire de Oliveira Marcelo Henrique Pereira dos Santos Michelle Christini Araújo Vieira Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-16 2024-02-16 22 2 e3244 e3244 10.55905/oelv22n2-099 Use of plant extracts (Ricinus communis) to control undesirable insects in the cultivation of caupi beans https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3245 <p>The objetive was to evaluate the action of the extracts from the castor bean plant, the shells of the seeds, the seeds and the leaves of the castor bean plant on the insects that are likely to cause damage in the caupi-bean plant. The experiment was carried out at the Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Pará (IFPA- Campus Bragança) located in the municipality of Bragança, located in the northeast region of the state of Pará. The trials were conducted in the first half of 2023, namely: 1-Screening of castor bean by-products, seed hulls, seeds and castor bean leaves using ethanol as solvent; 2- Dose response curve extracting bioactive substances from seed, seed and leaf hulls with ethanol. Casualized blocks (CBD) with three repetitions and four treatments, divided into four blocks, each block had 50 plants with plant spacing of 20cm and 50 cm between rows with local breaded bean cultivar. Treatments were applied once/week after the infestation appeared, after filtering dilution was done for each case in a single spray. Testing of formulates with an interval of one week in each treatment were applied: witness, MSM, SM and FoM, all using ethanol at 92.8° INPM in the preparation of SE and applied in the dosage of 10%(m/v). Evaluation of treatments was performed 48 hours after spraying by counting live and dead insects. The effects of oil and leaf and shell extracts from the castor bean plant on mortality of aphids, caterpillars, bedbugs and cowpeas in beans were investigated using second order regression analyzes. The analyzes were carried out in the Past 4.14 program. As the concentration of oil extracted from castor bean seeds is increased, there is an increase in the mortality rate.&nbsp; The concentrations of aqueous extracts from the castor bean leaves, more efficiency in the results. Thus, the plant extracts tested are a viable alternative for the control of <em>Aphis craccivora, Bemisia tabaci, Diabrotica speciosa, Spodoptera eridania and Nezara viridula</em>, being affordable products for easy preparation and application.</p> Raila da Rosa Santana Risete Maria da Silva Cristiane do Socorro Nunes Brito Laís Rosário da Luz Railson da Rosa Santana Gisele Martins Pinheiro Eduardo Melo da Silva Edna Antônia da Silva Brito Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-16 2024-02-16 22 2 e3245 e3245 10.55905/oelv22n2-100 Effects of adding inulin and chia mucilage in the production of mayonnaise with reduced fat and cholesterol: technological, nutritional, and sensory aspects https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3246 <p>In recent years, interest has grown in the use of inulin and chia mucilage as hydrocolloids and fat substitutes in functional foods due to their ability to improve technological properties such as texture. In addition, they are low in calories and have a prebiotic effect with potential health benefits. Reducing the fat content of processed foods is one of the current demands for a healthier diet. The aim of this study was to develop a light and functional mayonnaise, with reduced fat, calories, and cholesterol content enriched with prebiotic fiber. It was possible to produce a light mayonnaise with up to 80.0% reduction in oil and 68.7% reduction in egg yolk. The addition of the hydrocolloids inulin and chia mucilage had good technological, nutritional, and sensory properties, providing an adequate texture, up to 2.5g of fiber per 12g serving of mayonnaise, and 80% acceptability.</p> Jonathan Marques Pereira Canuto Rayane Alves Batista Silvia Leticia Rivero Meza João Paulo Sinnecker Fabiana Perrechil Bonsanto Cristiana Maria Pedroso Yoshida Patricia Sinnecker Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-16 2024-02-16 22 2 e3246 e3246 10.55905/oelv22n2-101 Nutritional and physicochemical potential of mangaba (Hancornia speciosa) native to the Brazilian Cerrado at different ripening stages https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3247 <p>The Cerrado is Brazil's second largest biome and contains a complex diversity of native fruits, such as the mangaba (<em>Hancornia speciosa</em>), which has nutritional potential but is little explored and known by the Brazilian population. The aim of this study was to analyze the nutritional composition and physical-chemical parameters of mangaba at three different stages of ripeness (green, intermediate and ripe). The green mangaba stood out for having a larger longitudinal and transverse diameter, as well as a higher moisture and ash content, compared to the other stages of ripeness. Intermediate mangaba had a higher weight and higher total carbohydrate, lipid and vitamin C content. Ripe mangaba had a higher protein content and pH value. In general, mangaba stood out for its interesting nutrient content, such as protein and vitamin C, and low concentration of lipids, so it can be considered a good source for inclusion in the diet, contributing to the preservation of the Cerrado and the population's food security.</p> Murilo Mendes Rezende Bruna Menezes Beal Silvia Leticia Rivero Meza Danielle Oliveira Borges Grazieli Benedetti Pascoal Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-16 2024-02-16 22 2 e3247 e3247 10.55905/oelv22n2-102 Mama-cadela (Brosimum gaudichaudii): general, nutritional, socio-economic and cultural aspects for the population of the Brazilian Cerrado https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3248 <p>The Brazilian Cerrado is recognized as the second largest ecosystem in the country in terms of area, with a great diversity of species of fauna and flora. Among the plants found in this ecosystem are unconventional food plants (UFP), which are plants that have a very rich nutritional composition. UFP have great potential to be introduced to the population's diet, but these plants have not yet been widely explored and are still being studied by the scientific community.&nbsp; They stand out for their nutritional potential, for being easily accessible and for their sustainability, since they contain bioactive compounds and are found in native vegetation. UFP therefore have nutritional, economic and social importance. This study is a literature review on a UFP species, the mama-cadela (<em>Brosimum gaudichaudii</em>) belonging to the Moraceae family, native to the Brazilian Cerrado biome. This review article will cover the environmental and physiological aspects, chemical and phytochemical components, socio-economic and cultural importance, and gastronomic potential of mama-cadela.</p> Bruna Menezes Beal Silvia Leticia Rivero Meza Grazieli Benedetti Pascoal Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-16 2024-02-16 22 2 e3248 e3248 10.55905/oelv22n2-103 The Unified Health System as a strategic instrument of state public policy for national development and its challenges https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3249 <p>Considering the peculiarities of the health conditions of the Brazilian population and the need for better access to public services, this article makes a study on the importance of public health policy, materialized by the Unified Health System (SUS), as a strategic item for the development of the Country and for the configuration of territorial space, from the perspective of acting as a Strategic State, even under a strong context of fiscal restrictions. To this end, a bibliographic and documentary research methodology will be used, using qualitative and quantitative secondary data sources, understanding the theme, concepts and relevant theories. Health inequalities are discussed as a global and national issue to be considered and addressed; the factors of health demand and supply and their relationships with the territorial configuration and socioeconomic development to be considered in the definition of national health policy. It also discusses the current organization of the SUS and the difficulties in implementing its principles of universality and integrality, understanding obstacles faced by the SUS and their consequences, its financing and the impact of fiscal austerity. As a result and main conclusion, we have the understanding that public health and its potential have been neglected over the years, however, it should be seen by society and the government as a strategic policy because it is a factor that, in addition to ensuring health itself dictated and for the well-being of individuals, it conditions development and regional dynamics itself, with potential impact on income, employment, investments and innovations and even on the configuration of urban-rural territorial space. Furthermore, the SUS demonstrates that it lacks greater cohesion of social and political forces, which must be more aware and mobilized, for its defense and the achievements of Public Health.</p> Alex Sandro da Paixão Ivan Carlos Vicentin Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-16 2024-02-16 22 2 e3249 e3249 10.55905/oelv22n2-104 The importance of the territory for the remaining communities Quilombolas https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3250 <p>The preservation of the quilombola culture and its organization are directly linked to the use of the territory. The legal right to the land where their ancestors began to write their history is essential for this maintenance. This article aims to deepen the understanding about the territory and its importance to the remaining communities of quilombolas. The methodology is marked by the revision of the most pertinent literature on the territory, identity and the remaining communities of quilombo, thus presenting a bibliographic research. The territory of the remnants of quilombo is used to ensure its physical, social, economic and cultural reproduction, because it is in it that conflicts, social relations, human passions take place, besides being a basic element in the formulation of policies aimed at these social actors. Even if the importance of the immaterial dimension is shown, this symbolism needs to be materialized in some space, that is, the territory cannot be understood without a material basis.</p> Jucilene Belo de Oliveira Silva Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-16 2024-02-16 22 2 e3250 e3250 10.55905/oelv22n2-105 The effects of the fiscal responsibility law on the size of the government and the productivity of expenditures in northeastern municipalities https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3252 <p>The objective of this article is to analyse through the empirical strategy of differences in differences, applied to panel data, the impact of the Fiscal Responsibility Law - disaggregated in three categories - on the size of the government and on the productivity of the expenditures of Ceará municipalities between 2002 2016. Among the results, it was found that municipalities that comply with the limit set by the LRF for payment of salaries, tend to have a reduction in the size of the government. In addition, those who meet both the payroll and public spending limits are more likely to experience an increase in the productivity of their spending. In this sense, given the effectiveness of the Fiscal Responsibility Law, stricter control measures are recommended in the effectiveness of this Law, especially in electoral periods.</p> Lilian Lopes Ribeiro Lilian Lopes Ribeiro Débora Gaspar Feitosa Marcelo Miranda Melo Jéssica Brito do Nascimento Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-16 2024-02-16 22 2 e3252 e3252 10.55905/oelv22n2-106 The Memeplexo “conceptual dance” in the cities of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3253 <p>The aim is to explore the universe of scenic production in dance known as Conceptual Dance, limited to what is insisted in the cities of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, from the 2000s onwards. In it, modeling takes place with elements such as the presence of scenic speech, the refusal of the current notion of step and choreography, the refusal of the association of dance as the stricto sensu place of mobility, among other formative themes for another understanding of the dancing body. The study aims to map such constituents present in dance production that can be called conceptual dance in works by Cristian Duarte (SP), Gustavo Círiaco (RJ), Marcela Levi (RJ) and Marta Soares (SP). We want to produce critical materiality in dance in the light of Memetic Theory and discuss which Cultural Units, Memes, of Conceptual Dance are present in a certain Brazilian contemporary dance.</p> Marcos Bragato Michael Stefferson Lucas Fernandes de Moura Thauan Ivison Patrício Ribeiro Douglas Araújo Thiago Chellappa Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-16 2024-02-16 22 2 e3253 e3253 10.55905/oelv22n2-107 Analysis of wetability properties for kraft paper and corrugated cardboard https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3254 <p>Corrugated cardboard and kraft paper are widely used in the packaging industry, providing versatility of use and protection for products. The analysis of the wettability properties of these materials is extremely important, as it allows us to understand how they react to humidity. This research aimed to study the wettability properties of corrugated paper (PO) and kraft paper in order to expand knowledge about the quality of packaging produced with them. The study was conducted in the laboratory using corrugated cardboard (PO) with waves of type "A", "B", "C" "E" and kraft paper obtained from coils with and without coating. The wettability tests performed were total immersion, absorption time and drop penetration method. The collected data was interpreted using descriptive and graphical analysis generated by the R program. The research concluded that for the total immersion test, both materials absorbed more water in the vertical position. In the droplet absorption and penetration time tests, cardboards with type “E” waves showed the highest results when compared to other materials, providing a superior barrier for products that will be transported in boxes of this type. Furthermore, the coated Kraft paper also demonstrated good performance for drop penetration testing, confirming the coating's effectiveness as a moisture barrier.</p> Andréia Moreira da Silva Zaíra Morais dos Santos Hurtado de Mendoza Pedro Hurtado de Mendoza Borges Jackeline Eliada Cichoski da Silva Carolina Cardoso Costa Daniele de Campos Clini Otacilio Junior Vasconcelos de Freitas Marcos Vinícius Pereira de Sá e Souza Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-16 2024-02-16 22 2 e3254 e3254 10.55905/oelv22n2-108 Development of a sustainability index for the inland waterway transport of the Amazon https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3255 <p>The article proposes a sustainability index to evaluate water transport in Amazonas-Brazil, aiming to support decisions and promote effective actions. Using statistical analysis in R software, the Amazon River Transport Sustainability Index (ISTFAM) was developed. The relevance of the social aspect stands out, with an emphasis on Working Conditions, Safety and Courtesy. The economic aspect, with indicators such as Value of the Good, Average Cost per passenger and Cost per kilometer traveled, is also considered. The Environmental factor includes Noise Pollution, Water Quality from Taps and Drinking Fountains. The assessment by vessel revealed challenges and imbalances in economic, social and environmental aspects. The lack of specific regulation in the State of Amazonas contributes to complaints. The ISTFAM although initial suggests the need for expansion to other aspects of sustainability, providing important subsidies. The study concludes by highlighting the importance of specific regulations to improve the sustainability of river transport in the region.</p> Márcio Antônio Couto Ferreira Tatiana Schor Rafael Lima Medeiros Siomara Dias da Rocha Eleonora Barbosa Santiago da Costa Edilson Pinto Barbosa Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-16 2024-02-16 22 2 e3255 e3255 10.55905/oelv22n2-109 Comparison between the impact of the brazilian real estate crisis and the critical period of Covid 19 on the financial economic indicators of companies https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3256 <p>Until 2013, the real estate sector experienced an excellent moment due to favorable economic conditions and the high housing deficit in the country, and it can be said that the real estate market went through a period of “euphoria”. But as of 2014, this growth in the sector was interrupted by a strong crisis due to the oversupply of real estate units, and the lack of bank credit from customers for the acquisition of real estate. This period of decline lasted, on average, until 2018, when companies in the sector resumed growth, but shortly thereafter, in early 2020, the Covid19 pandemic brought new challenges for companies, providing negative as well as positive impacts. This work aimed to study the economic and financial indicators of some important developers (Cyrela, Even, EZTEC, MRV and Direcional) in the national market, listed in the IMOB sectorial index of the Stock Exchange, to measure the evolution of these indicators during the period of 2013 to 2021, a period in which the construction sector experienced two crises of global proportions. As shown in the results, the main financial economic indicators (liquidity, indebtedness, profitability, and turnover or activity) had a behavior with only negative impacts in the 2014 real estate crisis. but in the Covid crisis these impacts were predominantly positive</p> Tiago Rodrigues da Silva Lucas Diogo Rodrigues da Silva Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-16 2024-02-16 22 2 e3256 e3256 10.55905/oelv22n2-110 Enteroparasitoses as socioenvironmental indicators in Quilombola communities: a systematic review and meta-analysis https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3258 <p>The study addresses the presence of enteroparasitoses as a significant problem in quilombo communities, which face unique challenges due to their precarious socio-economic and environmental situation. The central objetive is to investigate the prevalence of these diseases in these communities and to highlight the influence of the socioenvironmental factors in their dissemination. To do so, a systematic and meta-analytical approach was used to examine the prevalence of enteroparasitoses in quilombo communities and their relationship with socioenvironmental factors. The results revealed a significant correlation between the prevalence of enteroparasitoses and factors such as inadequate access to treated water and poor sanitation conditions. However, other socioenvironmental variables, such as the presence of a toilet and the collection of blood, did not show statistically significant correlations with the prevalence of enteroparasitoses.</p> Débora Pereira dos Santos Antonio Francisco Malheiros Andernice dos Santos Zanetti Lucas França de Barros Tatiane Amorim de Matos Rosilainy Surubi Fernandes Darlon Senna Machado Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-16 2024-02-16 22 2 e3258 e3258 10.55905/oelv22n2-111 Demography and life cycle of Daphnia Magna, subjected to the toxicity of andiroba oil used as a natural repelente https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3259 <p><em>Daphnia magna</em> is a common model organism used in toxicological testing because it is widely distributed in aquatic environments, has a short life cycle and is easy to rear in the laboratory. For the cultivation of cladocerans and for experiments, natural water and algae of the species <em>Chlorella sorokiniana </em>was used as diet. For Daphnia culture, modified EPA medium was used. And the general experimental conditions were: 50 mL transparent bottles, in a 1:1 ratio, of medium water and test substance, in treatments and control with medium water, where each test bottle received 10 neonates (&lt;24 h) from the test organism, Daphnia magna. Calculations related to demographic analysis were determined, such as average lifespan, life expectancy, gross reproduction rate, net reproduction rate, generation time and intrinsic population growth rate. In general, the toxicity of andiroba oil promoted mortality in Daphnia magna compared to the control, regardless of any concentration tested. The fertility patterns of <em>D. magna</em> showed a decrease in the production of neonates with increasing andiroba oil concentration. The results of the experiment indicated that andiroba oil had toxic effects on <em>Daphnia magna</em>, being important to evaluate the safety of this chemical product, contributing significantly to the understanding of the risks associated with its use.</p> Silvana Daniel da Silva Karissa Conceição Souza Mária de Fátima Marinho Pereira Erlei Cassiano Keppeler Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-16 2024-02-16 22 2 e3259 e3259 10.55905/oelv22n2-112 Extragenital transmissible venereal tumor in dog: case report https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3260 <p>Transmissible venereal tumor (TVT) is a round cell neoplasm that affects dogs, mainly with access to the street, because tumor implantation happens during coitus or by intimate social interaction with another sick canid. It mainly affects the genital region, but there are extragenital reports. Thus, this work aims to report a case of TVT in the eyelid and cervical region of a dog, male, non-castrated, adult, SRD, with access to the street, without previous history, positive for cynomosis, which presented ectoparasites, penile bloody secretion with bulb volume increase, nodular tumor ulcerated in cervical region, left eye with third eyelid volume increase and some small nodules in upper eyelid. Through cytology and histopathology, TVT was diagnosed in the samples analyzed. For treatment, five sessions of chemotherapy with Vincristine sulfate were carried out, which the animal responded with an improvement in clinical signs one week after the first session. Therefore, the importance of cytology and histopathology for diagnostic confirmation of TVT and of care in the analysis of ocular and skin tumors is emphasized, because, even if the occurrence of this neoplasia is common only in the genital region, it can present itself in other locations.