Species diversity, behavior and visit rates to melon flowers (Cucumis melo l.) as a function of time and seasonality in a semi-arid climate region in Brazil

Authors

  • Cássio Ricardo Gonçalves da Costa
  • Marcos Gomes da Silva
  • Ailson de Lima Marques
  • Debora Coelho Moura
  • Anne Carolline Maia Linhares
  • Helder Windson Gomes dos Santos Oliveira
  • Thiago Alves Moura
  • Nicollas Bernardo Ferreira da Silva
  • Nataline da Silva Pontes
  • Maykon Douglas Gomes Barbosa

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.55905/oelv22n2-163

Keywords:

melon, pollination, biological rhythms, bees, foraging

Abstract

In this research we evaluated the phenology of melon flowering (Cucumis melo L.) and the diversity of floral visitors in geographical conditions of semi-arid climate in Northeast Brazil, during the wet and dry seasons. The floral phenology of the melon was evaluated by recording the number of flowers produced/plant/day from 30 plants, the insects that visited the flowers were recorded following three methods: visual counts, sweep collection and counting and identification, we observe and count the number of visits to flowers from 30 plants (n = 30) during the first 45 minutes of each hour. This study reports the diversity of melon pollinators in geographical conditions located in a semi-arid climate region, with specific seasonal fluctuations, which explains the behavior pattern found at work. The order Hymenoptera predominated among floral visitors, especially Apis melífera and Trigona spinipes. The flowering cycle was influenced by seasonality, with a longer duration in the dry season, the flowering and visiting peaks were higher during the hottest hours of the day, regardless of the season. There was a preference for visitation in the morning hours, with a peak at 10 a.m. and a gradual decrease in the presence of insects in the late afternoon.

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Published

2024-02-20

How to Cite

da Costa, C. R. G., da Silva, M. G., Marques, A. de L., Moura, D. C., Linhares, A. C. M., Oliveira, H. W. G. dos S., Moura, T. A., da Silva, N. B. F., Pontes, N. da S., & Barbosa, M. D. G. (2024). Species diversity, behavior and visit rates to melon flowers (Cucumis melo l.) as a function of time and seasonality in a semi-arid climate region in Brazil. OBSERVATÓRIO DE LA ECONOMÍA LATINOAMERICANA, 22(2), e3340. https://doi.org/10.55905/oelv22n2-163

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