Relação entre a funcionalidade e fatores sociodemográficos com a autoavaliação da saúde bucal de pacientes graves recuperados da COVID-19 12 meses após alta em UTI

Authors

  • Ethyenne Alessandra Berechavinski Scendrzyk
  • Ianka Amaral Caetano
  • Cristina Berger Fadel
  • Celso Bilynkievycz Santos

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.55905/oelv21n12-014

Keywords:

avaliação da deficiência, saúde bucal, higiene bucal, fatores sociodemográficos, COVID-19

Abstract

Introdução: A COVID-19 afetou mundialmente milhares de pessoas e evidenciou que determinados grupos de indivíduos são mais suscetíveis a desenvolver sua forma grave e apresentar sintomas tardios, o que pode afetar sua qualidade de vida e funcionalidade. No entanto, não foram encontrados estudos que correlacionem fatores sociodemográficos (renda familiar mensal, escolaridade e situação de trabalho) e a funcionalidade do indivíduo com a autoavaliação de saúde bucal 12 meses após alta da UTI. Metodologia: Realizou-se um estudo transversal e analítico, com abordagem quantitativa, com dados sociodemográficos, de autopercepção de saúde e escala Whodas 2.0, versão 12 itens. Os sujeitos de pesquisa foram pacientes egressos do HURCG com alta hospitalar no mínimo 12 meses antes da coleta de dados e que ficaram internados em UTI. A análise de dados foi realizada por meio da Mineração de Dados. Resultados: Dos 32 pacientes incluídos no estudo 8 foram considerados incapacitados. Foi verificada a inexistência de diferença significativa entre autoavaliação de saúde bucal relacionado com a incapacidade do indivíduo (p=0,7631). Conclusão: Não foi possível relacionar a autoavaliação de saúde bucal com incapacidade, podendo ser explicado através da teoria do paradoxo da deficiência e teoria da comparação.

References

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION – WHO. Coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19): situation report 51. Geneva: World Health Organization. Genebra, Suíça: WHO, 2008. 330 p. Available from: https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/331475

Ferreira AD, Perovano LS, Barboza LI, Nascimento WM, Da Silva FM, Reis EC. Perfil sociodemográfico dos pacientes confirmados para Covid-19 residentes no Espírito Santo, Brasil. AtoZ [Internet]. 21 dez 2020 [cited 2023 mar 17];9(2):216. Available from: https://doi.org/10.5380/atoz.v9i2.76179

McKenzie K. Socio-demographic data collection and equity in covid-19 in Toronto. EClinicalMedicine [Internet]. Apr 2021 [cited 2023 Mar 18]; 34:100812. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eclinm.2021.100812

Amaral ID, Marafigo LR, Alves FB, Santos CB, Fadel CB. Factors associated with disability in patients after discharge from Intensive Care Units COVID-19. Rev Rene [Internet]. 2022 Nov 9 [cited 2023 Mar 17];23:e81314. Available from: https://doi.org/10.15253/2175-6783.20222381314

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION – WHO. Classificação Internacional de Funcionalidade, Incapacidade e Saúde: Ciências Médicas, 2008. Available from: https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/42407/9788531407840_por.pdf;sequence=111

Paiva SF, et al. Assessment of functionality and disability in an elderly group after Covid-19: a case study. Rev Valore. 2021 [cited 2023 Apr 1]; 6;109-119. Available from: https://revistavalore.emnuvens.com.br/valore/article/view/1023/816

Santos GAM, et al. Covid-19: the quarantine, citizens in their social and psychological context and implications for their oral health. Brazilian Journal of Development. 2021 Jun [cited 2023 Apr 1]; 7(7): 73653-73674. doi: 10.34117/bjdv7n7-508

OMS. Avaliação de Saúde e Deficiência: Manual do WHO Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS 2.0). 2015 Apr [cited 2023 Apr 1]. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/274954713_Avaliacao_de_Saude_e_Deficiencia_Manual_do_WHO_Disability_Assessment_Schedule_WHODAS_20

Ribeiro BMSS, Carvalho EFT. Post-COVID-19 syndrome: main changes in the sensory system. Rev. Saúde e Meio Ambiente. 2022 [cited 2023 Apr 7];14(2):28-39. Available from: https://desafioonline.ufms.br/index.php/sameamb/article/view/14690

Oliveira MC, Oliveira LVF. Status funcional e qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde em pacientes pós covid-19 submetidos a um programa de reabilitação pulmonar ambulatorial [thesis]. Anápolis: UniEVANGÉLICA, 2022; 2022. 82p