</p> Samara Chociai Geovana Thaís Motta Michelli Cássia Prado Adriano de Oliveira Torres Carrasco Meire Christina Seki Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-16 2024-02-16 22 2 e3260 e3260 10.55905/oelv22n2-113 Active learning: new responsabilities for students and teachers https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3261 <p>This article reports the experiences lived by a teacher in a third-year elementary school class, during the Covid-10 Pandemic, in a municipal school system located in the interior of São Paulo. This work, in addition to exposing reports of this teacher in the transposition of so many diflculties during social withdrawal, brings reflective actions about possibilities of offering an active, creative and reflective teaching. Its objective is to analyze the offer of learning situations with technological resources that can be incorporated into pedagogical practices, with real possibilities for transforming both teaching actions and teaching/learning proposals.</p> Fernanda Jardim Maia Afonso Antonio Machado Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-16 2024-02-16 22 2 e3261 e3261 10.55905/oelv22n2-114 Microwave drying of yerba mate leaves: kinetics modeling and techno-economic analysis https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3263 <p><em>Ilex paraguariensis</em>, known as yerba mate, is a native species from South America widely used in the preparation of drinks, with several bioactive compounds. Its industrial drying process is archaic and associated to the contamination of the leaves with carcinogenic compounds. Previous study reported microwave drying of yerba mate as a potential alternative for its drying, but there are no studies on the techno or economic aspects of this process. Hence, this study aims to determine the drying kinetics on the yerba mate leaves (YML) using the microwave assisted drying method, and to provide a techno-economics analysis for different production and rate of return of investment scenarios. Microwave drying (MWD) of yerba mate was conducted at different powers (675, 945, and 1,215 W), and conventional kinetics models were fitted to the experimental data. A techno-economics analysis was conducted considering the processing of 10 – 100 kg YML/h in an agribusiness located in South Brazil. As results, the different microwave powers resulted in different equilibrium moisture content, and only the MWD at 1,215 W achieved Brazilian’s legislation requirement of 10 % of moisture (wet basis). Page’s drying kinetics model presented the best fitting to the experimental data, and its parameters were used in the study of economic viability. Finally, a required selling price of 19.88 US$/kg was calculated for the selling of the dried YML, resulting in a time of return of investment of 1 year for an agribusiness processing 100 kg YML/h.</p> Matheus Samponi Tucunduva Arantes Luíza Helena Pinto Domingues Cristiane Vieira Helm Washington Luiz Esteves Magalhães Vítor Renan da Silva Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-16 2024-02-16 22 2 e3263 e3263 10.55905/oelv22n2-115 Evaluation of vegetable oil blends properties during deep frying process and their influence on the quality of fried potatoes https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3264 <p>Using different vegetable oils, it is possible to obtain blends that are less susceptible to oxidation, improving stability. In this work, the objective was evaluate alterations that occurred with two blends developed using soybean, cottonseed, and palm oils: Blend 1 in the proportions of 20:20:60 and Blend 2, 20:60:20, respectively. Batch frying study was conducted under temperature condition of 185°C for 20 hours. In the oils, the acid index, viscosity, color, composition in fatty acids and polar compounds were determined; and in the fried potato samples, moisture content and total lipids were analyzed. Results show that, in oils, there is an increase in the amount of saturated fatty acids greater for Blend 2 by 12.43% at the end of 20 hours of frying. There was an increase in viscosity during frying and there was no significant difference between the acidity of the blends. Both blends have suffered color change due to oil degradation. Oils with more saturated fatty acids, such as Blend 1, present greater stability during potato frying, however, there is a greater incorporation of oil in the finished product. Blend 1 was considered more stable, as it had the formation of 5.3% less polar compounds, as it has a higher amount of palm oil.</p> Nairana Marcondes Cunha Diego Henrique de Souza Chaves Tânia Maria Leite da Silveira Viviane Santos Birchal Maria Aparecida Vieira Teixeira Garcia Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-16 2024-02-16 22 2 e3264 e3264 10.55905/oelv22n2-116 Environmental education through the didactic game "treading the path of environmental equilibrium" in the teaching of biological sciences https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3265 <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>This study examines the use of educational game "Treading the Path Balanced Environment" as teachers to aid students in learning tool and Environment of content, Ecology and Environmental Education in the Life Sciences Education. This is qualitative-quantitative research used data collected through observations, evaluation questionnaires, application testing and filmic and photographic records in classes with 27 students of 3rd year high school students in a biology class of School Unit Professor José Kind in Teresina, PI. The research was based on theoretical as Piaget (1975) and Kishimoto (2000) that address the importance of play activities in cognitive development and demonstrate the learning of the contents in environmental education through educational game. It was found through statistical analysis, as the Hypothesis Testing (t test) that students improved their knowledge on environmental issues, demonstrating that the didactic game, combined with the lectures, presented contributions to the teaching-learning process. With the characteristics of a didactic game, provided a more fruitful and favorable environment for acquiring knowledge, promoted the motivation and socialization of students and teachers, allowed the discussion of environmental issues in context and interactively.</p> Mirna Andrade Bezerra Rômulo José Fontenele Oliveira Lya Raquel Oliveira dos Santos John Layonn de Sousa Silva Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-16 2024-02-16 22 2 e3265 e3265 10.55905/oelv22n2-117 Assessment of the compliance of a hospital pharmacy with the pharmaceutical assistance requirements of the national accreditation organization https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3266 <p>Introduction: Accreditation of health services is carried out on the basis of pre-established criteria and standards for the continuous improvement of quality and safety. Objective: To assess the compliance of a hospital pharmacy with the requirements of Level 1 Pharmaceutical Assistance of the National Accreditation Organization (ONA). Methods: This was a quantitative and cross-sectional study, carried out in the pharmacy of a public hospital in Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. The 34 total requirements and 05 priority requirements (CORE) of the ONA Manual were assessed through individual interviews and evidence analysis. Each requirement was rated and scored on: Exceeds (1.2 points), Conforms (1.0 points), Partially Conforms (0.5 points) and Non Conforms (0 points). Compliance was calculated by averaging the requirements scores, multiplied by 100. Results: The hospital pharmacy presented 77.58% of compliance in relation to the total requirements Level 1 and 84.00% in relation to the CORE requirements. Of the total, 61.76% of the requirements were classified as Exceeding or Conforming, 23.53% as Partially Conforming and 11.76% as Non-Conforming. Conclusion: ONA sets minimum compliance standards of 80.00% (total requirements) and 90.00% (CORE) for accreditation. The institution's hospital pharmacy did not meet the minimum standards required. It is suggested that the identified shortcomings could provide an opportunity for the formulation of intervention strategies aimed at the continuous improvement of processes and results, contributing to the advancement in the quality of the services provided.</p> Carlos Roberto Ferreira Pereira Camila Guimarães Polisel Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-16 2024-02-16 22 2 e3266 e3266 10.55905/oelv22n2-118 Or sexism from Veblen's institutionalist theory https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3267 <p>Sexism is a deeply rooted social issue that manifests itself in many forms, including unequal treatment, limited opportunities, and biased expectations placed on individuals based on their gender. Understanding the intricate relationship between sexism and economic development is crucial for designing effective policies and interventions to combat gender inequalities. The main objective is, then, to examine the cultural dimension of sexism, aiming to provide an understanding of the mechanisms through which sexism operates within institutions. A case study was then carried out, with a qualitative approach and observation technique to perceive cultural evidence of sexism in the participants' attitudes. At the end of the study, it was possible to understand that the main objective can only be achieved with systematic, longer-term research that can use different research instruments for in-depth analysis.</p> Sirlene Silveira de Amorim Pereira Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-16 2024-02-16 22 2 e3267 e3267 10.55905/oelv22n2-119 A comprehensive review of air-conditioning condensed water supply models https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3269 <p>Non-potable water building systems have the potential to significantly reduce water consumption, aiding in the preservation of water resources used in urban supply. Among the alternative sources of non-potable water use in buildings, clear waters stand out due to their considerable quality. Condensate water from air conditioning is a kind of clear water that is typically discarded into the sewage. Little is known about the applicability of building systems for using condensate water from air conditioning in buildings - especially within the Brazilian context. To assess the potential for reducing potable water consumption and consequently evaluate the feasibility of implementing air conditioning condensate recovery systems, it is crucial to determine the quantity of available air conditioning condensate. Therefore, this work aims to identify, through a systematic review, the models for predicting the supply of condensed water in air conditioning systems and analyze methods and variables adopted to investigate their applicability within the Brazilian climate context.</p> Danilo Vieira de Carvalho Daniel Sant’Ana Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-16 2024-02-16 22 2 e3269 e3269 10.55905/oelv22n2-120 Non-clinical toxicological analysis of dichlorinated phenylacrylate isomers: Ethyl (2E)-2-cyano-3-(2,6-dichlorophenyl)acrylate e Ethyl (2E)-2-cyano-3-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)acrylate https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3271 <p>A análise <em>in silico</em> ajuda a prever características farmacológicas e toxicológicas, incluindo parâmetros ecotoxicológicos. Essa abordagem também contribui para minimizar o uso de animais de laboratório nos testes <em>in vitro</em>, o que é uma preocupação ética importante na pesquisa. Os fenilacrilatos, segundo a análise do admetSAR©, não apresentaram potencial mutagênico AMES, nem cancerígeno, nem genotóxico e nem teratogênico teóricos. Foram classificados na categoria II de toxicidade oral aguda, e ‘não carcinogênicos’ quanto a classe III de carcinogenicidade. Além disso, foram rotulados teoricamente como ‘prontamente biodegradáveis’, indicando uma rápida decomposição em condições ambientais específicas, minimizando possíveis danos ao ecossistema. A avaliação da citotoxicidade <em>in vitro</em> de moléculas sintéticas frente a eritrócitos humanos é de suma importância no desenvolvimento de medicamentos, visando garantir a segurança e eficácia para uso humano, atenuando o risco para o paciente e cumprindo os requisitos regulatórios a fim de seguir para a etapa dos testes clínicos. Os resultados indicaram que AL-10 não apresentou atividade hemolítica em hemácias humanas. Embora AL-09 e AL-10 não tenham oferecido proteção anti-hemolítica, AL-09 demonstrou potencial hemolítico nas duas concentrações mais altas do ensaio citotóxico, 300 e 400 μg/mL. O isômero dissubstituído com cloro na posição ‘<em>orto-orto</em>’, apresentou Concentração Lítica Mínima (CLM) de 400 μg/mL para os tipos sanguíneos A e O, causando lise de mais de 50% dos eritrócitos. A avaliação cuidadosa da toxicidade é indispensável para garantir que os benefícios de um novo fármaco superem seus possíveis riscos, assegurando o melhor resultado para o paciente.</p> Zilka Nanes Lima Ricardo Olímpio de Moura Margareth de Fátima Formiga Melo Diniz Abrahão Alves de Oliveira Filho Fabio Correia Lima Nepomuceno Denise Nascimento Pereira Misael de Azevedo Teotônio Cavalcanti George Luis Dias dos Santos Luis Augusto Pereira Silva Hilzeth de Luna Freire Pessôa Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-16 2024-02-16 22 2 e3271 e3271 10.55905/oelv22n2-121 Environmental licensing and its efficiency as regulatory means of real estate expansion, resulting from the implementation of urban allotments https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3274 <p>Urban expansion and its evolution in Brazil proves necessary to be inserted in an environment of regulation and also supervision of all its phases. Bearing in mind that inspection has often been used as a mere administrative device. This article deals with environmental licenses and their efficiency in the face of real estate expansion, as a means of regulation in urban allotments, aiming to demonstrate the importance of these procedures as environmental guides in these spaces, the relevant national legislation and scientific works on the subject were used as methodology. We conclude that urbanization processes through subdivisions have prior installation and environmental licenses, important inspection procedures for the enterprise, where its conditions when issued need to be inspected and duly approved for the continuation of the enterprise.</p> Francisco Francinildo Oliveira Lima Odorico Konrad Anny Kariny Feitosa Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-16 2024-02-16 22 2 e3274 e3274 10.55905/oelv22n2-122 Influence of pruning times on the phenology of the Sauvignon Blanc vine https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3272 <p>The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of pruning times on the phenology of the Sauvignon Blanc vine in the 2022/2023 cycle. The treatments were four pruning times based on the winter solstice (T1 33 days before the solstice, T2, T3 and T4, two, 33 and 63 days after, respectively), evaluating phenology: beginning and end of budding (B and FB ), beginning and end of flowering (IF and FF), beginning and end of maturation (IM and FM); percentage of bud sprouting and duration of phenological sub-periods. The treatments demonstrated that they did not influence the phenological stages, presenting similar results or differences of just one or two days in relation to the control. The percentage of bud sprouting was lower for T4. The duration of the total cycle was varied by one day for early pruning. It is possible to extend the pruning period and stagger the activity.</p> Keila Garcia Aloy Hyoran Caius Genindo Barreto Martins Samuel Francisco Gobi Bruno Jacobs Daniel Pazzini Eckhardt Suziane Antes Jacobs Rafael Lizandro Schumacher Vagner Brasil Costa Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-16 2024-02-16 22 2 e3272 e3272 10.55905/oelv22n2-123 Ferrajoli's legal guaranteeism and the judicialization of politics and social interests in ADO 26 https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3273 <p>This article analyzes ADO 26 in conjunction with Ferrajoli's legal guarantee and the concept of judicialization of politics and social interests. The central hypothesis that guides the research is that this decision respected the guaranteeing parameters, consisted of judicialization of the policy and not judicial activism. The methodology was carried out from a case study in a pure, qualitative, inductive and exploratory way. Finally, it was inferred that the rights of this population would remain violated due to legislative omission, if the STF had not adopted the position of criminalizing homophobia and transphobia.</p> Julieta Sampaio Neves Aires Nestor Eduardo Araruna Santiago Ricardo Araújo Lima Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-16 2024-02-16 22 2 e3273 e3273 10.55905/oelv22n2-124 Evaluation of susceptibility of Amaranthus species to the herbicide trifloxysulfuron-sodium using nonlinear models https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3275 <p>Various elements have the potential to negatively impact crops in the agricultural sector, such as the presence of weeds that compete for essential resources, hindering growth and production and resulting in financial losses. There are several methods employed for weed control, among which herbicides stand out for requiring less labor and lower costs compared to others, especially in large-scale cultivation. The objective of this study was to use nonlinear models to assess the dose-response curve of the herbicide trifloxysulfuron-sodium applied to weeds of the genus <em>Amaranthus</em>. Data were collected at doses of 16D, 4D, D, 1/4D, 1/16D, 1/64D, and absence of products, where (D) represents doses of 7.5 and 17.5&nbsp; &nbsp;The models were adjusted using the least squares method, employing the Gauss-Newton algorithm in the R software. Quality evaluation criteria included the coefficient of determination, residual standard deviation, Akaike information criterion, and the Bates and Watts curvatures. The fitted models met the assumptions of normality, independence of residuals, and homogeneous variance. Based on the results, the Michaelis Menten model was considered the most suitable for describing the data. It was observed that <em>Amaranthus</em> species exhibit variations in susceptibility to the herbicide, with <em>A. hybridus</em> and <em>A. deflexus</em> being the least and most susceptible, respectively, requiring doses of 6.02 &nbsp;and 306.90 to achieve 95% control.</p> Edilene Cristina Pedroso Azarias Natiele de Almeida Gonzaga Rafaela de Carvalho Salvador Joel Augusto Muniz Edilson Marcelino Silva Tales Jesus Fernandes Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-16 2024-02-16 22 2 e3275 e3275 10.55905/oelv22n2-125 Can Azospirillum brasilense compensate part of the phosphate fertilizer in soybean crop by promoting plant growth? https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3276 <p>Bioinoculants are widely used in Brazil, based on their efficiency and low cost, in addition to increase in grain yield and lower use of fertilizers in agriculture. In this context, we investigated the use of <em>Azospirillum</em> <em>brasilense</em> to compensate part of phosphate fertilization in soybean crop by promoting plant growth. The field trials were carried out in 2020/21 crop season in four locations in Brazil. The treatments consisted of control (no P application and no microbial inoculation); complete fertilization (100% of the recommended P for the crop and no microbial inoculation); standard commercial inoculant + 75% of the recommended P for the crop; Azosphera® (inoculant based on <em>A. brasilense</em>, strains Ab-V5 and Ab-V6) + 75% of the recommended P for the crop. The effects were assessed on grain yield, thousand grain weight, nodulation, root and shoot dry weight, N and P content in grains and leaves. The results obtained show that inoculation of soybean crop with Azosphera® inoculant, combined with 75% of the recommended phosphate fertilization, in general, provided higher nodulation and plant dry weight and increased grain yield compared to control, and these parameters also did not differ from treatment with complete phosphate fertilization. Thus, the results show that the use of Azosphera® inoculant promoted soybean plant growth and it was possible to compensate the 25% reduction in phosphate fertilization, without impairing the development and yield of soybean crop.</p> Itacir Eloi Sandini Isabela Martins Bueno Gato Anthony Hasegawa Sandini André Shigueyoshi Nakatani Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-16 2024-02-16 22 2 e3276 e3276 10.55905/oelv22n2-126 Risk of falling associated with the use of medicines in the elderly of the community https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3277 <p>Falls are multifactor events, where drug use is an important modifiable risk factor. The risk of falling increases with the aging process and is related to a number of consequences such as reduced functionality, injuries, fractures, hospital admissions, morbidity and mortality. The objective of this study was to evaluate the risk of falling associated with the use of medication in the elderly of the community in Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. This was an observational study, of a transversal character, carried out by means of individual interviews. The variables evaluated were: participant profile and social, clinical and drug histories. In addition, the Medication Fall Risk Score scale was applied. The study was approved by the Ethics Committee in Research with Human Beings of the Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul, through the opinion n° 5.839.799. The study included 50 elderly individuals with an average age of 66 years (±5.41), most of them female (n=36; 72.0%), with a full tertiary education (n=15; 30.0%), physical exercise (n=39; 78.0%), without any physical limitations (n=34; 68.0%), and without caregiver (n=47; 94.0%). In total, 29 drugs (22.3%) associated with the risk of falling were identified in the prescriptions. The most prescribed were losartan potassium (n=x; 23.5%), anlodipine besylate (n=x; 9.8%), valsartan (7.8%), metoprolol succinate (7.8%), and hydrochlorothiazide (7.8%). Considering the total number of prescription-related medicines identified as falling risk, 12 (36.4%), 5 (15.2%) and 15 (48.5%) were high, intermediate and low risk of falling, respectively. Ten elderly people (20.0%) were classified as high risk of falling associated with the use of medicines. The results showed that the use of drugs associated with the risk of falling was common among the elderly participants in this study, since most were in use of at least one drug associated with the risk of falling. The importance of the work of the pharmacist from community pharmacies and Primary Health Care in the evaluation and management, by means of health education, of the risk of falling associated with the use of medicines in the elderly population is suggested.