Organic fertilization as a sustainable alternative in the production of bean varieties in the brazilian semiarid region


  • Cássio Ricardo Gonçalves da Costa
  • Marcos Gomes da Silva
  • Ailson de Lima Marques
  • Debora Coelho Moura
  • Anne Carolline Maia Linhares
  • Helder Windson Gomes dos Santos Oliveira
  • Thiago Alves Moura
  • Nicollas Bernardo Ferreira da Silva
  • Nataline da Silva Pontes
  • Maykon Douglas Gomes Barbosa



agroecology, community seed bank, local seed system, organic production, sustainability


This study aimed to evaluate the effect of organic fertilization and the use of rock powder in different varieties of cowpea in an agroecological family farming system in a semi-arid region of Brazil. The design was in randomized blocks 4 blocks x 4 treatments (T1 - witness; T2 - 4.0 t ha-1 rock powder; T3 - 10 t ha-1 bovine manure + organic matter; and T4 - 4 t ha-1 rock powder + 2.1 t ha-1 organic compound) x 3 varieties. At 65 days, plant height (PH), stem diameter (SD), number of leaves (NL), leaf area (LA), and crop yield were evalueted: number of pods (NP), number of pods per plant (NPP), total seed weight (TSW), grain production (GP) and shoot dry matter production (SDMA). The creole variety Sedinha obtained better results in the development and yield of the crop, the organic compost was the most efficient for all varieties, the addition of rock powder did not result in significant effects compared to other treatments. This study highlights the potential for producing Creole seeds, in addition to demonstrating that organic fertilization is an efficient alternative, and reduces the use of chemical fertilizers contributing to the sustainable use of natural resources.


FAOSTAT. Crops. 2018. Available at: Accessed on: June 30, 2019.

Ruas JF (2018). Bean. In: Perspectives for Agriculture, 6, 1-112.

Zanuncio Junior JS, Lazzarini AL, Oliveira AA, Rodrigues LA, Souza IIM, Andrikopoulos FB, Fornazier MJ, Costa AF (2018). Agroecological pest management: alternatives for sustainable agriculture. Intelletto Scientific Journal. 3(3), 18-34.

BRASIL. Decree No. 6,323, of December 27, 2007. Provides for organic farming and makes other provisions. (pp. 2). Federal Official Gazette, Brasilia, Section 1.

Azevedo E, Schmidt W, Karam KF (2011). Organic family farming and quality of life. A case study in Santa Rosa de Lima, SC, Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Agroecology, 6(3), 81-106.

Michereff Filho M, Resende FV, Vidal MC, Guimarães JÁ, Moura AP de, Silva PS da, Reyes CP (2013). Pest management in vegetables during the agroecological transition. Embrapa Vegetables. 1, 1-16.

Medeiros FP, Cardoso IM, Vieira MSS (2020). Participatory experimentation with rock dust. Agroecology notebooks.1, 24-32.

Cavalcante SN, Dutra KOG, Medeiros R, Lima SV, Santos JGR, Andrade R, Mesquita EF (2009). Production behavior of macassar beans (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) as a function of different dosages and concentrations of biofertilizer. Journal of Biology and Earth Sciences, 1, 10-14.

Melo RF, Brito LTL, Pereira LA, Anjos JB (2009). Evaluation of the use of organic fertilizer in the cultures of corn and cowpea in an underground dam. Brazilian Journal of Agroecology, 4(2), 1264-1267.

Pereira RF, Lima AS, Maia Filho FCF, Cavalcante SF, Santos JGR, Andrade R (2013b). Production of live beans under organic fertilization in a semiarid environment. Scientific Agriculture in the Semiarid Region, 9(2), 27-32.

Costa CRG da, Silva MG da, Fraga VS (2020). Response of the Growth of Cowpea Varieties Submitted to Organic Fertilization Produced under a Regosol in the Semiarid Region of Paraiba. Journal of Experimental Agriculture International, 42(1), 84-92.