Huang C, et al. 6-month consequences of COVID-19 in patients discharged from hospital: a cohort study. The Lancet. 2021 Jan [cited 2023 Apr 8]; 397(10270):220-232. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)32656-8

Mendelson M, et al. Long-COVID: An evolving problem with an extensive impact. Rev. Scielo Afr. Med. 2021 [cited 2023 8 Apr]; 111 (1). Available from: https://doi.org/10.7196/samj.2020.v111i11.15433. doi: 10.7196/samj.2020.v111i11.15433

Gautam AP, et al. Pumonary rehabilitation in COVID-19 pandemic era: The need for a revised approach. PubMed Central. 2020 [cited 2023 Apr 8]; 25(12):1320-1322. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1111/resp.13946. doi:10.1111/resp.13946

Rocha DF. Capacidade funcional e qualidade de vida em indivíduos pós COVID-19 [undergraduate thesis]. Santa Cruz: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; 2022. 22p

Okuma SM, Paula AFM, Carmo GP, Pandolfi MM. Characterization of patients assisted by occupational therapy in adult intensive care unit. Rev Internist Bras Ter Ocup [Internet]. 2017 [cited 2023 Apr 12]; 1(5):574-588

Figueiredo AM, et al. Social determinants of health and COVID-19 infection in Brazil: an analysis of the pandemic. Rev Bras Enferm [Internet]. 2020 [cited 2023 Apr 12];73(suppl 2). Available from: https://doi.org/10.1590/0034-7167-2020-0673

Maior LFS. AUTOGERENCIAMENTO DE SAÚDE BUCAL EM TEMPOS DE PANDEMIA DA Covid-19 NO BRASIL: uma abordagem transversal [thesis]: Universidade Federal de Pernambuco; 2022. Available from: https://repositorio.ufpe.br/handle/123456789/49325

Santos KO, et al. Trabalho, saúde e vulnerabilidade na pandemia de COVID-19. Cad Saude Publica [Internet]. 2020 [cited 2023 May 03];36(12). Available from: https://doi.org/10.1590/0102-311x00178320

Lenzi L, Wiens A, Grochocki MH, Pontarolo R. Study of the relationship between socio-demographic characteristics and new influenza A (H1N1). Braz J Infect Dis [Internet]. 2011 Oct [cited 2023 Apr 29];15(5):457-61. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1590/s1413-86702011000500007

Sousa TC, Campos MM, Alves JS, Batista AB, Farias FN, Moreira AM, Dias AB, Freire QC, Araújo MV, Andrade ED. Quality of life and the repercussions of Covid-19 in individuals without pre-existing diseases. Rev Eletronica Acervo Saude [Internet]. 2022 Jul 30 [cited 2023 Apr 12];15(7):e10534. Available from: https://doi.org/10.25248/reas.e10534.2022

Sousa JL, Henriques A, Silva ZP, Severo M, Silva S. Socioeconomic positions and self-rated oral health in Brazil: results of the Brazilian National Health Survey. Cad Saude Publica [Internet]. 2019 [cited 2023 Apr 12];35(6). Available from: https://doi.org/10.1590/0102-311x00099518

Falvey JR, Ferrante LE. Flattening the disability curve: Rehabilitation and recovery after COVID-19 infection. Heart Amp Lung [Internet]. 2020 Sep [cited 2023 May 03];49(5):440-1. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hrtlng.2020.05.001

Medeiros CC, et al. LIST OF SENSORY LOSSES CAUSED BY COVID-19 IN QUALITY OF LIFE. Saglık Akad Kastamonu [Internet]. 2022 Oct 31 [cited 2023 May 03];7(Special Issue):93-4. Available from: https://doi.org/10.25279/sak.1137391

Santos AC, et al. The testing for COVID-19 in symptomatic patients as a protective factor against stress, anxiety, and depression. Rev Bras Saude Matern Infant [Internet]. 2021 Feb [cited 2023 May 10];21(suppl 1):133-43. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1590/1806-9304202100s100007

Feitoza TM, Chaves AM, Muniz GT, Cruz MC, Cunha Junior ID. COMORBIDADES E COVID-19. Rev Interfaces [Internet]. 2020 Nov 5 [cited 2023 May 10];8(3):711-23. Available from: https://doi.org/10.16891/2317-434x.v8.e3.a2020.pp711-723

Theme Filha MM, Souza Junior PR, Damacena GN, Szwarcwald CL. Prevalência de doenças crônicas não transmissíveis e associação com autoavaliação de saúde: Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde, 2013. Rev Bras Epidemiologia [Internet]. 2015 Dec [cited 2023 May 10];18(suppl 2):83-96. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1590/1980-5497201500060008

Morais GC, Reis GÁ, Silva JF. Impacto do isolamento social na capacidade funcional dos idosos de Belo Horizonte durante a pandemia da Covid-19 e seus reflexos na Saúde Pública. Rev Eletronica Acervo Saude [Internet]. 2022 Mar 11 [cited 2023 May 12];15(3):e9894. Available from: https://doi.org/10.25248/reas.e9894.2022

Mekhemar M, Conrad J, Attia S, Dörfer C. Oral Health Attitudes among Preclinical and Clinical Dental Students in Germany. Int J Environ Res Public Health [Internet]. 2020 Jun 15 [cited 2023 Apr 12];17(12):4253. Available from: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124253

Ramos AA, et al. Self-perception of health of elderly hospitalized for COVID-19 and associated factors. Saglik Akad Kastamonu [Internet]. 2022 Oct 31 [cited 2023 May 03];7(Special Issue): 173-4. Available from: https://doi.org/10.25279/sak.1138715

Araújo L, Ribeiro O. Incapacity paradox of very-old people. Acta Med Port. 2011 [cited May 03]; 24(S2): 189-196, Portugal. Available from: https://www.actamedicaportuguesa.com/revista/index.php/amp/article/view/1510/1095

Rapkin BD, Schwartz CE. Health Toward a theoretical model of quality-of-life appraisal: Implications of findings from studies of response shift [Internet]. 2004 [cited 2023 May 01];2(1):14. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1186/1477-7525-2-14

Kerckhoffs MC, et al. Determinants of self-reported unacceptable outcome of intensive care treatment 1 year after discharge. Intensive Care Med [Internet]. 2019 Mar 6 [cited 2023 May 03];45(6):806-14. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00134-019-05583-4

Sprangers MA, Schwartz CE. Integrating response shift into health-related quality of life research: a theoretical model. Soc Sci Amp Med [Internet]. 1999 Jun [cited 2023 May 03];48(11):1507-15. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0277-9536(99)00045-3

Besteiro ST, Aguilera JFT, Lucas JF, Suárez VJC. Gender Differences in the COVID-19 Pandemic Risk Perception, Psychology, and Behaviors of Spanish University Students. Int J Environ Res Public Health [Internet]. 2021 [cited 2023 Mar 17]; 18(8):3908. Available from: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18083908

Braga DRA, et al. Oral health conditions in people affected by Covid-19. J. Health Biol Sci. 2021 [cited 2023 Mar 17]; 9 (1): 1-8. Available from: https://periodicos.unichristus.edu.br/jhbs/article/view/3847/1367 doi: 10.12662/2317-3206jhbs.v9i1.3847

Buffon MR, Severo IM, Barcellos RD, Azzolin KD, Lucena AD. Critically ill COVID-19 patients: a sociodemographic and clinical profile and associations between variables and workload. Rev Bras Enferm [Internet]. 2022 [cited 2023 Mar 17];75(suppl 1). Available from: https://doi.org/10.1590/0034-7167-2021-0119

Franco AG, et al, Psychotropic drugs and their correlation with the stomatognathic system in the Covid-19 pandemic: a literature review. InternAm J Med Health. 2022 [cited 2023 12 Apr]; 5; 20220228. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.31005/iajmh.v5i.228

Gerritsen AE, Allen PF, Witter DJ, Bronkhorst EM, Creugers NH. Tooth loss and oral health-related quality of life: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Health Qual Life Outcomes [Internet]. 2010 [cited 2023 Mar 17];8(1):126. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1186/1477-7525-8-126

Oliveira PF, et al. O impacto do isolamento social da COVID-19 na auto percepção da saúde geral e emocional de brasileiros. Res Soc Dev [Internet]. 6 Jan 2022 [cited 2023 Mar 17];11(1):e26711124818. Available from: https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v11i1.24818

Published

2023-12-04

How to Cite

Scendrzyk, E. A. B., Caetano, I. A., Fadel, C. B., & Santos, C. B. (2023). Relação entre a funcionalidade e fatores sociodemográficos com a autoavaliação da saúde bucal de pacientes graves recuperados da COVID-19 12 meses após alta em UTI. OBSERVATÓRIO DE LA ECONOMÍA LATINOAMERICANA, 21(12), 23718–23732. https://doi.org/10.55905/oelv21n12-014

Issue

Section

Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)