</p> Ana Carolina Haag Bochnie Camila Guimarães Polisel Renata Trentin Perdomo Juliana Galete Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-16 2024-02-16 22 2 e3277 e3277 10.55905/oelv22n2-127 Ecological characteristics of collembola and soil chemical attributes in different phytophysiognomies https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3278 <p>Collembola is considered one of the most representativ groups of edaphic fauna. Its representatives have a wide distribution in the most varied types of soil and exert a significant influence on the microbial ecology of the soil, nutrient cycling and soil fertility. The study sought to analyze the chemical characteristics of the soil with the taxonomic richness and abundance of the Collembola fauna in the phytophysiognomies of primary forest, oil palm plantation and agroforestry system, in the municipality of Santa Barbara, Pará. Four field trips were carried out, with an area of 50x25 m being determined, with 12 sampling points, where pitfall traps were installed, which totaled 144 samples. The samples were preserved in 70% alcohol, and the springtails were quantified and identified at the family level. For the chemical characterization of the soil, a total of 108 samples were obtained with laboratory determination for each phytophysiognomy of pH, Al, Ca, Mg, K, P, N, Corg, Fe, Cu, Zn, Mn, CTC, SB, Cmicrob., Hmicrob., and moisture. This indicates that the colembofauna is strongly influenced by the chemical attributes of the soil and by the different phytophysiognomies.</p> Andreza Mesquita Martins Ana Lúcia Nunes Gutjahr Carlos Elias de Souza Braga Benedito Tavares Bechara Resque Júnior Wilson Figueiredo de Lima Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-16 2024-02-16 22 2 e3278 e3278 10.55905/oelv22n2-128 Entomofauna at the family level as bioindicators in four forest compositions in the south region of Brazil https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3279 <p>It is estimated that there are a total of 7 million insect species in the world filling the most different environments and that their populations are influenced by the environment in which they live and, therefore, it is a group that has been used in studies on the quality of the environment. This work aimed to study the diversity of the entomofauna at the family level in 4 forest compositions, identifying differences between areas and in 4 periods of the year. We installed 1 transect with 6 sampling points composed of 2 types of traps (pitfall and Carvalho-47) in the following forest compositions: preserved Mixed Ombrophylous Forest (FOM), <em>Pinus taeda</em> reforestation, managed FOM, and a plantation of <em>Ilex paraguariensis</em>. A total of 3,474 insects were collected between the years 2015 and 2016. Family diversity was calculated using Shannon's index for each sampling point in the evaluated areas. The diversity of families was statistically higher in the preserved FOM and lower in <em>P. taeda</em> reforestation, indicating that the diversity of families is impacted by severe changes in the environment because changes in ecological niches can influence the entomofauna community.</p> Lucas Zappia Barcik Karina Henkel Proceke de Deus Emílio Carlos Zilli Ruiz Erick Chagas Mustefaga Ezaquel Bednarczuk Daniele Ukan Luciano Farinha Watzlawick Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-16 2024-02-16 22 2 e3279 e3279 10.55905/oelv22n2-129 Elderly care, family and social policies in the braszilian reality: from na intersectional perspective https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3280 <p>The demand for care has been changing from childhood to old age at a time of demographic, epidemiological, socioeconomic and political transitions. The aim of this article was to discuss care from a perspective of social totality and intersectionality, considering its historical relationship with the gender perspective, which is more distinct between classes and by ethnicity / race in which exploitation, oppression and discrimination are added and intersected deepening social inequalities. It highlights the role and place of contemporary social policies in the provision of care and concludes that the policies, in addition to not being anchored in intersectionality, reproduce familism, social inequalities by sharing the responsibilities of social protection with numerous actors and institutions while the State assumes the role of regulator, “social risk management” or monitoring of care provided by family or non-governmental organizations, coordinating the service network.</p> Nayara de Holanda Vieira Solange Maria Teixeira Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-16 2024-02-16 22 2 e3280 e3280 10.55905/oelv22n2-130 Process of urbanization and urban occupation and its environmental, social and economic impacts https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3281 <p>Urbanization in Brazil has been carried out in a disorderly manner, as a result of which urban occupation has generated several environmental, social and economic impacts. With the uncontrolled urban expansion, it is observed the creation of communities, originally called favelas, built without observing the existing legislation, often built in prohibited areas, without an environmental impact study. Some public urbanization projects, whose main purpose is to create housing units, do not consider important situations such as location, ways of accessing schools, urban centers, which would require social and environmental planning, and immediately generate difficulties for the population involved, thus diverging from the social development goals of United Nations, especially the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 11, aimed at sustainable cities and communities. It is proposed to analyze the process of urbanization and urban occupation and its environmental, social and economic impacts, using as methodological strategies bibliographical and doctrinal research related to the theme. It was intended to provide public authorities with scientific content to support the reassessment of their master plans and other legislation, aimed at subdivision and land use, allowing an efficient confrontation of social, environmental and economic issues, as well as compliance with legislation and constitutional guarantees to its citizens.</p> Francisco Francinildo Oliveira Lima Odorico Konrad Anny Kariny Feitosa Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-16 2024-02-16 22 2 e3281 e3281 10.55905/oelv22n2-131 The training of pedagogues at the Universidade Federal de Rondônia and their preparation to work from the perspective of rural and in-clusive education https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3283 <p>In this article, we present an analysis of the Pedagogical Political Projects of the Pedagogy Degree Courses (PPCs) offered on the campuses of the Federal University of Rondônia (UNIR), focusing on the teacher training of the pedagogue from the perspective of Rural Education. The research is based on the assumption that, according to the 1988 Federal Constitution, everyone has the right to education, which implies the need for adequate teacher training to meet this demand, considering their socio-historical, economic, geographic and cultural singularities. Therefore, the general objective of this article is to analyze the offer of subjects that contribute to the training of professional Pedagogues, within the perspective of Rural Education that includes rural populations. The research uses bibliographic and documentary methods, with a qualitative approach, following the guidelines of Gil (2008) and Stake (2001). The PPCs of the six UNIR campuses were analyzed: Ariquemes, Guajará-Mirim, Ji-Paraná, Porto Velho, Rolim de Moura and Vilhena, which offer the degree course in Pedagogy, using the data available on the page of each course/campus. The results obtained in general, the UNIR campuses include in their curricula subjects referring to one or more groups that make up the rural populations, but they do not offer pedagogical practice subjects with an emphasis on Rural Education.</p> Eva da Silva Alves José Flávio da Paz Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-16 2024-02-16 22 2 e3283 e3283 10.55905/oelv22n2-132 Maturity of e-government in Brazilian municipalities: analysis of the dissemination of information and knowledge about the Covid-19 pandemic to Society https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3282 <p>Electronic government (e-gov) is a reality already experienced by citizens and organizations of different countries around the world. Governments of different levels can provide information and knowledge available through electronic channels in order to provide a better relationship between their institutions and society. This research aims to identify and classify the maturity of electronic portals of municipal governments in the five largest cities in Brazil regarding the dissemination of information and knowledge about the Covid-19 pandemic to society, classifying them according to the stages of maturity of electronic government proposed by Lechakoski and Tsunoda (2015). To acchieve this goal, a descriptive research of multiple cases was carried out, with the application of a documentary research protocol on the websites of the following Brazilian municipal governments: São Paulo (SP), Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Salvador (BA), Belo Horizonte (MG) and Fortaleza (CE). The results showed that the municipalities of São Paulo (SP) and Rio de Janeiro (RJ) showed greater compliance with the criteria analyzed in the model considered, being classified in the 'integrated' stage, the most developed level. The municipalities of Salvador, Belo Horizonte, and Fortaleza were classified in the transactional stage.</p> Filipe Pereira Nunes de Carvalho Paulo Ribeiro Felisoni Marcos Antonio Gaspar Ricardo Baptista Mutango Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-16 2024-02-16 22 2 e3282 e3282 10.55905/oelv22n2-133 Impact of primary care coverage on hospital admissions for conditions sensitive to primary care in the municipality of Rio Verde – GO https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3298 <p>The indicator Hospitalizations for Causes Sensitive to Primary Care (ICSAP) has been used as an indicator of access and quality of primary health care, and its high rates have been correlated with deficiencies in service coverage or an inadequate resolution capacity of primary care for certain basic health problems, The study was carried out with the objective of characterizing the rates of hospital admissions for causes sensitive to primary care in the city of Rio Verde – GO, as well as describing its historical series and verifying the impact of Primary Care coverage, in period from 2008 to 2018. Ecological time series study, whose data were collected from the Hospital Admissions System of the Unified Health System, based on the Brazilian List of Admissions for Conditions Sensitive to Primary Care. For data analysis, the research was divided into two axes: clinical-epidemiological and demographic aspects. The causes of hospitalizations for conditions sensitive to primary care were based on the list from the Ministry of Health. It was concluded that hospitalizations for conditions sensitive to primary care showed a reduction, while the coverage of primary care and the health strategy teams of the family, an increase was observed throughout the period analyzed. The three main groups with the highest percentage of hospitalizations for conditions sensitive to primary care were infectious gastroenteritis, followed by heart failure and lung diseases.</p> Ana Paula Felix Arantes Fabiana Machado Pires Bruna Almeida Pires Franco Oliveira Lilian Mara Vieira Monsalve Moraga Deise Aparecida de Almeida Pires Oliveira Renato Canevari Dutra da Silva Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-19 2024-02-19 22 2 e3298 e3298 10.55905/oelv22n2-134 Multivariate techniques for analyzing morphological characteristics of cactus pear genotypes in semiarid Brazil https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3299 <p>The objective of this study was to identify variables with better discriminatory power between treatments and reduce the dimensions of the original data set. Multivariate principal component analysis (PCA) and dendrogram clustering techniques were used on a data set of morphological characteristics of cactus pear genotypes. The palm genotypes of the genera Nopalea and Opuntia were arranged in a completely randomized design, with 30 treatments and six replications. After 180 days of cultivation, morphological characteristics were evaluated, including plant height (PH) and width (PW), total number of plant cladodes (NCP), length (CL), width (CW), perimeter (CP), cladode thickness (CT), cladode area (CA), active photosynthetic area (APA) and cladode area index (CAI). Varimax rotation with Kaiser normalization was used to prevent variables with greater explanatory capacity from affecting the rotation. Measurements were obtained as part of cluster model generation, using a full set of morphological variables for subsequent analysis of principal component and cluster analyses. The main components obtained were efficient in reducing the total variation accumulated in 30 original variables correlated to two linear combinations, which explained 81.04% of the total variation present in the original variables. Grouping using the Ward hierarchical method formed 3 groups, namely, group I consisted of genotypes F27, F48, G1, G14, G15, G20, G3, PC2, PCD, PM, T72, V07 and V20; group II was composed of the genotypes BA, F16, F34, G4, G5, OEA, OEM, POEA, T35, T80 and V19 and; group III was composed of genotypes F24, PC1, PC3, PC4, PC5 and V17. PCA demonstrated that APA, CAI, CA, NCP, PH, PW and CT are morphological variables that determine the best palm characteristics. The association of cactus morphological variables varied according to the genotypes, within each genus <em>Nopalea</em> and <em>Opuntia</em>. The genotypes with the best morphological characteristics were F27, F48, G1, G14, G15, G20, G3, PC2, PCD, PM, T72, V07 and V20.</p> Thiago de Sousa Melo Wandrick Hauss de Sousa João Paulo de Farias Ramos Felipe Queiroga Cartaxo Larissa Kellen da Cunha Morais Thais Thatiane dos Santos Souza Francinilda Alves de Sousa Jefferson Alves Viana Flávio Gomes de Oliveira Antoniel Florencio da Cruz Maísa Araújo Cordão Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-19 2024-02-19 22 2 e3299 e3299 10.55905/oelv22n2-135 Impacts of the Pandemic on the Gamer Industry https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3300 <p>This is an expanded fragment of the doctoral thesis on Gamer Content Production, which focuses on the impacts that the Covid19 pandemic had on the gamer market and on the production of content for this segment. As data on the pandemic on this market are released periodically, this article seeks to consolidate the information up to this point, released by research institutes and by observing the transformations resulting from the social impacts of these changes. The central question was to observe how social isolation impacted the consumption of games and the consumption of gamer content during the beginning of the pandemic and what fluctuations can already be observed to date. The main finding is that there was an increase in the consumption of games and related content during the first months of the pandemic and that, as the months went by, there was a natural accommodation.</p> Missila Loures Cardozo Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-19 2024-02-19 22 2 e3300 e3300 10.55905/oelv22n2-136 Investigation of studies involving the prospection of chemical compounds with antioxidant and antimicrobial potential from maytenus guianensis Klotzsch Ex Reissek in the north region: a brief review https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3301 <p>Among the members of the Celastraceae family, the genus Maytenus stands out for having the highest number of species, and one of these species is <em>Maytenus guianensis</em>, popularly known as chichuá, xixuá, chuchahuasi, chucchu huashu, chuchuasi, and chuchasha. It is a medium-sized tree typical of the Amazon rainforest with various therapeutic properties. Despite its prevalent use in traditional medicine, there is a gap in the phytochemical exploration of the species in the Amazon, especially in the Alto Solimões region. Thus, this study evaluated the current state of research related to the biological activities and identification of chemical compounds in <em>M. guianensis</em> in the northern region. For this purpose, articles were selected from the Google Scholar and Scielo databases, covering the period from 2007 to 2022, as well as dissertations and theses within the same timeframe. A total of 50 scientific works were consulted, including 20 dissertations, 10 theses, and 20 articles. The analysis of the studies revealed, in general, that the roots, bark, stems, and leaves of <em>M. guianensis</em> exhibit various biological properties, including analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antirheumatic, antidiarrheal, antioxidant, muscle relaxant, anticytotoxic, antimutagenic, antigyotoxic, antimicrobial, and antiparasitic actions. Regarding the isolated chemical compounds from the species, these occur in different parts of the plant, with the majority belonging to the terpene class, notably 3-oxo-friedelane triterpene, 29-hydroxyfriedelan-3-one triterpene, 16β-hydroxyfriedelan-3-one triterpene, tingenin B, and tingenone. Finally, the dissemination of this study is of utmost relevance as it encourages further research with medicinal plants, particularly focusing on <em>M. guianensis</em>. This effort will significantly contribute to the advancement of scientific knowledge about medicinal plants in the Alto Solimões Region.</p> Naíra Assunção de Sá Holanda João de Brito Moreira Sarah Raquel Silveira da Silva Santiago Elzalina Ribeiro Soares Richardson Alves de Almeida Ketlen Christine Ohse Paulo Alexandre Lima Santiago Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-19 2024-02-19 22 2 e3301 e3301 10.55905/oelv22n2-137 Immanuel Kant: elucidations on education and moral development https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3302 <p>This text seeks to present the contributions of the philosopher Immanuel Kant with regard to pedagogical practice and its relationship with the development of morality. These themes are found in his works: <em>Foundations of the Metaphysics of Customs</em> (1785), <em>Critique of Practical Reason</em> (1788) and <em>On Pedagogy</em> (1803). Based on these, the aim is to present some of the philosopher's points about the importance of instruction for the moral formation of the individual, based on the understanding that negative discipline and positive instruction are essential elements in this construction. For Kant, education must begin in childhood and be geared towards moral evolution, since it is not innate and must be cultivated. This morality, according to Kant, needs to be based exclusively on reason, since all humans are equally rational and all are subject to the same moral law. As a result, the action must be performed out of respect for the moral law, even if it is contrary to personal inclinations or brings harm to the agent himself. In order to be sure that your action is in accordance with the moral law, you need to reflect on the possibility of its universalization, in other words, whether it can be carried out by all human beings without harming anyone. In this sense, only morality based entirely on reason can preserve the dignity of human beings and promote their progress.</p> Juliana Cristhina Murari Assunção Paulo Fraga da Silva Marco Aurelio da Assunção Jacqueline Hartmann Armindo Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-19 2024-02-19 22 2 e3302 e3302 10.55905/oelv22n2-138 Modelling commercial biomass of native yerba mate in the South-Center region of Paraná https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3303 <p>The cultivation of the yerba mate species is of great importance, as in addition to helping to preserve forest remnants, it is also a source of income for rural producers. However, incorrect management can result in low productivity in yerba mate cultivation. Therefore, it is of great importance to evaluate the production of this species, using appropriate techniques. Thus, the present study aimed to evaluate the commercial biomass (BC) of a native yerba mate cultivation system, as well as adjust equations to estimate commercial biomass individually and per hectare for yerba mate in similar conditions. The study area is located on a private property in the municipality of Inácio Martins, where permanent sampling units were installed with a total area of 1.25 ha, in which data were collected from all yerba mate individuals that were pruned to obtain commercial biomass, and some dendometric variables were then measured. Based on the collected variables, commercial biomass estimates were made by applying the Stepwise Forward procedure. In addition to individual BC estimates for yerba mate, equations were also adjusted for estimates per unit area (ha). To evaluate the fit of the equations, the following criteria were used: the adjusted Coefficient of Determination (R²aj), the Standard Error of the Estimate in percentage (Syx%) and the graphical distribution of the residuals. The Stepwise procedure adjusted the best equations, with values for the coefficient of determination above 0.8 for individual estimates and above 0.9 for estimates per hectare and errors between 20 and 30% for both situations. Estimates of commercial yerba mate biomass using a single, easily obtainable variable showed errors of around 40% and heterogeneity in the graphic dispersion of residues. The use of the Stpewise tool can enable a better economic assessment of yerba mate managed areas.</p> Pablo Signor Luciano Farinha Watzlawick Gabriela Schmitz Gomes Emílio Carlos Zilli Ruiz Alexandre Techy de Almeida Garrett Carla Fernanda Mussio Milayne Lopes Rickli Eder Lopes Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-19 2024-02-19 22 2 e3303 e3303 10.55905/oelv22n2-139 Influencers and Influence: the dissemination of information in times of fake news and post-truth https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3304 <p>The end of 2023 was marked, on Brazilian social networks, by a tragedy: the death of a 22-year-old young woman, influenced by a relatively new phenomenon in the social spectrum, the so-called fake news. Given the repercussion of the fact, this work has as its object of study the phenomenon of information dissemination on social networks, under the scope of social network X (formerly Twitter). Based on an information diffusion model, this research has, as a general objective, to evaluate the dissemination of information on social network. Specific objectives include investigating the relevance of the information dissemination model to the issue of disseminating fake news; test the information diffusion model with experimental data obtained from the social network X and validate the results obtained in numerical simulations arising from the information diffusion model. It is concluded, therefore, that the lower the estimated real reach of a post, the longer the information dissemination process will take, which would justify the introduction of joint work between different profiles in partnership with bots to increase the engagement of a post.</p> Ana Carolina Carius Maxwel Pinto Vieira Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-19 2024-02-19 22 2 e3304 e3304 10.55905/oelv22n2-140 Cotton farming in the different mesoregions of Mato Grosso and land use and cover between 2019 and 2021 https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3305 <p>Cotton is a major agricultural crop in Brazil, particularly in the state of Mato Grosso. Despite its significance, little is known about the spatial and temporal distribution of cotton farming and its environmental impacts in the region. This study aims to evaluate the presence of cotton farming in various mesoregions of Mato Grosso and assess soil use and coverage trends between 2019 and 2021. Utilizing satellite images provided by Mapbiomas, the dynamics of cotton cultivation were analyzed. The results reveal that the Northern Mesoregion has the largest cotton cultivation area, although it represents a small fraction of overall land use, with forest formations being predominant. The Northeast and Southeast Mesoregions also exhibit an increase in cotton areas, albeit on a smaller scale. Moreover, significant changes in land use are associated with livestock and soybeans, which dominate most studied mesoregions. The study concludes that cotton farming has limited expansion in Mato Grosso, presenting lower environmental impact compared to other human activities. Nevertheless, continuous monitoring of the crop and the adoption of sustainable soil and water management practices are recommended.</p> Luiz Antonio Silvio Pereira Ademir Kleber Morbeck de Oliveira Cristiano Galafassi Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-19 2024-02-19 22 2 e3305 e3305 10.55905/oelv22n2-141 Dendrological characteristics of tree species of the Papilionoideae subfamily in a cerrado sensu stricto physiognomy, Tocantins, Brazil https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3306 <p>The Cerrado harbors 5% of the entire biological diversity of the planet, and also presents about 11 phytophysiognomies which vary from forest formations to country and savanna compositions, according to their aspect and composition. In view of the great diversity of species in the <em>Fabaceae</em> family and the consequent difficulty in recognizing them, more studies are needed to contribute to the correct identification of species, aiming toward better presentation of the collected data. The present work aims to elaborate/create a key for dendrological identification of some tree species of the <em>Papilionoideae</em> subfamily. The work was developed at the Federal University of Tocantins, campus of Gurupi, TO, Brazil. The identification key was elaborated based on the dendrological and morphological descriptions identified in the sampled species, namely: habit, trunk morphology, aspects of the bark (rhytidome and dehiscence), leaves (type, phyllotaxis, characteristics of the petiole, presence and type of stipule, nervation, color, characterization of the rachis, presence of glands, margin of the limb, scars), presence or absence of other characteristics (latex and other exudation, lenticels, thorns or aculeles). The dendrological identification key provided better visualization of the collected data, enabling quick and easy identification of the plant species sampled.</p> João Lucas Aires Dias Lorena Camargos de Souza Rodolfo Medeiros Trinetto Isabella Batista Barros Josefa Andressa da Silva Miranda Renata Carvalho da Silva Priscila Bezerra de Souza Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-19 2024-02-19 22 2 e3306 e3306 10.55905/oelv22n2-142 Don’t mess with my mom, or else! A regional representation of price transmission from finished cattle prices to calf prices https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3308 <p>This study aims to assess both price transmission and interdependence between finished cattle arroba prices and calf prices in major Brazilian beef cattle markets. It used causality tests and regression models based on Houck to analyze interdependence and the price transmission from finished cattle arroba to calf prices from 2014 to 2022. Findings pointed to interdependent relationship between finished cattle arroba prices and calf prices. They also showed that price transmission from finished cattle arroba prices to calf prices was symmetric for current transmission and asymmetric for forecast transmission in all markets. The contribution of this study is its original test of the symmetry hypothesis of price transmission from beef cattle of different stages/categories and planning horizons.</p> Odilon José de Oliveira Neto Josilene da Silva Barbosa Simone Oliveira Rezende Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-19 2024-02-19 22 2 e3308 e3308 10.55905/oelv22n2-143 Perceptions of community health agents about violence against elderly of people https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3309 <p>Violence against the elderly is a serious public health problem, which has been growing and interfering with the quality of life of this population group. In view of this, this article aims to investigate the perceptions of community health agents (CHA) about violence against elderly people and their knowledge about this topic. To this end, one exploratory and descriptive research was carried out with a qualitative approach based on interviews with seven health agents, whose contents were analyzed using the MAXQDA <em>Analytics Pro</em> 2020 Software. This search resulted in two categories: “weaknesses in working with violence to the elderly” and “the power of the multidisciplinary team, of home visits, qualified listening and teaching-service integration” with their respective subcategories. In speech of the CHAs, the lack of knowledge of the coping network was emphatically pointed out, which is a great weakness, proving to be a challenge to be overcome. In short, community agents are at an impasse in recognizing the Network to combat violence against the elderly, with a notable lack of training and ongoing education to deal with this social problem. It is necessary to develop qualification strategies for CHWs, and also for the institutions participating in the Network to combat the elderly to be strengthened, enhancing the monitoring of proposed actions in cases of violence.</p> Lerissa Nauana Ferreira Kátia Fernanda Alves Moreira Tathiane Souza de Oliveira Alinne Oliveira da Silva Martins Daiana Evangelista Rodrigues Fernandes Cleson Oliveira de Moura Adriana Dias Silva Vitor Fernandes Farias de Moraes Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-19 2024-02-19 22 2 e3309 e3309 10.55905/oelv22n2-144 Monitoring and evaluation of a compact system for gray water treatment and agricultural use https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3310 <p>Water reuse is necessary for industrial, commercial and domestic activities, being a reality in several countries, but not yet widespread in Brazil, an efficient instrument for managing water resources and minimizing water scarcity in the semi-arid region. The aim is to monitor a compact gray water treatment and agricultural use station, consisting of a septic tank, anaerobic filter and artificial ultraviolet reactor, which was installed in an experimental area of the Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-Árido, Mossoró/RN. From October to December 2017, the system's treatment performance was evaluated through physical-chemical analyses: Biochemical Oxygen Demand, Chemical Oxygen Demand, pH, electrical conductivity and turbidity, microbiological: Total coliforms and <em>Escherichia coli</em> of gray water with and without treatment, in order to meet the standards established for water reuse for agricultural and forestry purposes. The results indicated that the system showed efficiency in removing the studied variables and, consequently, meeting the maximum permissible standards, with the exception of turbidity and <em>Escherichia coli</em>.</p> Maria Elidayane da Cunha Rafael Oliveira Batista Geisiane Xavier de Matos Arthur Lira Vasconcelos de Sousa Layla Bruna Lopes Reges Laio Ariel Leite de Paiva Blake Charles Diniz Marques Francisco de Oliveira Mesquita Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-19 2024-02-19 22 2 e3310 e3310 10.55905/oelv22n2-145 Evaluation of body fat percentage in healthy adults with changes in kidney function https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3315 <p>Introduction: Obesity is a pathology with multifactorial etiology. A high percentage of body fat favors the development of numerous comorbidities such as chronic kidney disease (CKD). This work aims to evaluate the percentage of fat in healthy adults with changes in kidney function. Methods: the sample consisted of participants of both sexes, aged 18 years or over. Data collection was carried out through a questionnaire with sociodemographic questions and lifestyle habits, and measurement of anthropometric measurements and blood pressure. For statistical analysis, SPSS software version 19.0 was used. Results: The sample consisted of 244 participants, 76.2% (n=186) were female and 23.8% (n=58) were male. The average age was 46.14 ± 15.19 years. 56.6% (n=138) are healthy adults and 43.4% (n=106) have changes in renal function. The variables weight, WC and WC presented higher mean values in the renal group in relation to the group of healthy adults, and the variables age, BMI, WHtR, Cpes, SBP and DBP presented a higher median value. Finally, there was a high prevalence of altered BF% in the renal group in relation to the control (healthy group). Conclusion: based on the results obtained, the importance of monitoring the nutritional status of patients with CKD is confirmed, in order to maintain an adequate nutritional status, control metabolic changes and control the progression of kidney damage, providing a better quality of life for these patients. population.</p> Anna Cyntia Brandão Nascimento Maniçoba Nilviane Pires Silva Sousa Guilherme de Oliveira Lima Alex Oliveira Barradas Filho José Antônio Costa Leite Érika Cristina Ribeiro de Lima Carneiro João Pedro Pimentel Abreu Ewaldo Eder Carvalho Santana Allan Kardec Duailibe Barros Filho Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-19 2024-02-19 22 2 e3315 e3315 10.55905/oelv22n2-146 Avaliação do percentual de gordura corporal em adultos hígidos e com alteração na função renal https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3311 <p>Introdução: A obesidade é uma patologia com etiologia multifatorial. Um alto percentual de gordura corporal favorece o desenvolvimento de inúmeras comorbidades como a doença renal crônica (DRC). Este trabalho tem como objetivo avaliar o percentual de gordura em adultos saudáveis ​​com alterações na função renal. Métodos: a amostra foi composta por participantes de ambos os sexos, com idade igual ou superior a 18 anos. A coleta de dados foi realizada por meio de questionário com questões sociodemográficas e hábitos de vida, e aferição de medidas antropométricas e pressão arterial. Para análise estatística foi utilizado o software SPSS versão 19.0. Resultados: A amostra foi composta por 244 participantes, 76,2% (n=186) eram do sexo feminino e 23,8% (n=58) do sexo masculino. A média de idade foi de 46,14 ± 15,19 anos. 56,6% (n=138) são adultos saudáveis ​​e 43,4% (n=106) apresentam alterações na função renal. As variáveis ​​peso, CC e CC apresentaram maiores valores médios no grupo renal em relação ao grupo de adultos saudáveis, e as variáveis ​​idade, IMC, RCE, Cpes, PAS e PAD apresentaram maior mediana. Por fim, houve alta prevalência de %GC alterado no grupo renal em relação ao controle (grupo saudável). Conclusão: com base nos resultados obtidos, confirma-se a importância do acompanhamento do estado nutricional dos pacientes com DRC, a fim de manter um estado nutricional adequado, controlar as alterações metabólicas e controlar a progressão do dano renal, proporcionando melhor qualidade de vida a estes pacientes. população.</p> Anna Cyntia Brandão Nascimento Maniçoba Nilviane Pires Silva Sousa Guilherme de Oliveira Lima Alex Oliveira Barradas Filho José Antônio Costa Leite Érika Cristina Ribeiro de Lima Carneiro João Pedro Pimentel Abreu Ewaldo Eder Carvalho Santana Allan Kardec Duailibe Barros Filho Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-19 2024-02-19 22 2 e3311 e3311 10.55905/oelv22n2-147 Capacidade produtiva da cultura do Crambe abyssinica Hochst em resposta aos níveis de adubação e correção do solo https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3316 <p>O desenvolvimento sustentável é um parâmetro adotado globalmente na atual conjuntura, buscando desenvolver o máximo para suprir as necessidades do mercado atual sem interferir nas gerações futuras. Dessa forma, a adoção do biodiesel como um biocombustível é um viés de sustentabilidade interessante por utilizar uma biomassa renovável como matéria prima para produção de energia e biocombustíveis, reduzindo assim, os impactos causados pelo constante uso de combustíveis fósseis. O <em>Crambe abyssinica</em> é uma espécie de planta oleaginosa, ou seja, capaz de produzir um alto teor de óleo em suas estruturas, que apresenta um bom potencial para produção de óleo em seus frutos. Dessa forma, esse estudo tem o objetivo de analisar o melhor desenvolvimento da cultura. O estudo foi realizado na cidade de Belém, na UFRA, em casa de vegetação do instituto de ciências agrárias (ICA), utilizando um delineamento inteiramente casualizado com quatro diferentes fertilizantes com e sem correção do solo, analisando as variáveis fitométricas: “Altura”, “Quantidade de folhas”, “Peso da massa fresca de raiz e também da parte aérea”; em um período de 60 dias, em casa de vegetação. Concluindo que a adubação orgânica com solo corrigido proporcionou os melhores resultados do experimento.</p> Mauro Junior Borges Pacheco Jessivaldo Rodrigues Galvão Mateus Augusto de Carvalho Santana Vanessa Melo de Freitas Thiago Costa Viana Thalita Alves Cirilo Batista Valdeci Junior Fonseca Pinheiro Alessandra Marie Ohashi Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-19 2024-02-19 22 2 e3316 e3316 10.55905/oelv22n2-148 Demografia e ciclo de vida de Daphnia Magna, submetida à toxicidade do óleo de andiroba utilizado como repelente natural https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3317 <p>A <em>Daphnia magna</em> é um organismo modelo comum usado em testes toxicológicos, pois é amplamente distribuída em ambientes aquáticos, e tem um ciclo de vida curto e é fácil de criar em laboratório. Para o cultivo de cladóceros e para experimentos foi usada água natural e algas da espécie <em>Chlorella sorokiniana</em>, como dieta. Para a cultura de Daphnias foi utilizado o meio EPA modificado. E as condições experimentais gerais foram: frascos transparentes de 50 mL, na proporção 1:1, de água do meio e substância teste, nos tratamentos e controle com água do meio, onde cada frasco de teste recebeu 10 neonatos (&lt;24 h) do organismo teste, <em>Daphnia magna</em>. Foram determinados cálculos relacionados à análise demográfica, como duração média de vida, expectativa de vida, taxa bruta de reprodução, taxa liquida da de reprodução, tempo de geração e taxa intrínseca de crescimento populacional. Em geral, a toxicidade do óleo de andiroba promoveu em&nbsp;<em>Daphnia magna</em>, mortalidades em relação ao controle, independente de qualquer concentração testada. Os padrões de fertilidade de <em>D. magna</em> mostraram diminuição na produção de neonatos com o aumento da concentração do óleo de andiroba. Os resultados do experimento indicaram que o óleo de andiroba teve efeitos tóxicos em&nbsp;<em>Daphnia magna</em>, sendo importante para avaliar a segurança desse produto químico, contribuindo significativamente para a compreensão dos riscos associados ao seu uso.</p> Silvana Daniel da Silva Karissa Conceição Souza Mária de Fátima Marinho Pereira Erlei Cassiano Keppeler Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-19 2024-02-19 22 2 e3317 e3317 10.55905/oelv22n2-149 Condições de vida e saúde de usuários da Atenção Básica e o desenvolvimento de ações educativas em um município do Maranhão https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3318 <p>As condições socioeconômicas e ambientais impactam a saúde da população; neste cenário a Atenção Básica é fundamental no sistema de saúde para enfrentamento das desigualdades sociais e para o desenvolvimento de ações educativas para melhorar as condições de vida e promoção da saúde. Assim, o objetivo deste estudo foi investigar o perfil social, de saúde e as ações educativas no contexto das doenças crônicas não transmissíveis desenvolvidas para adultos e idosos de Unidades Básicas de Saúde de um município do Maranhão, Brasil. Para tanto, foi desenvolvido um estudo transversal, com 124 usuários, de março a julho de 2022. Foram analisadas características demográficas, socioeconômicas, estilo de vida, saúde e atividades educativas desenvolvidas em Unidades Básicas de Saúde (UBS). As associações entre as variáveis foram realizadas pelo teste <em>qui-quadrado</em> (p&lt;0,05). A maioria dos participantes era do sexo feminino (75,00%). A prevalência de hipertensão arterial foi 29,84% e diabetes <em>mellitus </em>(22,58%), sem diferença entre sexos (p&gt;0,05). O excesso de peso atingiu 68,00% dos adultos e 50,00% dos idosos, sendo maior nas mulheres adultas (p=0,013). As mulheres eram menos tabagistas (p=0,002), consumiam menos bebida alcoólica (p=0,002) e praticavam menos atividade física (p=0,004) que os homens. As atividades educativas desenvolvidas pela equipe de trabalho nas UBS foram promoção da alimentação adequada e saudável, planejamento familiar, saúde sexual, saúde mental e doenças transmissíveis; com escassez daquelas direcionadas para as doenças crônicas. Estas atividades seguiam uma lógica mensal e não tinham avaliação posterior. Assim, os participantes apresentaram prevalências consideráveis de doenças crônicas. Ações em saúde são executadas, porém sem avaliação posterior. Há necessidade em intensificar estratégias educativas eficazes no âmbito da Atenção Básica do município, especialmente daquelas relacionadas às doenças crônicas e seus fatores de risco modificáveis.</p> Taisa Gomes Silva Alessandra Feitosa Neves Geovane Nascimento Aguiar Maria de Jesus Cabral Neves Neiliane Silva Amaral Lilian Fernanda Pereira Cavalcante Samíria de Jesus Lopes Santos-Sodré Luana Lopes Padilha Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-19 2024-02-19 22 2 e3318 e3318 10.55905/oelv22n2-150 Utilização da termografia ir no esporte de alto rendimento https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3319 <p>Introdução: O estudo se pauta na utilização da termografia IR no esporte de alto rendimento. A termografia consiste em uma técnica não invasiva que se utiliza de uma câmera térmica de Infravermelho (IR), específica, que capta a radiação IR emitida pelo corpo através da pele. É um método complementar de imagem para a avaliação de risco de lesão por identificar de forma eficiente a alternância da temperatura no corpo do atleta. Com alternância de temperatura em pontos avaliados o profissional avaliador pode sugerir uma atividade metabólica aumentada e isso pode indicar regiões com uma inflamação em atividade, e isso é o que na termografia classificamos como hiper-reatividade. Objetivo: O artigo tem como objetivo abordar a importância da técnica, como ferramenta, para a prevenção de lesão no esporte de alto rendimento. Método: O artigo apresenta um levantamento bibliográfico referente à utilização da Termografia no Infravermelho (IR). Trata se de um estudo exploratório e de cunho qualitativo. Resultados: Avalia-se que a literatura tem demonstrado a importância desta técnica no esporte, uma vez que sua aplicação é simples, eficaz e propicia um maior controle na recuperação muscular dos atletas e uma prevenção de lesões em outras estruturas que no esporte acabam sendo mais exigidas, como as articulações, ligamentos e tendões. Conclusão: Pode-se concluir que a termografia é uma importante e fidedigna ferramenta no acompanhamento dos esforços causados pelos treinamentos e competições, sendo relevante para o controle do desgaste físico e diagnóstico de lesões musculares.