Ethics Code

Publication Ethics Policy and Declaration of Improper Publication Procedures
 
This Periodical (Magazine) is committed to ethics and quality in publication. We support standards of ethical behavior expected of all parties involved in publishing in our journal: the author, the journal editor, the reviewers and the editor. We do not accept plagiarism or any other unethical behavior.
 
Duties of Editors:
 
• Publication decision: The journal editor is responsible for deciding which of the articles submitted to the journal should be published. The editor is guided by the policies of the magazine's editorial board and in strict compliance with legal requirements regarding defamation, copyright infringement and plagiarism. The editor may consult the editorial board or contributors when making decisions.
 
• Fair Rules: The editor must evaluate manuscripts for their intellectual content without regard to race, sex, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, nationality, or the political philosophy of the authors.
 
• Confidentiality: The editor and any editorial staff must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the author himself, reviewers, potential contributors, other editorial advisors, and the editor, as applicable.
 
• Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest: The editor must not use unpublished information in its own investigation without the express written consent of the author. The editor must refrain from evaluating manuscripts in which he has any conflict of interest resulting from competitive or collaborative relationships or any other type of relationship or connections with any of the authors, companies or (possibly) institutions that are linked/connected to the articles.
 
• Participation and cooperation in investigations: The editor must take reasonable responsive action when ethical complaints have been made in relation to a submitted manuscript or published article.
 
Duties of Reviewers:
 
• Contribution to Editorial Decision: Peer review helps the editor in making editorial decisions and through editorial communications with the author it can also help the author in improving the article.
 
• Timeliness: Any selected referee who does not feel qualified to evaluate the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its immediate review will be impossible must notify the editor and excuse themselves from the review process.
 
• Confidentiality: All manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. They should not be shown or discussed with others.
 
• Standards of objectivity: Comments must be conducted objectively and reviewers must express their opinions clearly with supporting arguments.
 
• Source Recognition: Peer reviewers should identify relevant published works that have not been cited by the authors. The reviewer should also draw the editor's attention to any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript in question and any other published document of which they have personal knowledge.
 
• Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest: Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal gain. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have any conflict of interest resulting from competitive or collaborative relationships or any other type of relationship or connections with any of the authors, companies or (possibly) institutions that are linked / connected to the articles.
 
Duties of Authors:
 
• Reporting Standards: Authors of original research reports must present an accurate account of the work performed, as well as an objective analysis of its significance. Underlying data must be presented accurately in the article. A document must contain sufficient detail and references to allow others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or intentionally inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable.
 
• Originality and Plagiarism: Authors must ensure that their works are completely original, and if authors have used the work and/or words of other authors these must be properly cited or cited. Plagiarism in all its forms constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.
 
• Multiple, redundant, or competing publications: An author should not, in general, publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal simultaneously and/or publishing the same article in different journals constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.
 
• Source Acknowledgment: Proper acknowledgment of the work of others should always be done. Authors should cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the work reported. Information obtained privately, such as in conversation, correspondence, or discussion with third parties, should not be used or reported without explicit, written permission from the source. Information obtained in the course of confidential services, such as referee manuscripts or grant applications, should not be used without the explicit, written authorization of the author of the work involved in those services.
 
• Article Authorship: Authorship should be limited to those who made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made significant contributions must be listed as co-authors. Others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project should also be recognized or listed as contributors. The author must ensure that all suitable and no inappropriate co-authors are included in the article, and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the document and agreed to its submission for publication.
 
• Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest: All authors must disclose in their manuscripts any financial or substantive/material conflict of interest that could lead to influencing the results or interpretations in their manuscripts. All sources of financial support for the project must be disclosed.
 
• Fundamental errors in published works: When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his or her own published work, it is the author's obligation to immediately notify the editor of the magazine or publishing house and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the article.
 
Publisher Duties
 
We are committed to ensuring that the receipt of advertising, reprint or other commercial revenue does not have any impact or influence on editorial decisions.
 
Our articles are reviewed to ensure the quality of scientific publications and we are also users of CrossCheck (Croschure software for identifying plagiarism).
 
* This Ethics Policy is based on recommendations from Elsevier and the COPE Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors
 
* This statement is based on Elsevier recommendations and COPE's Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors.