Organic fertilization as a sustainable alternative in the production of bean varieties in the brazilian semiarid region

Authors

  • Cássio Ricardo Gonçalves da Costa
  • Marcos Gomes da Silva
  • Ailson de Lima Marques
  • Debora Coelho Moura
  • Anne Carolline Maia Linhares
  • Helder Windson Gomes dos Santos Oliveira
  • Thiago Alves Moura
  • Nicollas Bernardo Ferreira da Silva
  • Nataline da Silva Pontes
  • Maykon Douglas Gomes Barbosa

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.55905/oelv22n2-195

Keywords:

agroecology, community seed bank, local seed system, organic production, sustainability

Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the effect of organic fertilization and the use of rock powder in different varieties of cowpea in an agroecological family farming system in a semi-arid region of Brazil. The design was in randomized blocks 4 blocks x 4 treatments (T1 - witness; T2 - 4.0 t ha-1 rock powder; T3 - 10 t ha-1 bovine manure + organic matter; and T4 - 4 t ha-1 rock powder + 2.1 t ha-1 organic compound) x 3 varieties. At 65 days, plant height (PH), stem diameter (SD), number of leaves (NL), leaf area (LA), and crop yield were evalueted: number of pods (NP), number of pods per plant (NPP), total seed weight (TSW), grain production (GP) and shoot dry matter production (SDMA). The creole variety Sedinha obtained better results in the development and yield of the crop, the organic compost was the most efficient for all varieties, the addition of rock powder did not result in significant effects compared to other treatments. This study highlights the potential for producing Creole seeds, in addition to demonstrating that organic fertilization is an efficient alternative, and reduces the use of chemical fertilizers contributing to the sustainable use of natural resources.

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Published

2024-02-22

How to Cite

da Costa, C. R. G., da Silva, M. G., Marques, A. de L., Moura, D. C., Linhares, A. C. M., Oliveira, H. W. G. dos S., Moura, T. A., da Silva, N. B. F., Pontes, N. da S., & Barbosa, M. D. G. (2024). Organic fertilization as a sustainable alternative in the production of bean varieties in the brazilian semiarid region. OBSERVATÓRIO DE LA ECONOMÍA LATINOAMERICANA, 22(2), e3400. https://doi.org/10.55905/oelv22n2-195

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