</p> Fabiano de Barros Souza Miguel Neto Ambrósio Roberto Gomes Monção Flavia Villaça Morais Iury Rojahn Denilson Nogueira de Moraes Daniel Vilela Nogueira Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-19 2024-02-19 22 2 e3319 e3319 10.55905/oelv22n2-151 Abscesso de cisto de úraco em adulto: um relato de caso https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3329 <p>O úraco é uma estrutura tubular presente no feto localizado entre a bexiga e o cordão umbilical e contribui para o processo de eliminação das escórias nitrogenadas. Ele desaparece em torno do 4º mês de gestação. Quando o ducto não se fecha após o nascimento, pode ocasionar alguma anomalia, sendo o cisto de úraco a mais comum. Objetivou-se relatar um caso de cisto de úraco com formação de abscesso, a fim de evidenciar os achados clínicos e de imagem do paciente e narrar a conduta tomada diante do caso. Os dados foram obtidos a partir de uma revisão de prontuário e de exames de imagens. Trata-se de um paciente do sexo feminino de 60 anos com quadro de dor persistente no hipogástrio e disúria com evolução de 4 semanas. A ultrassonografia e a tomografia de abdome evidenciaram imagem de coleção intra-abdominal, medindo 4,9 x 4,5 cm, compatível com abscesso no trajeto do úraco. O caso relatado demonstra que quanto mais precoce for o diagnóstico e a correção cirúrgica, menor é a chance de complicações, uma vez que a ocorrência do quadro envolve importante risco associado, visto que há potencial para fistulização e/ou acometimento de estruturas adjacentes, podendo originar quadros de infecções sistêmicas. Por sua vez, a literatura não aponta para um consenso em relação à abordagem terapêutica definitiva para a condição. A intervenção de escolha neste caso foi a ressecção cirúrgica completa do tecido anômalo e de uma porção da parede abdominal adjacente associada com cistectomia parcial. Optou-se por essa modalidade por favorecer uma boa resolutividade e uma boa evolução pós-operatória. Por fim, a análise histopatológica do tecido é imprescindível, visto que há associação com processos neoplásicos, os quais foram descartados no presente caso.</p> Wesley Queiroz Muniz Yasmin Azevedo de Souza João Vítor Araújo Serique Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-20 2024-02-20 22 2 e3329 e3329 10.55905/oelv22n2-152 A commoditização agrícola como fator de manutenção e aprofundamento da condição de subdesenvolvimento do Brasil https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3330 <p>O subdesenvolvimento no Brasil tem raízes históricas, que abarcam inclusive o modelo de agricultura, que desde o início da colonização, foi utilizado no país. A forma de industrialização e da modernização das práticas agrícolas brasileiras lançaram o país como um grande produtor de <em>commodities</em> agrícolas, o que atrelou sua economia aos acontecimentos externos. Por isso, o presente artigo tem como objetivo demonstrar, a partir da teoria do subdesenvolvimento de Celso Furtado, como o processo de <em>commoditização</em> da agricultura brasileira contribui para manter e aprofundar o país nessa condição. A modernização dos processos agrícolas na América Latina foi um processo pensado para esta região, com o intuito de explorar a sua grande biodiversidade e quantidade de matéria-prima. Atinente a isso, as diversas formas de exploração, neste trabalho demonstradas por meio da produção de <em>commodities</em> agrícolas, geram inúmeras vulnerabilidades políticas, econômicas e sociais, relegando ao Brasil, a permanência na condição de país subdesenvolvido. Metodologicamente, o presente trabalho, aproxima-se de uma abordagem qualitativa, orientada pelo método indutivo, utilizando-se de revisão bibliográfica crítica. À luz da análise realizada é possível desmistificar a ideia de que o país poderá atingir o patamar de país desenvolvido sem a superação das atuais estruturas econômicas, sociais e políticas.</p> Andressa Zanco Nilvania Aparecida de Mello Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-20 2024-02-20 22 2 e3330 e3330 10.55905/oelv22n2-153 Análise multivariada e geoestatística: formação e espacialização de grupos de espécies florestais sob um plantio de Araucaria angustifólia https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3331 <p>Este trabalho objetivou verificar se os resultados da Análise Multivariada, na formação de padrões de distribuição de espécies em parcelas utilizando os seus índices de valor de cobertura em uma floresta sob um plantio de araucária, podem ser complementados e espacializados por meio de ferramentas de Geoestatística. A área de estudo encontra-se na Floresta Nacional (FLONA) de Irati. Os dados utilizados são provenientes de 40 subparcelas de 625 m² distribuídas ao longo de 10 parcelas permanentes de um hectare cada, remedidas em 2014, instaladas em um plantio de <em>Araucaria angustifolia </em>de aproximadamente 75 anos. Inicialmente foi realizado uma análise fitossociológica para a obtenção do índice de valor de cobertura (IVC), parâmetro utilizado para a Análise de Agrupamento (<em>Cluster</em>) e Análise Discriminante. Com a formação dos grupos e conhecimento das principais espécies discriminantes de cada um deles, utilizou-se de ferramentas de geoestatística (krigagem ordinária e IDW) para espacializar as regiões de ocorrência de cada grupo, utilizando o IVC das espécies discriminantes. A análise de agrupamento formou três grupos, sendo o primeiro formado por nove subparcelas, o segundo por 19 e o terceiro por 12 subparcelas. As principais espécies discriminantes de cada grupo foram <em>Syagrus romanzoffiana, Casearia sylvestris </em>e <em>Psychotria vellosiana</em>, respectivamente. Pela análise discriminante, foi detectado erro de agrupamento para a subparcela 19, devendo ser agrupada no Grupo 2. Em relação a geoestatística, apesar das validações cruzadas apresentarem resultados pouco satisfatórios, os mapas finais gerados pelo IVC das espécies discriminantes de cada grupo demonstraram resultados similares aos encontrados pela Análise Multivariada, captando situações específicas como o ocorrido na subparcela 19. Desta forma, pode-se concluir que a utilização conjunta de ferramentas de Análise Multivariada e Geoestatística podem colaborar para o conhecimento e espacialização de grupos distintos de espécies arbóreas em florestas regeneradas.</p> Carla Fernanda Mussio Emílio Carlos Zilli Ruiz Tarik Cuchi Milayne Lopes Rickli Tiago Grespan Karina Henkel Proceke de Deus Alexandre Techy de Almeida Garrett Andrea Nogueira Dias Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-20 2024-02-20 22 2 e3331 e3331 10.55905/oelv22n2-154 Therapeutic profile of hospitalized hypertensive patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome in a reference center in cardiology urgency and emergency in the Amazon region https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3332 <p>Introdução: A hipertensão arterial é umas das doenças crônicas mais frequentes da atualidade e um importante fator de risco para o desencadeamento de patologias, como o infarto agudo do miocárdio. Para evitar esses agravos, a adesão ao tratamento medicamentoso e não medicamentoso é imprescindível.&nbsp; Objetivos: É investigar, no nível da atenção primária à saúde, a adesão terapêutica dos pacientes com HAS e, no nível da atenção especializada, a gravidade de suas complicações em casos não controlados, especificamente da síndrome coronariana aguda, na população amazônica. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo observacional transversal, desenvolvido de março a maio de 2022, o qual participaram do estudo 205 indivíduos, de ambos os sexos, maiores de 18 anos, com diagnóstico prévio ou durante a admissão de hipertensão primária admitidos durante Síndrome Coronariana Aguda (SCA) Resultados: Investigou-se a adesão terapêutica de 205 pacientes com hipertensão arterial sistêmica (HAS) atendidos na Fundação Hospital de Clínicas Gaspar Vianna do Pará, entre março e maio de 2022. Notavelmente, 73,7% dos pacientes estavam em acompanhamento em Unidades Básicas de Saúde (UBS), com razões diversas para não aderir ao tratamento na UBS, como falta de percepção da necessidade (27,8%) e longas esperas por consultas (14,8%). Os resultados destacam a importância do acompanhamento na atenção primária para reduzir complicações cardiovasculares. A pesquisa também abordou o conhecimento dos pacientes sobre o tratamento da hipertensão, a adesão à medicação e a incidência de complicações cardiovasculares, fornecendo insights cruciais para aprimorar a abordagem clínica na população amazônica. Conclusão: É imperativo a melhoria no âmbito da condução do paciente com HAS na atenção primaria, para diminuir a dura realidade das complicações cardiovasculares que levam a hospitalizações frequentes. A educação do paciente, integração da equipe multidisciplinar e alinhamento de expectativas e metas entre médico e paciente permitir evitar o surgimento e progressão de fatores de risco para essa população.</p> Lucianna Serfaty de Holanda Yuji Magalhães Ikuta Dilma do Socorro Moraes de Souza Vitor Bruno Teixeira de Holanda Márcio César Ribeiro Marvão Mayra Ferreira Bezerra Fernando Maia Coutinho Thiago da Silva Paulo Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-20 2024-02-20 22 2 e3332 e3332 10.55905/oelv22n2-155 Pós-democracia: a antessala para o (neo)fascismo no Brasil https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3333 <p>Pensado a partir das mudanças no cenário político brasileiro, o presente artigo pretende analisar a conjuntura contemporânea brasileira, a fim de entender a crise da democracia no país. A nossa hipótese é que as transmutações promovidas pelo neoliberalismo no Brasil estimularam um novo paradigma estatal, a pós-democracia, propiciando a ascensão de um movimento de caráter (neo)fascista. Para isso, serão analisadas as transformações condicionadas pelo Golpe jurídico-parlamentar de 2016 - entendendo-o como ponto de inflexão para o estabelecimento desse novo paradigma - que debilitou ainda mais a democracia, transformando-a num mero conjunto de procedimentos, esgarçando as instituições liberais, embora resguardando uma aparência democrática. O resultado deste panorama é a concentração obsessiva de ainda mais capital, o aprofundamento da desigualdade social, bem como um Estado a serviço dos interesses do mercado. Tal lógica solapa a própria vida política, recrudescendo movimentos autoritários e práticas políticas de cunho fascista.</p> Victor Leandro Chaves Gomes Virginia Maria Belinot Souza Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-20 2024-02-20 22 2 e3333 e3333 10.55905/oelv22n2-156 Pharmacological application of microemulsion formulated with rhizopus sp extract https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3334 <p>Fungi have been recognized as a great source of bioactive metabolites with great medical and pharmaceutical applicability. The objective of this work was to produce a fungal extract from Rhizopus spp and identify the secondary metabolites obtained, followed by preparation of a microemulsion formulated with Rhizopus sp extract; characterizing its antioxidant and antimicrobial activity. Among the metabolites obtained, sorbitol, linoleic acid, oleic acid, palmitic acid, and stearic acid stand out. The formulated microemulsion proved to be an effective pharmacological presentation in preserving the metabolites obtained from the fungal extract, and also potentiating in relation to the extract, when comparing the antioxidant activity and antimicrobial action.</p> Valéria Maria Sousa Leitão Marcos Valério Vieira Lyrio Gabriela Vanini Carolina Borges Cordeiro Matheus Filipe Leitão de Oliveira Matheus Oliveira do Nascimento Marcelo Souza de Andrade André Luis Menezes Carvalho Arlan Silva Freitas Wanderson Romão Flávia Castello Branco Vidal Amanda Mara Teles Maria do Desterro Soares Brandão do Nascimento Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-20 2024-02-20 22 2 e3334 e3334 10.55905/oelv22n2-157 Perfil socioeconômico de estudantes de fisioterapia no Centro-Oeste do Paraná e a incidência da utilização do cigarro eletrônico nessa população: um estudo observacional https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3335 <p>O objetivo deste artigo foi descrever o perfil socioeconômico dos estudantes de fisioterapia em um centro universitário no centro-oeste do Paraná e analisar a incidência do uso de cigarros eletrônicos (CE) nessa população. A pesquisa, realizada por meio de um estudo observacional prospectivo, coletou dados de acadêmicos de fisioterapia, abordando aspectos socioeconômicos, sociodemográficos e hábitos de vida. Os resultados indicaram que a maioria dos estudantes estava há mais de um ano no curso, se autodeclarou como brancos, e tinha idade abaixo de 25 anos, residiam na zona urbana e eram solteiros. Além disso, constatou-se uma alta incidência de uso de cigarros eletrônicos (37,4%) entre os acadêmicos. O aumento do uso de CE entre os jovens é destacado como uma preocupação de saúde pública. A literatura sugere a necessidade de políticas eficazes de prevenção e educação para reverter essa tendência prejudicial. Para reduzir o consumo de CE na população estudada, são propostas estratégias de conscientização, campanhas informativas e regulamentações mais rígidas para controlar o acesso a esses dispositivos. A combinação de educação e regulamentação é vista como fundamental para proteger a saúde e o bem-estar dessa população. Em conclusão, este estudo destaca a importância de abordar o uso crescente de CE entre acadêmicos jovens. Os resultados obtidos indicam a necessidade de ações imediatas para conscientizar sobre os riscos desses hábitos nada saudáveis e implementar medidas eficazes de prevenção. Pesquisas futuras nessa área são recomendadas para aprofundar a compreensão dos fatores que levam os acadêmicos a adotar o uso de CE e avaliar a eficácia das estratégias de prevenção.</p> Renan Rodrigues Terra Alexandre Santana Malaquias da Silva Lorena Mayara do Amaral Matheus Fellipe Alves Justo Lucas dos Anjos Sena Anderson Brandão dos Santos Állef Diego Bonfim de Andrade Darlan Laurício Matte Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-20 2024-02-20 22 2 e3335 e3335 10.55905/oelv22n2-158 Do ideal ao real: percepções de mulheres educadoras sobre o teletrabalho em tempo de pandemia da Covid-19 https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3336 <p>Este estudo teve por objetivo analisar as percepções de mulheres sobre o teletrabalho realizado em educação infantil no tempo de pandemia da Covid-19. Teve como método a pesquisa qualitativa do tipo estudo de caso, com recorte transversal. Participaram da pesquisa 30 mulheres vinculadas a secretaria de Educação de um município no sul de Minas Gerais. Como técnica, foi utilizada entrevista semiestruturada, cujos dados foram analisados na perspectiva da Psicologia Social do Trabalho. Como resultados, identificou-se que o teletrabalho no contexto de educação infantil, embora tenha sido necessário para cumprir o distanciamento social proposto como medida de contenção do vírus. Para estas mulheres, atuou como um complicador em suas rotinas. Uma vez que fez ampliar ainda mais suas atribuições, levando-as a experimentarem elevados níveis de cobranças, que resultou em sofrimento psíquico em suas jornadas. Compreendendo que o vínculo com a família foi mantido, porém as relações de modo geral com esta foram comprometidas, já que a falta de tempo operou como um fator limitante das experiências pessoais.</p> Cristiano de Jesus Andrade Isabella Soares de Souza Paula Ferreira de Araujo Carvalho Andriele Franco Pereira Miria Benincasa Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-20 2024-02-20 22 2 e3336 e3336 10.55905/oelv22n2-159 Adorno, escola sem partido e os problemas da educação no Brasil https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3337 <p>O presente trabalho tem como objetivo discutir os desdobramentos contemporâneos das ideias de Theodor Adorno, especialmente, no que se refere a sua crítica à educação massificadora e à coisificação dos sujeitos. Primeiramente apresentam-se algumas ideias e conceitos de Adorno. Em seguida demonstra-se a importância de suas ideias na interpretação de um projeto de lei, que tem causado muitas discussões desde que surgiu no cenário legislativo nacional, o da Escola sem partido. Por fim, demonstra-se, ainda de forma inicial, o quanto o referido projeto pode ser nocivo e contrário ao ideal de educação do pensador de Frankfurt, que pretende acima de tudo auxiliar na construção de uma sociedade pautada na autonomia dos indivíduos e em sua capacidade reflexiva. O principal anseio deste artigo é demonstrar a relevância das ideias de Adorno e a urgência em aplicá- las no momento em que vivemos. Conclui-se a importância de estar-se atento aos movimentos repressores e alienantes, já que, apesar de civilizados, existem, na humanidade, os princípios da barbárie.</p> Lucas Batista Carriconde Thaysa Haber Faleiros Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-20 2024-02-20 22 2 e3337 e3337 10.55905/oelv22n2-160 Desempenho agronômico, teores de proteína e óleo de cultivares de soja em ambiente de terras baixas com ocorrência de La Niña https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3338 <p>O Brasil apresenta grande relevância no fornecimento de proteína e óleo vegetal oriundos da soja, pois é o maior produtor mundial da cultura. Estima-se que, os teores de proteína nos grãos de soja estejam diminuindo ao longo dos anos, nos principais países produtores. As áreas de terras baixas no Rio Grande do Sul (RS) representam 23% do território estadual e a soja vem se destacando nesse ambiente sendo que, a correta escolha da cultivar para essas áreas representa importante ferramenta para o aumento da produtividade. Neste sentido, este trabalho teve como objetivo analisar o desempenho agronômico e os teores de proteína e de óleo de cultivares de soja cultivadas em terras baixas, na safra agrícola 2022/23, sob condições do fenômeno climático La Niña. Foi realizado o experimento sob delineamento experimental em faixas, com 31 cultivares de soja e quatro repetições. As variáveis resposta analisadas foram: produtividade de grãos, massa de mil grãos, teor de proteína, teor de óleo e soma térmica acumulada. Os resultados obtidos destacaram produtividades superiores a 5.000 kg ha<sup>-1</sup>, obtidos para as cultivares BMX VALENTE RR, NEO 630 IPRO, DM 60IX64 I2X e DM 54IX57 I2X. O teor de proteína variou de 30,52 a 33,90% e o teor de óleo de 21,51 a 23,40%. Em algumas cultivares houve correlação significativa positiva entre massa de mil grãos e teor de óleo, entre massa de mil grãos e produtividade de grãos e entre produtividade de grãos e teor de óleo, com coeficiente r ao redor de 0,9, e correlação significativa negativa entre os teores de proteína e óleo e entre produtividade de grãos e teor de proteína, com coeficiente r ao redor de – 0,9. Algumas cultivares também apresentaram correlação significativa negativa entre soma térmica acumulada no subperíodo vegetativo e teor de proteína e entre soma térmica acumulada no subperíodo vegetativo e massa de mil grãos e correlação significativa positiva entre soma térmica acumulada no subperíodo reprodutivo e teor de proteína, entre soma térmica acumulada no subperíodo reprodutivo e teor de óleo e entre soma térmica acumulada no subperíodo reprodutivo e massa de mil grãos. Conclui-se que, o ambiente de terras baixas apresenta elevado potencial produtivo para a cultura da soja em anos de ocorrência de La Niña, com variação de produtividade, massa de mil grãos, teor de proteína e teor de óleo entre as cultivares avaliadas. Com base nisso, pode-se afirmar a possibilidade de se obter maior produção e qualidade de grãos de soja, a partir da escolha de cultivares mais adaptadas ao ambiente de produção de terras baixas na região Central do Rio Grande do Sul.</p> Veronica Fuzer Guarienti Luiz Felipe Silveira Pavão Ivan Carlos Maldaner Diego Nicolau Follmann Luciano Zucuni Pes Marcelo Silveira de Farias Kauane Rubert Emilso Damm dos Santos Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-20 2024-02-20 22 2 e3338 e3338 10.55905/oelv22n2-161 Análise qualitativa-quantitativa comparativa de normas internacionais quanto à categorização dos vasos de pressão https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3339 <p>A garantia da integridade estrutural dos vasos de pressão é fator importante aos usuários destes tipos de equipamentos, devendo ser realizada comungando os aspectos de segurança e empresariais, pois a perda indesejada e descontrolada do fluido contido pode acarretar consequências extremamente danosas. Documentos legais em diversos países definem o intervalo máximo permitido entre os exames externos e entre os exames internos, aos quais os vasos de pressão devem ser submetidos. Este trabalho apresenta uma visão de como diversos países estruturaram a sua legislação nacional para definirem estes intervalos. Através de um estudo de caso qualitativo-quantitativo mostrou-se que para uma dada condição operacional, um mesmo vaso de pressão tem diferentes intervalos máximo permitido entre os exames externos e entre os exames internos, a depender da norma adotada, o que, em princípio, é um indicador de potencial lacuna a ser eliminada com a adoção de uma norma internacional, que congregue harmonicamente as melhores práticas e definições das normas internacionais. Por fim, são propostos os fatores que podem compor esta categorização internacional, com potenciais ganhos em segurança operacional, integridade estrutural e a competividade/viabilidade empresarial.