Alves EU, Oliveira AP, Bruno RLA, Araújo E, Silva JAL da, Gonçalves EP, Costa CC (2000). Production of pod bean seeds according to sources and doses of organic matter. Brazilian Horticulture, 18(3), 215-221.

Pereira LB (2011). Application of organic fertilizer on irrigated beans in the winter period. Embrapa Rice and Beans, 1, 1-7.

Theodoro SHO, Leonardos EL, Rocha KG (2006). Experiences in the use of silicate rocks as a source of nutrients. Space & Geography, 9, 263–92.

Luz AB, Bezerra MS, Castilhos ZC, Sampaio JÁ, Loureiro FEL (2010). Rocks, minerals and technological routes for the production of alternative fertilizers. In: Fernandes, F. R. C.; Luz, A. B. da; Castilhos, Z. C. (Eds.). Agrominerais for Brazil, (pp. 61-88).

Straaten PV (2006). Farming with rocks and minerals: challenges and opportunities. Proceedings of the Brazilian Academy of Sciences, 78(4), 731-747.

Donagema GK, Campos DVB, Calderano SB, Teixeira WG, Viana JH (2011). Soil analysis methods manual. 2ed. Rio de Janeiro: Embrapa Solos, 230 p.

Santana CTC, Santi A, Dallacort R, Santos ML, Menezes CB (2012). Performance of lettuce cultivars in response to different doses of filter cake. Agronomic Science, 43(1), 22-29.

Costa Junior S, Silva FB, Marchi ECS, Machado RCO, Delgado MN (2018). Cultivation of American lettuce and cowpeas under different organic fertilizers for the Brazilian Midwest. Agrogeoambiental Magazine, 10(2), 1-9.

Nunes V, Carvalho MAC, Yamachita OM, Koga OS, Selanti HF (2017). Organic and mineral fertilization in the sowing of common bean cultivars. Ambience Guarapuava, 13(3), 629–64.

Freitas GA, Sousa CR, Capone A, Afférri AVM, Silva RR (2012). Organic fertilization in the planting furrow and its influence on the development of sorghum. Journal of Biotechnology and Biodiversity, 3(1), 61-67.

Pereira RF, Cavalcante SN, Lima SS, Maia Filho FCF, Santos JGR (2013a). Growth and yield of vigna beans submitted to organic fertilization. Green Magazine, 8(3), 91 – 96.

Reis LS, Azevedo CAV, Albuquerque AWS, Junior JF (2013). Leaf area index and tomato yield under protected environment conditions. Brazilian Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Engineering, 17(4), 386-391.

Ferreira ERNC, Almeida JÁ, Mafra AL (2009). Basalt powder, development and nutrition of common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) and chemical properties of a Humic Cambisol. Journal of agroveterinary sciences, 8(2), 111-121.

Carvalho MG (2012). Production of fava beans according to different doses of organic and mineral fertilization. (pp. 60). (Master in Agronomy) - Federal University of Piauí.

Araújo ER, Silva TO, Menezes RSC, Fraga VS, Sampaio EVSB (2011). Biomass and mineral nutrition of forages grown in semiarid soils fertilized with manure. Brazilian Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Engineering, 15(9), 890-895.

Oliveira NG, De-Polli H, Almeida DL, Guerra JGM (2006). Pod beans sown on perennial grass and legume cover and in mobilized soil, with organic fertilization. Brazilian Agricultural Research, 41(9), 1361-1367.

Oliveira LC (2019). Nitrogen sources in the production of cowpea biomass in soil management systems. (pp. 40). Federal University of Maranhão.




How to Cite

da Costa, C. R. G., da Silva, M. G., Marques, A. de L., Moura, D. C., Linhares, A. C. M., Oliveira, H. W. G. dos S., Moura, T. A., da Silva, N. B. F., Pontes, N. da S., & Barbosa, M. D. G. (2024). Organic fertilization as a sustainable alternative in the production of bean varieties in the brazilian semiarid region. OBSERVATÓRIO DE LA ECONOMÍA LATINOAMERICANA, 22(2), e3400.




Most read articles by the same author(s)