</p> Ricardo Aurélio Fragoso de Sousa Diego Jorge Maia de Sousa Paulo Henrique Ferreira da Silva José Carlos Charamba Dutra Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-20 2024-02-20 22 2 e3339 e3339 10.55905/oelv22n2-162 Species diversity, behavior and visit rates to melon flowers (Cucumis melo l.) as a function of time and seasonality in a semi-arid climate region in Brazil https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3340 <p>In this research we evaluated the phenology of melon flowering (<em>Cucumis melo</em> L.) and the diversity of floral visitors in geographical conditions of semi-arid climate in Northeast Brazil, during the wet and dry seasons. The floral phenology of the melon was evaluated by recording the number of flowers produced/plant/day from 30 plants, the insects that visited the flowers were recorded following three methods: visual counts, sweep collection and counting and identification, we observe and count the number of visits to flowers from 30 plants (n = 30) during the first 45 minutes of each hour. This study reports the diversity of melon pollinators in geographical conditions located in a semi-arid climate region, with specific seasonal fluctuations, which explains the behavior pattern found at work. The order Hymenoptera predominated among floral visitors, especially <em>Apis melífera</em> and <em>Trigona spinipes</em>. The flowering cycle was influenced by seasonality, with a longer duration in the dry season, the flowering and visiting peaks were higher during the hottest hours of the day, regardless of the season. There was a preference for visitation in the morning hours, with a peak at 10 a.m. and a gradual decrease in the presence of insects in the late afternoon.</p> Cássio Ricardo Gonçalves da Costa Marcos Gomes da Silva Ailson de Lima Marques Debora Coelho Moura Anne Carolline Maia Linhares Helder Windson Gomes dos Santos Oliveira Thiago Alves Moura Nicollas Bernardo Ferreira da Silva Nataline da Silva Pontes Maykon Douglas Gomes Barbosa Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-20 2024-02-20 22 2 e3340 e3340 10.55905/oelv22n2-163 Cabotagem brasileira: análise das barreiras relacionadas à infraestrutura portuária que impactam a performance do modal https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3341 <p class="Standard" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 12.0pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif;">O transporte por cabotagem no Brasil, nos últimos anos, tem sido cada vez mais utilizado. Isso porque o país possui um grande potencial para esta modalidade de transporte, devido à uma enorme costa marítima e uma grande parcela da população vivendo próxima a ela. O objetivo da pesquisa foi levantar as principais barreiras relacionadas à infraestrutura portuária, as quais impactam a performance do transporte por cabotagem no país. A metodologia utilizada para chegar aos resultados foi uma pesquisa bibliográfica realizada em periódicos, sites governamentais e livros. Foram encontradas quatro barreiras: ineficiência das rodovias e ferrovias que ligam os portos às cidades; obsolescência dos equipamentos portuários; necessidade de dragagem nos portos; e altos custos da praticagem. O estudo poderá contribuir para a melhoria da infraestrutura portuária instalada.</span></p> Matheus Pereira de Sousa Aldery Silveira Júnior Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-20 2024-02-20 22 2 e3341 e3341 10.55905/oelv22n2-164 Transformação digital no autoatendimento bancário: análise da evolução do uso do aplicativo caixa no município de Pinheiros, Estado do Espírito Santo https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3342 <p>Os desdobramentos da Revolução Industrial iniciada na Inglaterra no Século XVIII caracterizaram marcantes transformações nos meios de produção em âmbito mundial, reflexo disso é a Transformação Digital que dá um sentido de volatilidade em diferentes aspectos. Este estudo consiste numa reflexão dos marcos dessa revolução na economia de forma ampla, foi se delineando até chegar ao Setor bancário, em seguida pode-se navegar pelo contexto histórico da Caixa Econômica Federal. Ao longo do trabalho consta dados estatísticos retirados principalmente dos sites oficiais da própria instituição financeira, do Banco Central do Brasil e da Federação Brasileira dos Bancos, com objetivo de tornar mensurável o nível de transformação digital desenvolvido pela Estatal.&nbsp; É possível ainda encontrar abordagem sobre principais tipos de transações e serviços disponíveis no aplicativo. Finalmente a pesquisa caminha ao encontro de resposta ao objetivo geral que é entender a jornada do cliente correntista da Agência Cidade de Pinheiros, no trato a usabilidade do mobile banking, aplicativo CAIXA. Trata-se de uma pesquisa com a aderência a ser classificada como exploratória e descritiva, cuja estratégia de coleta de dados foi aplicação de um questionário, a partir da utilização da ferramenta Google FORMS, obteve-se uma amostra de 326 respostas, todos clientes correntistas Pessoa Física (PF) da Caixa Econômica Federal, Agência Cidade de Pinheiros, no entanto considera-se para fins de apuração dos dados 326 respostas. Os resultados premitem concluir que que ainda existes Correntistas PF da Instituição não adeptos ao uso do aplicativo Caixa, mas que representativa maioria (85,89%) utilizam o aplicativo Caixa, motivados por questões de praticidade, conforto e rapidez. Conclui-se, ainda, que as motivações para não utilização do aplicativo estão&nbsp; relacionadas a medo, segurança e falta de informações sobre os serviços oferecidos nesse canal. Com base nas notas de aprovação dadas ao aplicativo Caixa, conclui-se pela boa aceitação aos meios digitais e à evolução em termos de Transformação Digital, na agência. Os achados servem de apoio aos bancos brasileiros, pois retrata o processo de migração dos clientes que buscavam atendimento presencial para o mobile banking, potencializa os pontos positivos, e através do produto final desmistifica a jornada visando elevar o grau de satisfação e melhorar a experiência do cliente, impulsionando eficiência do serviço e possibilidades de alcançar a clientela ainda avessa as tecnologias. Recomenda-se à Caixa Econômica Federal, Agência Cidade de Pinheiros, promover ações para desentravar e prospectar a adesão dos clientes ainda não usuários do aplicativo, por meio de ações regulares de incentivo considerando os perfis demográficos e expertise dos usuários frente a utilização de aplicativos móveis.</p> Maria Aparecida de Brito Pinto José Geraldo Ferreira da Silva Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-20 2024-02-20 22 2 e3342 e3342 10.55905/oelv22n2-165 Determination of thermomechanical properties in recycled PLA filaments for 3D printers https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3346 <p>In recent times, the issue of plastic recycling has become one of the leading issues of environmental protection and waste management. Polymer materials are found applied in many areas of daily life and industry. Along with their extended use, the problem of plastic waste appeared because, after withdrawal from use, they became persistent and noxious wastes. The possibility of reusing polymeric materials enables waste utilization to obtain consumable products. The 3D printing market is a well-growing sector. Printable filaments can be made from various thermoplastic materials, including those from recycling. This paper studies the thermal-mechanical properties of recycled polylactic acid (PLA) material filaments obtained from 3D-printed specimens. The analysis was first with the virgin filament (PLA N) and, subsequently, two recycling cycles (PLA 1 and PLA 2). There were thermal properties evaluations for the three processing types, as follows: differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and tensile test for both specimens and filaments. The glass transition temperatures (Tg) remained at their typical values. The same happened with the melting temperature (Tm). In the TGA, the PLA thermal stability remained constant. The FTIR presented the functional groups unaltered for the recycled samples. In the second filament recycling, the tensile strength decreased by 26%, and the maximum strain was 40%, compared to PLA N. The same occurred to PLA 2 specimens; the maximum stress and strain decreased by 45% and 31%, respectively. In terms of crystallinity, this presented a variation of 86% of the virgin material for the second recycling cycle, which correlated to tensile strength shows a weakness in the PLA recycled structure, decreasing the strain until the fracture and the tensile strength.</p> Fernando de Brito Glück Édson Luiz Francisquetti Alexandre Luís Gasparin Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-20 2024-02-20 22 2 e3346 e3346 10.55905/oelv22n2-166 A utilização de funções circulares aplicando a geometria do triângulo retângulo https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3347 <p>O presente artigo trata do processo geométrico de resolução de problemas matemáticos quando são fornecidas o valor de uma função trigonométrica é quer-se saber as demais. A literatura pertinente traz o uso da relação trigonométrica fundamental: sen²x + cos²x = 1, como única alternativa. Este processo é apenas uma aplicação geométrica da origem da relação trigonométrica fundamental, onde é usado o triângulo retângulo como base para se descobrir as outras variáveis, simplificando, otimizando a resolução dos problemas que envolvem este conteúdo e diminuindo o tempo de resolução. Para atingir o objetivo da proposta, foi realizada uma sequência didática, com propostas para se descobrir as outras funções com o uso das básicas, seno e cosseno. Como metodologia, foi realizada em uma escola pública na cidade de Belém, Pará, nos meses&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;de fevereiro e março de 2018, nas turmas do 2º ano do Ensino Médio, totalizando 34 alunos envolvidos com propostas construídas em três blocos.</p> Gustavo Nogueira Dias Cássio Pinho dos Reis Katiane Pereira da Silva Antonio Thiago Madeira Beirão Gilberto Emanoel Reis Vogado Herson Oliveira da Rocha Wagner Davy Lucas Barreto Henrique Maia Pinheiro Washington Luiz Pedrosa da Silva Junior José Carlos Barros de Souza Júnior Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-20 2024-02-20 22 2 e3347 e3347 10.55905/oelv22n2-167 The use of technologies for a more sustainable community-based ecotourism – an experience on an ecological trail in the Brazilian Amazon https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3348 <p>Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze the correlation between technologies and community-based ecotourism in a traditional community in the Brazilian Amazon, focusing on the utilization of these tools in the selection, mapping, and facilitation of an ecological trail. Ecological trails have become a prominent practical activity in sustainable ecotourism in the Amazon region, serving as a means to generate income and promote the preservation of local culture and traditions. Method: The study employed action research in a community situated within an environmental protection area in the Amazon region. The data production process included engaging in self-reflection with community members regarding the utilization of technologies, conducting participatory mapping with guides, and implementing the trail with the support of GPS (Global Positioning System). Results: The data analysis reveals the community's expectations, difficulties, and challenges in utilizing technologies, while also discussing their potential in the context of sustainable community-based ecotourism. In an effort to give back to the community, Quick Response Code signage was created, and the georeferencing data for the points of interest along the trail under study was made accessible on a digital platform. Conclusion: The qualitative analysis indicates that the deliberate incorporation of digital tools in community-based ecotourism enhances the connection between ecology and technology. The study also revealed that the successful implementation of technologies in Amazon communities requires addressing practical and social obstacles, including technical support, connectivity, cost, and digital literacy.</p> Socorro Vânia Lourenço Alves Enoque Calvino Melo Alves Layla de Cassia Bezerra Bagata Menezes Maria Neide Sousa de Almeidas Sérgio Melo Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-20 2024-02-20 22 2 e3348 e3348 10.55905/oelv22n2-168 Preparação e caracterização de complexos polieletrolíticos a partir de polímeros de fontes renováveis https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3349 <p>O interesse na utilização de polímeros renováveis é crescente por serem materiais biodegradáveis e recicláveis, tornando-os materiais ideais para aplicações em diversas áreas. Portanto, o objetivo desta pesquisa foi obter complexos de polieletrólitos e esferas através da associação de polímeros de cargas opostas, visando aplicações industriais, por meio de um método simples de mistura. O contato entre as soluções catiônicas e aniônicas, resultou em interações bem-sucedidas de quitosana com a carboximetil lignina e lignosulfonato de sódio. Já as esferas foram obtidas com sucesso por meio da interação entre os polímeros de quitosana e lignosulfonato de sódio, e apresentaram entre 3 e 5 mm. A microscopia eletrônica de varredura e a espectroscopia de raios-X por energia dispersiva, confirmaram propriedades como porosidade na superfície e parte interna das esferas e o teor em massa dos elementos, respectivamente. Em suma, a pesquisa demonstrou a viabilidade de obter complexos de polieletrólitos e esferas a partir de uma abordagem de baixo custo comercial.</p> Marciele Gomes Rodrigues Luís Carlos de Morais Daniel Pasquini Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-20 2024-02-20 22 2 e3349 e3349 10.55905/oelv22n2-169 Educação do campo e o ensino multisseriado: aspectos desafiadores e de aprendizagem ao ensinar em tempo de pandemia https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3350 <p>O artigo teve como objetivo registrar e analisar os desafios e aprendizados vividos pelos professores atuantes em turmas multisseriadas nos Anos Iniciais do Ensino Fundamental na Educação do Campo ao ensinar em tempo de pandemia. Trouxe como traço metodológico a abordagem qualitativa da pesquisa de acordo com TEIXEIRA (2011). Foi usado como instrumento de coleta de dados o questionário conforme GIL (1999) e contou com a participação de professores de turmas multisseriadas atuantes nos Anos Iniciais da Educação do Campo, de uma comunidade no interior do Município de Goianésia do Pará/PA, na Amazônia brasileira. O estudo teve como elemento balizador o questionamento: quais desafios e aprendizados os professores atuantes em turmas multisseriadas nos Anos Iniciais do Ensino Fundamental na Educação do Campo se destacam em relação ao ensinar em tempo de pandemia. O resultado apontou que houve uma carência por parte dos pais no que se refere ao acompanhamento das atividades dos filhos no período de pandemia em decorrência do baixo grau de escolaridade, impedindo o progresso na aprendizagem e ainda que os professores tiveram de aprender para ensinar seus alunos colocando em evidência a incerteza da prática de sua profissão em sala de aula nesse período.</p> Jacqueline Silva da Silva Lindomar Pereira de Souza Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-20 2024-02-20 22 2 e3350 e3350 10.55905/oelv22n2-170 Prevenção e monitoramento da dengue subsidiadas pelo sistema de informação de agravos de notificação (SINAN): revisão integrativa https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3351 <p>Objetivo: descrever, baseado em evidências, pesquisas subsidiadas pelo SINAN para a prevenção e o monitoramento da dengue. Metodologia: Estudo tipo Revisão integrativa da literatura. A questão norteadora considerada foi: quais ações são desenvolvidas para a prevenção e controle da dengue subsidiadas pelo SINAN? Foi realizada através das seguintes bases de dados: MedLine, LILACS E BDENF, utilizando-se os seguintes Descritores em Ciências da Saúde: "Sistemas de Informação"; Dengue; "Vigilância Epidemiológica" e "Unidade Básica", combinados entre si por meio do operador booleano AND. A busca se deu em novembro de 2023, sendo incluído os estudos publicados nos últimos 10 anos. Excluiu-se os materiais que não estivessem relacionados especificamente com a temática estudada. Resultados: em duas categorias foram evidenciadas a importância do SINAN como fonte de informações em um cotidiano de trabalho que agrega subsídios para as ações de vigilância epidemiológica. Conclusão: Os achados sintetizam as ações utilizadas para construção do perfil dos casos de dengue. A informação de qualidade é extremamente relevante para subsidiar a tomada de decisão, em todos os níveis de ação, pois permitirá o diagnóstico de forma fidedigna às necessidades de saúde da população.</p> Rosenberg Garcia André Luiz de Souza Braga Maritza Consuelo Ortiz Sanchez Pedro Ruiz Barboza Nassar Johny Carlos de Queiroz Miriam Marinho Chrizostimo Barbara Pompeu Christovam Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-20 2024-02-20 22 2 e3351 e3351 10.55905/oelv22n2-171 De números a narrativas: decifrando a pandemia de Covid-19 através de indicadores socioeconômicas e ambientais https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3352 <p>A pandemia da COVID-19, desencadeada pelo novo coronavírus (SARS-CoV-2), teve início em dezembro de 2019 na China, gerando grande preocupação com a saúde global. Este artigo busca revelar as relações diretas e indiretas entre indicadores socioeconômicos e ambientais e os dados relativos à pandemia da COVID-19, por meio do emprego de técnicas de aprendizado de máquina. Inicialmente, foram identificados os estudos mais relevantes publicados durante o período pandêmico e pós-pandêmico que abordam o tema proposto. Após uma triagem completa, a pesquisa destacou as principais referências da literatura. Finalmente, este trabalho utilizou técnicas de descoberta de conhecimento em bases de dados da COVID-19 e de indicadores socioeconômicos e ambientais. Para abordar o problema em estudo, o método empregado consistiu nas etapas de seleção, pré-processamento, transformação, mineração de dados e avaliação dos resultados. Resultados significativos foram obtidos com a aplicação de métodos de mineração de dados descritiva, envolvendo modelos de correlação, agrupamento e regras de associação; estas técnicas se destacaram, apresentando capacidades de generalização satisfatórias. Os resultados desta pesquisa têm o potencial de contribuir para a formulação de políticas públicas e para a tomada de decisões futuras relacionadas à saúde pública.</p> Lucelia Lima Souza Tiago Bonini Borchartt Francisco Glaubos Nunes Clímaco Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-20 2024-02-20 22 2 e3352 e3352 10.55905/oelv22n2-172 Políticas públicas de educação profissional e tecnológica: a contribuição da rede federal para a escolarização dos jovens no Brasil https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3353 <p>Este artigo aborda a expansão da Rede Federal de Educação Profissional e Tecnológica – IF, no Brasil como uma política pública para elevar a escolarização dos jovens; a partir de pesquisa bibliográfica. Com a inclusão da educação profissional como uma meta no Plano Nacional de Educação em 2001, os Institutos Federais de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia (IFs), criados em 2008, desempenharam um papel fundamental na ampliação da Rede Federal. A partir deste estudo foi possível identificar um aumento, em uma década, de 171% na oferta de escolarização, resultando em um salto de 150 campi para mais de 568 campi em todo o país. Isso evidencia claramente a intenção de elevar o nível de escolaridade da população brasileira, especialmente dos jovens.</p> Carolina Lima Pimentel Anderson Gomes de Paula Verona Nascimento Silva Franzi Marcus Vinícius Santos da Silva Luiz Fernando Duarte de Figueiredo Marcelo José Gonçalves Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-20 2024-02-20 22 2 e3353 e3353 10.55905/oelv22n2-173 Modelo computacional baseado em interface cérebro-computador para extração de características e classificação de sinais EEG https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3354 <p>Epidemiologicamente, observa-se que o número de pessoas acometidas com doenças neurológicas tem crescido devido a diversos fatores oriundos da sociedade moderna. A ciência contemporânea incluindo: medicina neurológica, biomecânica, robótica, informática, física e engenharias vem progredindo expressivamente no desenvolvimento de conhecimento multidisciplinar. O principal foco tem sido trazer esses pacientes acometidos dessas enfermidades a um patamar superior de qualidade de vida. Isso significa maior cognição, mais liberdade e mais movimentos controlados e controláveis. Este artigo desenvolve um modelo matemático baseado em interface cérebro-computador que permite o desenvolvimento de novas tecnologias tomando como base sinais de eletroencefalogramas. Tal esforço teórico reflete a necessidade de se produzir cadeiras de rodas mais inteligentes, interfaces flexíveis [para se adaptar a distintos indivíduos]. Num extremo, tentando-se eliminar o ruído de sinais indesejados (artefatos), se terá a essência, o precioso teor dos sinais pensados que conseguem expressar a origem das variações cerebrais que podem movimentar uma cadeira, por exemplo. Ademais, a cadeira é incômoda, requer ajuda de outros e, precisa de alterações nas estruturas arquitetônicas, para se dizer o mínimo. O método utilizado para essa modelagem baseou-se em usar os sinais de eletroencefalogramas do banco de dados eegmmidb – EEG Motor Movement-Imagery Dataset, que está disponível. Tal amostra contém sinais de eletroencefalogramas de 105 indivíduos. Esses sinais foram utilizados para validação do modelo computacional proposto. Os resultados obtidos da simulação, mostraram que o modelo consegue explicar algo como 75% dos movimentos, quando os outros semelhantes alcançavam, no máximo 50%. Assim, este modelo-interface cérebro-computador ofereceu maior robustez revelando que os esforços feitos aqui foram proveitosos. Mais que isso, que outras tentativas podem ser feitas a partir das suposições inerentes ou das associações feitas na construção desse modelo.</p> Osmar Ferreira Gomes Oberdan Rocha Pinheiro Alex Álisson Bandeira Santos Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-20 2024-02-20 22 2 e3354 e3354 10.55905/oelv22n2-174 Risco de queda associado ao uso de medicamentos em idosos da comunidade https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3355 <p>As quedas são eventos multifatoriais, onde o uso de medicamentos é um importante fator de risco modificável. O risco de queda aumenta com o processo de envelhecimento e está relacionado a uma série de consequências tais como redução da funcionalidade, lesões, fraturas, internações hospitalares, morbidade e mortalidade. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o risco de queda associado ao uso de medicamentos em idosos da comunidade em Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil. Tratou-se de um estudo observacional, de caráter transversal e realizado por meio de entrevistas individuais. As variáveis avaliadas foram: perfil do participante e históricos social, clínico e medicamentoso. Além disso, a escala <em>Medication Fall Risk Score</em> foi aplicada. O estudo foi aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa com Seres Humanos da Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul, por meio do parecer n° 5.839.799. Participaram do estudo 50 idosos com idade média de 66 anos (±5,41), a maioria do sexo feminino (n=36; 72,0%), com ensino superior completo (n=15; 30,0%), praticante de exercícios físicos (n=39; 78,0%), sem nenhuma limitação física (n=34; 68,0%), e sem cuidador (n=47; 94,0%). No total, 29 medicamentos (22,3%) associados ao risco de queda foram identificados nas prescrições. Os mais prescritos foram losartana potássica (n=x; 23,5%), besilato de anlodipino (n=x; 9,8%), valsartana (7,8%), succinato de metoprolol (7,8%) e hidroclorotiazida (7,8%). Considerando o total de medicamentos associados ao risco de queda identificados nas prescrições, 12 (36,4%), 5 (15,2%) e 15 (48,5%) eram de alto, intermediário e baixo risco de queda, respectivamente. Dez idosos (20,0%) foram classificados como alto risco de queda associado ao uso de medicamentos. Os resultados mostraram que o uso de medicamentos associados ao risco de queda foi comum nos idosos participantes deste estudo, uma vez que a maioria estava em uso de pelo menos um medicamento associado ao risco de queda. Sugere-se a importância da atuação do farmacêutico das farmácias comunitárias e da Atenção Primária à Saúde na avaliação e manejo, por meio da educação em saúde, do risco de queda associado ao uso de medicamentos na população idosa.</p> Ana Carolina Haag Bochnie Camila Guimarães Polisel Renata Trentin Perdomo Juliana Galete Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-20 2024-02-20 22 2 e3355 e3355 10.55905/oelv22n2-175 Casuística dermatológica de animais provenientes de famílias em vulnerabilidade social em Pelotas-RS https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3370 <p class="Standard" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif;">O município de Pelotas abriga uma comunidade denominada ceval, na qual uma grande parcela da população vive em vulnerabilidade social e situação de extrema pobreza, desta forma, torna-se inviável o uso da renda para gastos veterinários. Devido a essa situação, a Universidade Federal de Pelotas criou um projeto de extensão um Ambulatório Clínico Veterinário, o qual proporciona atendimento gratuito de cães e gatos, além de promover saúde única. O presente trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar a casuística dermatológica, dos cães e gatos atendidos no ambulatório veterinário do Ceval no ano de 2019. O levantamento da casuística foi feito através das fichas dos pacientes atendidos com queixas relacionadas ao sistema tegumentar. Durante esse período foram atendidos 93 animais, dos quais 84 eram cães e 9 gatos, com relação a sintomatologia relata pelos tutores, as principais foram alopecia, prurido leve a acentuado, lesões ou irritações de pele, lesões lacerativas e ulcerativas, dor ou irritação otológica unilateral e bilateral. Quanto à casuística, destacaram-se os casos de Dermatofitose (22%), Dermatite alérgica a picada de ectoparasitas – DAPE (11%) e Otite externa (11%). Diante dessa perspectiva concluiu-se que a vulnerabilidade social dos tutores e consequentemente dos pacientes, contribuiu para o surgimento de afecções dermatológicas diagnosticadas, visto que algumas delas estão ligadas ao saneamento básico e reitera-se a importância da atuação do médico veterinário no auxílio da disseminação de saúde única.</span></p> Laís Formiga da Silva Maria Laura da Rosa Dal Ross Luiza Eisenhardt Luisa Blaskoski Cardoso Amanda Cardoso Silveira Larissa Eugênia de Vargas Ritter Elizângela Otaram Marlete Brum Cleff Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-21 2024-02-21 22 2 e3370 e3370 10.55905/oelv22n2-176 A matemática na percepção de estudantes do 5º período do curso de pedagogia de uma faculdade de formação de professores da mata norte do estado de Pernambuco https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3371 <p>Este artigo discute resultados de uma pesquisa realizada com licenciandos em Pedagogia de uma instituição de ensino superior da mata norte do estado de Pernambuco, cujo objetivo foi compreender qual a impressão destes futuros professores sobre a matemática e seu ensino. A pesquisa em estudo tem um caráter qualitativo e foi realizada com apenas 6 estudantes do 5° período. Os dados foram produzidos com base em questionamentos realizados em sala de aula pelo professor regente do componente curricular - <em>fundamentos teórico e metodológico da matemática na educação infantil</em> relacionados a importância da matemática para tais estudantes e analisados a partir do que as literaturas discutem sobre o tema. Os resultados indicam que embora entendam a importância da matemática no desenvolvimento da sociedade e na formação do indivíduo para o exercício da cidadania, verificou-se que durante a trajetória escolar dos estudantes envolvidos nesta pesquisa teve influência negativamente a forma que a matemática foi ensinada e, isso, pode ser evidenciado nos protocolos desta pesquisa. São explicitados ainda estereótipos voltados a não capacidade de aprender matemática, ou seja, os sujeitos deste estudo afirmaram que a matemática é para gênios e, que a escolha pelo curso de Pedagogia se deu em virtude de acreditarem que não havia matemática ao longo do curso. Isso implica dizer que há uma grande necessidade de repensar e reelaborar os currículos das instituições que oferecem o referido curso no que diz respeito ao desenvolvimento de competências para o ensino de matemática na educação básica.</p> Anderson Douglas Pereira Rodrigues da Silva Cibeli Rayanna Pinheiro Jefferson Correia dos Santos José Vieira da Silva Iran Rodrigues de Oliveira Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-21 2024-02-21 22 2 e3371 e3371 10.55905/oelv22n2-177 Vulnerabilidade socioespacial e crime - inter-relações criminológicas para explicação do fenômeno https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3372 <p>Os espaços urbanos são desencadeadores de vulnerabilidades, haja vista as configurações socioespaciais que vão se estabelecendo nesses ambientes, oriundas de processos econômicos-sociais históricos. Essa realidade, embora exposta desde o início da Revolução Industrial, é uma pauta política contemporânea de grande importância para diversos setores da sociedade, razão pela qual fundamentos teóricos que apontem aportes epistemológicos e metodológicos, sobretudo, para a compreensão da criminalidade espacialmente determinada, devem ser apresentados, debatidos e atualizados, motivo que reputamos imprescindível à releitura e atualização das Escolas Sociológica de Chicago no âmbito da Ecologia Humana e da Criminologia Crítica, objetivando, através dessas duas escolas criminológicas, demonstrar em que medida as vulnerabilidades socioespaciais, entendidas como violência estrutural, refletida como desorganização social e urbana, apresentam ligações com a prática de crimes, a criminalização e a vitimização. Para alcance de tal pretensão foi adotado o método indutivo para construção do argumento, com procedimento descritivo/diagnóstico, a partir da técnica de pesquisa exclusivamente bibliográfica.</p> Cláudio Alberto Gabriel Guimarães Bruna Danyelle Pinheiro das Chagas Santos Aline Acássia da Silva Sales Alexandre Lobato Nunes Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-21 2024-02-21 22 2 e3372 e3372 10.55905/oelv22n2-178 Índice de temperatura do globo negro e umidade (ITGU) na avaliação da tolerância de ovinos ao calor - revisão integrativa https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3373 <p>Objetivou-se com este trabalho realizar uma revisão integrativa para identificar, através de resultados obtidos em pesquisas realizadas com ovinos, o valor do índice de temperatura de globo negro e umidade (ITGU) que representa o marco referencial de desconforto térmico para ovinos com base nas respostas fisiológicas temperatura retal e frequência respiratória. Foram utilizados nesse estudo 10 (dez) artigos científicos, resultantes de pesquisas realizadas com ovinos, com um total de 280 (duzentos e oitenta) animais pertencentes aos grupos genéticos (Santa Inês, Morada Nova, Somalis, Soinga, Dorper, White Dorper, Damara, Dorper x Santa Inês, ½Dorper+ ½SRD,&nbsp; ½Damara + ½SRD,&nbsp; ½Dorper+ ½Somalis, ½Santa Inês + ½Morada Nova, ½Morada Nova + ½Dorper e SRD). Sendo utilizado o ITGU como índice de conforto térmico, e as respostas fisiológicas: temperatura retal (TR) e frequência respiratória (FR) nos turnos da manhã e da tarde, como respostas ao estresse por calor. As médias das respostas TR e FR, sob o efeito do ITGU nos turnos da manhã e da tarde, obtidas nessas pesquisas, foram analisadas utilizando um Delineamento Inteiramente Casualizado (DIC) com 10 repetições. As repetições consideradas foram as médias das 10 pesquisas estudadas, obtidas de 280 ovinos nos turnos da manhã e da tarde. As análises foram realizadas através do programa Sistemas de Análises Estatísticas e Genéticas (SAEG, 1993) e as médias foram comparadas pelo teste F a 5% de probabilidade. As médias do índice de ITGU foram 76 e 82 pela manhã e à tarde, respectivamente. As variáveis TR e FR variaram significativamente (p&lt;0,01) entre os turnos manhã e tarde. A TR com média de 38,8 ºC pela manhã e 39,48 ºC à tarde. Já a média da FR foi 50 mov/min pela manhã e 80 mov/min à tarde. Concluiu-se que o ITGU é um índice de avaliação de conforto térmico que pode ser usado com eficiência para ovinos. Ambientes com ITGU igual ou próximo a 82 pode ser considerado de desconforto térmico, podendo provocar estresse médio-alto, e acima de 83 estresse alto em ovinos.</p> Bonifácio Benicio de Souza Talícia Maria Alves Benício Nágela Maria Henrique Mascarenhas Luanna Figueirêdo Batista Gustavo de Assis Silva João Vinícius Barbosa Roberto Fabíola Franklin de Medeiros Maycon Rodrigues da Silva Ariádne de Barros Carvalho Danilo Leite Fernandes Expedito Danúsio de Souza Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-21 2024-02-21 22 2 e3373 e3373 10.55905/oelv22n2-179 Abordagem experimental da capacidade de suporte de um solo tropical arenoso reforçado com geotêxteis https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3374 <p>Este estudo apresenta os resultados de uma série de ensaios CBR com o objetivo de investigar os parâmetros de resistência de um solo tropical arenoso, reforçado com dois geotêxteis tecidos biaxiais, constituídos de laminetes de polipropileno, e com um geotêxtil não tecido agulhado, fabricado com poliéster. O solo utilizado no estudo é proveniente de um perfil de solos desenvolvidos de gnaisse e anfibolitos da região de Viçosa, Zona da Mata mineira, sendo identificado como Solo VS e classificado de acordo com a metodologia MCT como de comportamento não-laterítico arenoso (NA’), laterítico Os geotêxteis foram identificados conforme a sua constituição estrutural e resistência à tração nominal como: T55 (tecido com resistência à tração de 55kN/m); T25 (tecido com resistência à tração de 25kN/m); e NT10 (não tecido com resistência à tração máxima de 10kN/m). A metodologia de investigação envolveu a realização de ensaios Proctor normal para a determinação dos parâmetros ótimos de compactação e ensaios CBR nas amostras não reforçadas (referência) e reforçadas, com as inclusões posicionadas à H/2 e 1/4H do topo dos corpos de prova. Como principal contribuição da pesquisa, conclui-se que, devido às reduzidas dimensões do molde padrão, o ensaio CBR pode não ser o procedimento mais adequado para a avaliação da capacidade de suporte de solos reforçados por geotêxteis.</p> Marcela Giacometti de Avelar Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-21 2024-02-21 22 2 e3374 e3374 10.55905/oelv22n2-180 Impactos sociais e econômicos das lesões por pressão em unidades de terapia intensiva: uma análise narrativa https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3375 <p>Introdução: Este estudo apresenta uma revisão narrativa abrangente focada nos impactos sociais e econômicos das lesões por pressão em Unidades de Terapia Intensiva (UTI). Examina o impacto dessas lesões no bem-estar dos pacientes, nas dinâmicas familiares e sociais, bem como nas implicações financeiras para o sistema de saúde. Este estudo destaca a importância de compreender e abordar estas questões para melhorar a qualidade do cuidado e a eficiência dos recursos de saúde. Objetivo: Analisar a literatura existente sobre as consequências sociais e econômicas das lesões por pressão em UTIs, enfocando nas estratégias de prevenção, tratamento, e nas implicações para a prática clínica e políticas de saúde. Metodologia: A revisão narrativa foi realizada em setembro de 2023, seguindo um processo estruturado em várias etapas e utilizando a estratégia PICo para explorar população, intervenção, comparação e resultados. Foram feitas buscas em diversas bases de dados, incluindo PubMed, Scopus, e Web of Science, com descritores como “Lesões por Pressão”, “Unidade de terapia intensiva”, “Avaliação de&nbsp;Custo-Efetividade”. A seleção dos estudos baseou-se em sua relevância e a análise centrou-se na avaliação dos impactos, práticas de prevenção, e implicações clínicas e econômicas. Resultados e Discussão: A revisão revelou impactos sociais e econômicos significativos das lesões por pressão em UTIs. Custos diretos e indiretos associados ao tratamento destas lesões impactam os orçamentos de saúde. Socialmente, elas prejudicam a qualidade de vida dos pacientes, causando isolamento e estresse. As estratégias de prevenção e manejo mostraram eficácia variável, sugerindo a necessidade de métodos integrados e baseados em evidências, além da formação contínua de profissionais de saúde. Conclusão: A revisão demonstra que as lesões por pressão em UTIs representam um desafio significativo, tanto do ponto de vista social quanto econômico. Estratégias de prevenção eficazes, políticas de saúde bem fundamentadas e a incorporação de inovações tecnológicas são essenciais para mitigar esses impactos e melhorar os resultados para os pacientes.</p> Francirômulo da Costa Nascimento Francisca Karla Pereira de Sousa Liége Maria Rodrigues de Aquino Anderson dos Santos Pereira Yana Marcia Monte Coelho Jurema Galdino Nunes Jairly Oliveira de Souza Kleniane Lopes de Freitas Naylla Amorim Gonçalves da Silva Gisele Bezerra da Silva Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-21 2024-02-21 22 2 e3375 e3375 10.55905/oelv22n2-181 Análise bibliométrica de artigos científicos com a temática do plágio na área de ensino em ciências https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3376 <p>Esta é uma pesquisa bibliométrica, realizada a partir de busca sistemática no <em>Google</em> Acadêmico, por meio do descritivo: “Plágio no ensino em Ciências”, compreendendo a década de 2013 a 2022. Foram encontradas 14.500 publicações ao todo. Após análise, foram selecionados artigos de diferentes áreas do conhecimento, identificados com a palavra “plágio” no título. Resultando em 13 artigos científicos, publicados em periódicos com Qualis 2017-2020 nos primeiros quatro estratos, na área de Ensino da Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES), somente com estudos realizados em instituições de ensino superior brasileiras. Os artigos foram categorizados para melhor serem analisados em suas subjetividades, constaram: (6) “Plágio no processo ensino/aprendizagem”; (4) “Integridade na pesquisa”; (2) “Metodologia científica na pesquisa”; e, (1) “Ferramentas de verificação de plágio”. Sendo necessário destacar, que para que o processo de coibição do plágio seja eficaz, várias ações devem ser desenvolvidas e com seus possíveis resultados disponibilizados à comunidade acadêmica.</p> Rose Cristina Alves Nunes Carlos Maximiliano Dutra Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-21 2024-02-21 22 2 e3376 e3376 10.55905/oelv22n2-182 A saúde das populações rurais e a herança da extensão rural difusionista-produtivista: reflexões sobre o contexto brasileiro https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3378 <p>O estudo em questão analisa os impactos do modelo histórico de ações de Assistência Técnica e Extensão Rural (ATER) no Brasil sobre a saúde das populações brasileiras, em especial das populações rurais. Para alcançar esse objetivo, a pesquisa adotou a análise documental e a pesquisa bibliográfica como principais ferramentas metodológicas de investigação, assim como uma abordagem crítica, examinando as relações de poder e os processos sociais que permeiam a dinâmica entre o Brasil, os Estados Unidos, a modernização e o desenvolvimento econômico. Foi constatado que a Extensão Rural difusionista-produtivista e o projeto de desenvolvimento rural desconsideraram o ambiente rural como espaço de reprodução da vida, refletindo os interesses das classes dominantes e contribuindo para a precarização da saúde das populações em geral. Por outro lado, o estudo ressalta a importância dos(as) agentes de Extensão Rural na vida cotidiana das populações brasileiras, propondo uma mudança no paradigma de atuação para uma abordagem holística e agroecológica, considerando a saúde como parte integral do bem-estar das mesmas. Além disso, destaca a necessidade de políticas públicas integradas que visem reduzir desigualdades, melhorar condições de trabalho e vida, habitação, mobilidade e segurança alimentar tanto em áreas rurais quanto urbanas.</p> Rayan Scariot Vargas Jéssica Righi de Oliveira Gisele Martins Guimarães Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-21 2024-02-21 22 2 e3378 e3378 10.55905/oelv22n2-183 Capacitismo, deficiência e educação física: notas sobre uma prática discriminatória e excludente https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3380 <p>O capacitismo pode ser compreendido como uma atitude que desvaloriza ou inferioriza a pessoa com deficiência, com base em um modelo de capacidade física, intelectual e sensorial determinado como padrão na sociedade. Ao internalizar esse padrão de normalidade, incita-se uma dificuldade social em valorizar a diferença, o que leva a perceber as pessoas com deficiência como seres menos capazes. O estudo em tela, na forma de ensaio analítico crítico, objetiva refletir acerca do conceito capacitista em relação às pessoas com deficiência, com foco nos desdobramentos desse conceito em contextos de aulas de Educação Física. Os resultados evidenciam que as ações promovedoras de uma visão anticapacitista precisam reconhecer as pessoas com deficiência como sujeitos de direitos, sem discriminação em razão de seus diferentes modos de se locomover, ouvir, ver, pensar, aprender e existir. Além disso, apontam a necessidade de ampliar as ações de acolhimento à diversidade nas aulas de Educação Física, evitando um olhar capacitista e uma prática discriminatória e excludente.</p> Fabiana Zanol Araujo Flaviane Lopes Siqueira Salles Mauricio Barcelos de Barros Cruz Monica Frigini Siqueira Daniela Lima Bonfat Rayanne Rodrigues de Faria José Fracisco Chicon Maria das Graças Carvalho Silva Sá Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-21 2024-02-21 22 2 e3380 e3380 10.55905/oelv22n2-184 Modified technique for recovery of nematode infective larvae in different grass genera https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3381 <p>Most gastrointestinal nematodes are in the grazing environment. As an option, the study aimed to evaluate an alternative technique for recovery of infecting larvae in various grass genera: Tyfton 85 (<em>Cynodon dactylon</em>) Capim–Vencedor (<em>Megathyrsus maximus</em>) Capim–Gordura (<em>Melinis minutiflora</em>) Capim–Marandu (<em>Brachiaria brizantha</em>), Setaria (<em>Setaria anceps</em>) Capim-Humidicula (<em>Brachiaria humidicula</em>) and Andropogon (<em>Andropogon gayanus</em>). The collection of samples and procedures were developed at the Institute of Animal Science, Nova Odessa, Brazil. The grasses came from isolated paddocks. Three subsamples were used: 1-control sample (AC1); 2-control frozen sample (ACC2); 3-infested sample (AI). AC1, after the process of larvae recoveries, served as control, the rest was frozen. After de-freezing, it was divided into two samples (ACC2 and AI). In ACC2, no larvae were observed. AI was infested with 1600 ± 30 L3 larvae of trichostrongylids, recovered from sheep manure. The larvae recovery procedures were applied to the samples in the three periods. The overall mean of recovery (±SD) and percentage of success was estimated (SISVAR®) in 1544.63 ± 1.31 larvae, 96.54 ± 17% respectively. There were no differences between grass genera, as well as between weeks, with near recovery numbers (p&gt;0.05). The technique had satisfactory results in a short time.</p> Gustavo Delmilho Ricardo Lopes Dias da Costa Adibe Luiz Abdalla Waldssimiler Teixeira de Mattos Rafael Sílvio Bonilha Pinheiro Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-21 2024-02-21 22 2 e3381 e3381 10.55905/oelv22n2-185 Estruturação de conceitos e ferramentas para formatação de um mercado de descarbonização no setor eletroenergético brasileiro https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3382 <p>Este trabalho tem como objetivo analisar as estruturas de mercados de descarbonização, conceituando alguns dos principais métodos de incentivos às práticas sustentáveis, mudando a adaptação dos conceitos à realidade brasileira. A entrada de fontes renováveis e o desenvolvimento energético sustentável são inexoráveis para o futuro de uma sociedade ambientalmente harmoniosa. A Agência Internacional de Energia (EIA) estima que 80% da demanda de energia elétrica nos EUA será suprida por energias renováveis [1]. Os países desenvolvidos lideraram essa transição através de políticas de incentivo à sustentabilidade. Nações vanguardistas na transição energética lideraram o processo devido às instituições e sociedade civil atuantes que pressionaram os governos na busca da descarbonização da matriz. Mesmo que as fontes de energia renováveis sejam as usinas de geração de energia mais baratas em grande parte do globo [1], a estruturação de mercados e as ferramentas de pró-descarbonização podem acelerar o processo de transição energética. Políticas organizadas centralizadamente podem ser capitais em uma mudança rápida, estabelecendo uma sociedade mais sustentável durante a mudança para uma matriz limpa. Este trabalho visa mostrar métodos consagrados para uma aceleração da descarbonização da matriz energética brasileira, conceituando alguns dos principais métodos de incentivos. Estes métodos serão descritos e detalhados com exemplos internacionais de aplicações bem sucedidas das medidas em questão, e comprovados à luz de iniciativas de políticas sustentáveis existentes no Brasil. Como concluir, estabelece-se políticas mais aderentes à realidade do país. A formatação de um mecanismo de carbono é um desafio dado à interação com muitos agentes de diferentes atividades produtivas. Se a inovação for moderna, a precificação do carbono fornecerá um caminho para uma sociedade sustentável. Sendo um incentivo para que agentes públicos, empresas e consumidores realizem mudanças em investimentos, gastos e comportamentos na direção de alternativas mais ambientalmente eficientes.</p> Claudio Teixeira Junqueira Miguel Edgar Morales Udaeta Viviane Tavares Nascimento Alba Leduchowicz Municio Viviane Tavares Nascimento Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-21 2024-02-21 22 2 e3382 e3382 10.55905/oelv22n2-186 Perspectiva fenomenológica em psicopatologia e psicologia do esporte: experiência com práticas corporais https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3383 <p>O propósito desta intervenção foi ofertar práticas corporais, com base numa perspectiva fenomenológica em Psicopatologia e Psicologia do Esporte, como recurso de promoção e saúde alinhado à proposta terapêutica do Grupo Comunitário de Saúde Mental do Hospital Dia do Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto da Universidade de São Paulo. As atividades de intervenção ocorreram a partir de setembro de 2016, atendendo em média 16 pacientes psiquiátricos do Hospital. As atividades práticas são ministradas por um professor de Educação Física (EF), monitores (EF), com acompanhamento de um Psicólogo do Esporte. Os procedimentos metodológicos foram norteados por uma perspectiva fenomenológica em Psicopatologia e Psicologia do Esporte. Trata-se de uma coleta de dados de caráter qualitativo, na qual interpretaram-se os resultados de maneira a lançarem um ensaio reflexivo, ou seja, uma alternativa que confere um olhar individual a esses dados.</p> Telma Sara Queiroz Matos Cristiano Roque Antunes Barreira Rodrigo Lourenço Salomão Sergio Ishara Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-21 2024-02-21 22 2 e3383 e3383 10.55905/oelv22n2-187 Propriedades físicas e mecânicas da madeira de Paulownia fortunei (Seem.) Hemsl. var. Mikado crescendo no Sul do Brasil https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3384 <p>A espécie <em>Paulownia fortunei</em>, originária da China, vem despertando interesse da indústria devido ao seu rápido crescimento, curta rotação e boa adaptabilidade a condições climáticas adversas, sendo apontada como uma alternativa potencial para implementação de povoamentos florestais no Brasil. O estudo teve como objetivo avaliar as propriedades físicas e mecânicas da madeira de <em>Paulownia fortunei</em> em crescimento no Estado de Santa Catarina - Brasil, visando determinar o seu potencial aos 4 anos de idade como fonte de matéria-prima para a produção de produtos sólidos. Para a caracterização física, as condições do ensaio foram definidas de acordo com a norma ASTM D- 143 (1995) e para mecânica utilizou-se as normas COPANT 30: 1-006 (1972), COPANT 30: 1-007 (1971), COPANT 30: 1-009 (1971) e NBR 7190 (2022). Os resultados mostraram que a madeira de <em>Paulownia fortunei</em> apresenta densidade básica classificada como leve, com estabilidade dimensional intermediária e baixa resistência mecânica. Com base nessas propriedades, a espécie <em>Paulownia fortunei</em> em curtas rotações apresenta potencial para diversos usos, principalmente para produção de pequenos objetos de madeira e aplicações em que a baixa densidade seja a característica de interesse, sendo uma opção viável em aplicações não estruturais ou situações que não requerem resistência a esforços excessivos.</p> Camila Alves Corrêa Alexsandro Bayestorff da Cunha Ângela Silva dos Santos João Luiz Tambosi Polliana D’ Angelo Rios Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-21 2024-02-21 22 2 e3384 e3384 10.55905/oelv22n2-188 Índice de temperatura do globo negro e umidade (ITGU) na avaliação da tolerância de caprinos ao calor - revisão integrativa https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3385 <p>Objetivou-se com este trabalho realizar uma revisão integrativa para identificar através de resultados obtidos em pesquisas realizadas com caprinos no semiárido e determinar o valor do ITGU como marco referencial de desconforto térmico para caprinos com base nas respostas fisiológicas temperatura retal e frequência respiratória. Para o desenvolvimento desse artigo foi realizada uma revisão integrativa sobre o índice de conforto térmico: Índice de temperatura de globo negro e umidade (ITGU) utilizado em pesquisas realizadas no semiárido. Foram utilizados nesse estudo 10 (dez) artigos científicos, resultantes de 10 (dez) pesquisas com um total de 257 (duzentos e cinquenta e sete) caprinos pertencentes aos grupos genéticos: Moxotó, Azul, Graúna, Anglo-Nubiana, Pardo-Sertaneja, Boer, Savana, Parda Alpina, British Alpine e os mestiços: ½Boer + ½SRD, ½Anglo-Nubiana + ½SRD, ½Savana + ½SRD, ½Kalarari + ½SRD, ½Moxotó + ½SRD, ½Saanen + ½Boer e Sem raça definida - SRD. E que utilizaram o ITGU como índice de conforto térmico, e estudaram as respostas fisiológicas: temperatura retal (TR) e frequência respiratória (FR) nos turnos da manhã e da tarde, como respostas ao estresse por calor. As médias das respostas TR e FR, sob o efeito do ITGU nos turnos da manhã e da tarde, obtidas nessas pesquisas, foram analisadas utilizando um Delineamento Inteiramente Casualizado (DIC) com 10 repetições. As repetições consideradas foram as médias das 10 pesquisas estudadas, obtidas dos 257 caprinos estudados nos turnos da manhã e da tarde. As análises foram realizadas através do programa Sistemas de Análises Estatísticas e Genéticas (SAEG, 1993) e as médias foram comparadas pelo teste F a 5% de probabilidade. A média do índice de temperatura do globo negro e umidade (ITGU), pela manhã foi 76 e à tarde 82. As variáveis fisiológicas temperatura retal (TR) e frequência respiratória (FR) variaram significativamente (p&lt;0,01) entre os turnos manhã e tarde. A TR com média de 38,92 ºC pela manhã e 39,44 ºC à tarde. Para a FR houve diferença significativa (P&lt;0,01) com média de 37 e 47 mov/min pela manhã e à tarde, respectivamente. Concluiu-se que índice de temperatura de globo negro e umidade (ITGU) é um índice de avaliação de conforto térmico que pode ser usado com eficiência para caprinos. Ambientes com ITGU igual ou próximo a 82 pode ser considerado de desconforto térmico, podendo provocar estresse baixo; e ITGU acima de 84, considerado de estresse alto, para várias raças de caprinos criadas no semiárido brasileiro.</p> Bonifácio Benicio de Souza Talícia Maria Alves Benício Nágela Maria Henrique Mascarenhas Luanna Figueirêdo Batista Gustavo de Assis Silva Expedito Danúsio de Souza João Vinícius Barbosa Roberto Maycon Rodrigues da Silva Fabíola Franklin de Medeiros Ariádne de Barros Carvalho Danilo Leite Fernandes Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-21 2024-02-21 22 2 e3385 e3385 10.55905/oelv22n2-189 Byrsonima intermedia and microbial control in bioethanol production https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3395 <p>The industrial production of bioethanol takes place through the fermentation process by the action of selected yeasts in a favorable environment generated by the high concentration of sugar in the must. For the process to occur properly, it is essential to minimize the presence and action of microbial contaminants, which enter the process compromising production. With the prospect of a growing increase in bioethanol production, the sugar-energy sector seeks to minimize contamination using antibiotics. This use has been questioned due to environmental concerns and limitation of the dry yeast trade by leaving residues and in this way, the use of plant extracts becomes attractive. In this sense, aqueous and hydroalcoholic extracts of <em>Byrsonima intermedia</em>, a plant from the Brazilian cerrado, were evaluated and revealed the ability to inhibit bacteria isolated from fermentation processes. The hydroalcoholic extract showed&nbsp; MIC ranging from 2.5 to less than 0.156 mg.mL<sup>-1</sup>,&nbsp; the aqueous extract showed less variation (between 1.25 to 0.312 mg.mL<sup>-1</sup>) and was used&nbsp; in the fermentation process. In the fermentative process the aqueous extract presented a gain of 10.06% of fermentative efficiency. The results obtained accentuate desirable qualities of the aqueous extract for use in production units and may be an alternative for microbial control in fermentation processes to produce bioethanol.</p> Arlindo José Lima de Carvalho Julia de Melo Moreira Wilton Rogério Lustri Silmara Cristina Lazarini Frajácomo Leonardo Lucas Madaleno Cássia Regina Primila Cardoso Danilo Luiz Flumignan Mariana Carina Frigieri Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-22 2024-02-22 22 2 e3395 e3395 10.55905/oelv22n2-190 O direito ao acesso à informação pública e o uso das tecnologias enquanto instrumentos modificadores do comportamento estatal https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3396 <p>O Estado passa pelo contínuo desafio de se adaptar às novas demandas trazidas pela globalização e pela sociedade em rede, na qual houve um crescimento no uso das tecnologias de informação e comunicação entre o cidadão e o ente estatal. Garantir o acesso às informações públicas solicitadas pelo cidadão é de fundamental importância em um Estado Democrático de Direito. Desse modo, a promulgação de leis específicas garantindo o acesso às informações públicas visa incentivar a participação popular no sentido de efetivar mudanças necessárias no comportamento do poder público, que deve priorizar ao máximo a transparência na divulgação das informações públicas. Empregou-se o método dedutivo para direcionar a pesquisa documental e bibliográfica sobre o direito ao acesso à informação pública.</p> Aline Martins Rospa Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-22 2024-02-22 22 2 e3396 e3396 10.55905/oelv22n2-191 Aplicação do ensino de ciências na análise da melhoria biomecânica gerada por tênis com placa de carbono: análise via tracker https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3397 <p>A biomecânica, uma disciplina que aplica as leis da Mecânica a estruturas orgânicas, ganha destaque ao explorarmos o sistema locomotor humano. Nosso foco recai sobre a locomoção humana, particularmente no contexto dos atletas, que enfrentam diversas forças durante treinos e competições. A evolução dos calçados utilizados por atletas profissionais e amadores despertou nossa curiosidade. Optamos pelo <em>software tracker</em> para conduzir nosso estudo, uma escolha que nos possibilitou realizar análises, tanto com movimento quanto sem, para cada tipo de tênis. Como resultado, constatamos que os tênis com placa de carbono exercem uma influência direta no desempenho, associada ao peso do usuário. Além disso, observamos que o formato curvo da sola impulsiona o atleta para frente, enquanto o formato reto do tênis sem placa não favorece a eficiente transferência de força a cada passo. Em resumo, nossa metodologia baseada no <em>software tracker</em> evidenciou melhorias significativas nos tênis que incorporavam a placa de carbono.</p> Lucas Silva da Silva Wanderson Oliveira Rodrigues Rafaella Cristine de Souza Natarsia Camila Luso Amaral Suelen Rocha Botão Ferreira Welberth Santos Ferreira Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-22 2024-02-22 22 2 e3397 e3397 10.55905/oelv22n2-192 Elasticidade-preço do tomate nas principais ceasas da região sudeste de 2011 a 2021 https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3398 <p>Esta pesquisa científica se propôs a examinar os dados relacionados de comercialização de tomates nos quatro municípios de maior destaque na região Sudeste, que são: São Paulo, Belo Horizonte, Rio de Janeiro e Vitória, durante o período de 2011 a 2021. O estudo buscou detectar os intervalos de tempo nos quais os volumes e preços de tomates em cada CEASA alcançaram seus picos e vales, além de calcular a elasticidade de preço ao longo do período mencionado em cada município selecionado. Para tal fim, foi empregada uma metodologia de análise de dados e procedeu-se com o cálculo da elasticidade no ponto, além de se aplicar a regressão simples através do modelo log-log para investigar a correlação entre preço e quantidade. A fonte primária dos dados foi o site da Companhia Nacional de Abastecimento (CONAB), mais especificamente através da PROHORT – SIMAB. Os resultados demonstraram que a região Sudeste teve um papel preponderante na produção nacional de tomates em 2021, e que os CEASAs exibiram uma diminuição na quantidade de tomates vendidos durante os períodos analisados. Foi possível concluir que os estados de São Paulo e Minas Gerais foram os maiores produtores nessa região. Verificou-se uma diminuição na quantidade de tomates comercializados pela CEASA e um maior índice de sensibilidade dos consumidores em relação aos preços no CEASA de Vitória, em comparação com o de São Paulo. Este estudo contribui para uma compreensão aprofundada da comercialização deste vegetal de grande importância na região que mais consome no país. Espera-se que pesquisas futuras expandam esta análise para outras regiões do Brasil, a fim de ampliar o conhecimento sobre a dinâmica do consumo de tomate em território nacional.</p> Jeronimo Alves dos Santos Adriana Estela Sanjuan Montebello Marta Cristina Marjotta-Maistro Maria Thereza Macedo Pedroso Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-22 2024-02-22 22 2 e3398 e3398 10.55905/oelv22n2-193 Effect of temperature and time on the synthesis of calcium phosphate obtained by microwave hydrothermal method https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3401 <p>Bioceramics are materials used in biomedical devices for bone replacement, and calcium phosphate derivatives are widely used in cases of bone defect repair. The aim was to evaluate the influence of temperature and time on the synthesis of calcium phosphate obtained by the microwave hydrothermal method on its structural and morphological characteristics with a view to application as a bone graft. The calcium phosphate powders (calcium octophosphate, hydroxyapatite and calcium triphosphate) were produced using the microwave hydrothermal method. To obtain the calcium phosphate powders, aqueous solutions of Ca (OH)2 and H3 PO4 were used and subjected to the microwave hydrothermal method at temperatures of 110°C and 130°C for 30 and 60 minutes, then calcined at 700°C for 1 hour and characterized using XRD, FTIR, SEM, particle size distribution, apparent density, and apparent porosity. The results obtained by the techniques confirm crystalline and morphological modifications, and homogeneous distribution of the particles, and the phases of interest, octophosphate, hydroxyapatite and calcium β-triphosphate, were identified. The formation of the β-TCP phase was predominant in the samples in which the microwave hydrothermal synthesis was carried out over a longer time and at a higher temperature. It was found that the proposed synthesis method was effective in terms of time/temperature, offering advantages over conventional techniques, such as improving the primary characteristics for choosing a biomaterial to be used in cases of bone regeneration.</p> Ana Elisa Vilicev Italiano Ricardo Luis Tranquilin Rafael Almeida de Oliveira Pedro Thives Eising Pietro Sinigaglia Lunelli Danny Omar Mendoza Marin Márcio Luiz dos Santos Luís Geraldo Vaz Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-22 2024-02-22 22 2 e3401 e3401 10.55905/oelv22n2-194 Organic fertilization as a sustainable alternative in the production of bean varieties in the brazilian semiarid region https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3400 <p>This study aimed to evaluate the effect of organic fertilization and the use of rock powder in different varieties of cowpea in an agroecological family farming system in a semi-arid region of Brazil. The design was in randomized blocks 4 blocks x 4 treatments (T1 - witness; T2 - 4.0 t ha<sup>-1</sup> rock powder; T3 - 10 t ha<sup>-1</sup> bovine manure + organic matter; and T4 - 4 t ha<sup>-1</sup> rock powder + 2.1 t ha<sup>-1</sup> organic compound) x 3 varieties. At 65 days, plant height (PH), stem diameter (SD), number of leaves (NL), leaf area (LA), and crop yield were evalueted: number of pods (NP), number of pods per plant (NPP), total seed weight (TSW), grain production (GP) and shoot dry matter production (SDMA). The creole variety Sedinha obtained better results in the development and yield of the crop, the organic compost was the most efficient for all varieties, the addition of rock powder did not result in significant effects compared to other treatments. This study highlights the potential for producing Creole seeds, in addition to demonstrating that organic fertilization is an efficient alternative, and reduces the use of chemical fertilizers contributing to the sustainable use of natural resources.</p> Cássio Ricardo Gonçalves da Costa Marcos Gomes da Silva Ailson de Lima Marques Debora Coelho Moura Anne Carolline Maia Linhares Helder Windson Gomes dos Santos Oliveira Thiago Alves Moura Nicollas Bernardo Ferreira da Silva Nataline da Silva Pontes Maykon Douglas Gomes Barbosa Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-22 2024-02-22 22 2 e3400 e3400 10.55905/oelv22n2-195 Aspectos fisiológicos e produtivos de Stylosanthes SPP. CV. Campo Grande no semiárido brasileiro sob diferentes condições nutricionais https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3410 <p>O <em>Stylosanthes </em>spp cv. Campo Grande possui grande potencial adaptativo aos solos pobres, presentes em grande parte do semiárido brasileiro, além de ser resistente a elevadas temperaturas e umidade ao longo do ano vem sendo utilizada como uma importante ferramenta para minimizar a degradação de pastagens em virtude de sua característica de fixação do nitrogênio no solo. No entanto, as informações fisiológicas dessa espécie ainda estão sendo iniciadas, possuindo poucas pesquisas nessa ótica. Assim, o objetivo do trabalho foi avaliar os aspectos fisiológicos e produtivos de <em>Stylosanthes </em>spp. cv Campo Grande no semiárido brasileiro sob diferentes condições nutricionais. O delineamento utilizado foi em blocos casualizados, sendo composto de 5 tratamentos (T1 - sem adubação, T2 - adubação orgânica, T3 - adubação mineral, T4 - pó de rocha e T5 - pó de rocha + adubação orgânica) e 4 repetições, onde foram avaliadas o teor relativo de clorofila, taxa de assimilação líquida de CO<sub>2 </sub>(<em>A</em>),<sub>, </sub>condutância estomática (<em>g</em><sub>s</sub>), taxa de transpiração (<em>E</em>), concentração interna de CO<sub>2</sub> (<em>C</em><sub>i</sub>), temperatura da folha (T<sub>leaf</sub>), eficiência do uso da água (EUA), eficiência de&nbsp; carboxilação (EC) e percentual de matéria seca (MS)<strong>. </strong>Das variáveis analisadas, apenas a concentração interna de CO<sub>2</sub> (<em>C</em><sub>i</sub>) na aplicação de adubação orgânica apresentou resultado significativo.</p> Neila Barbosa Farias Henrique Costa Leite Anderson Ferreira Carnauba Thaisy Lúcia Ribeiro Oliveira Valtiene Azevedo Lima Cícero Gomes dos Santos Dayane Mércia Ribeiro Silva José Vieira Silva Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-22 2024-02-22 22 2 e3410 e3410 10.55905/oelv22n2-196 Estratégias de prevenção das lesões por pressão em pacientes críticos: uma revisão integrativa https://ojs.observatoriolatinoamericano.com/ojs/index.php/olel/article/view/3411 <p>Introdução: Estima-se que a prevenção de lesões por pressão representa um elemento crucial no contexto da assistência em saúde em ambientes de alta complexidade como as Unidades de Terapia Intensiva. As intervenções consideram as condições biopsicossociais do paciente, sendo que as práticas adotadas incluem avaliações regulares dos pacientes, cuidados específicos e adequações estruturais. Objetivo: Descrever, de acordo com a literatura, as principais formas/estratégias de prevenção das LP que podem ser aplicadas nos pacientes críticos assim como identificar lacunas neste campo. Método: Revisão integrativa da literatura que incluiu estudos primários, quantitativos e qualitativos, que incluíram características dos participantes, amostra, resultados do estudo e as principais estratégias de prevenção das LP como identificação do profissional que realizou a intervenção e o tipo de estratégia realizada. A estratégia de busca foi identificada por uma pesquisa sistemática realizada nos últimos cinco anos (2018 a 2022). Foram utilizados 3 bancos de dados: BDEnf, Scielo, Lilacs. A triagem foi independente de todos os artigos, inicialmente com base no título, resumo e, posteriormente com base no texto completo. Resultados: Do total de 75 estudos analisados, sete foram incluídos para a análise. Conclusão: Os estudos das principais estratégias de prevenção das LP recaem para o cuidado, prevenção na implementação de um conjunto de estratégias que devem ser cuidadosamente planejadas e executadas por uma a equipe multiprofissional, sendo um diferencial significativo na qualidade dos cuidados de saúde em ambientes de alta complexidade.</p> Francirômulo da Costa Nascimento Marcela Bezerra Dias Viviane Aparecida de Souza Grillo Juliana Clementino Pimentel Belília Domireth Gomes Canga Amanda Costa Maciel Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-22 2024-02-22 22 2 e3411 e3411 10.55905/oelv22n2-197