Rice hull-based substrates and the influence of the type of transplant and the age of the plant on the strawberry culture

Authors

  • Chaiane Borges Signorini
  • Roberta Marins Nogueira Peil
  • Paulo Roberto Grolli
  • Lais Perin
  • Cristiane Neutzling

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.55905/oelv21n11-259

Keywords:

fragaria x ananassa, soilless system, recirculating system, dry matter production, fruit yield

Abstract

The soilless growing of strawberries using local materials as a substrate is an alternative to reduce costs and reuse waste. The objective of this work was to evaluate the growth and yield of strawberry plants cultivar Aromas, originated from bare root and plug plants, as well as second-year plants in comparison to first-year plants, in substrates formulated with raw rice husk (RRH) and two types of conditioners [carbonized rice husk (CRH) and commercial substrate (S10)]. The experimental factors consisted of four substrates [RRH (100%), RRH + CRH (80 %: 20 %), RRH + S10 (80 %: 20 %), and RRH + CRH + S10 (80 %:10 %:10 %)], two types of transplants (plug plants and bare-root), and the maintenance of second-year plants in comparison to first-year plants. For the first year of growing, regardless of the substrate, plug plants showed greater growth and yield, providing an increase of 62.1 % in the commercial yield of plug plants in relation to the growing of bare-root transplants. As for the growing of bare-root transplants, the addition of CRH and its simultaneous use with commercial substrate S10 as RRH conditioners increased plant growth. However, fruit yield gains were less expressive and clear positive responses for this variable were obtained only with the simultaneous use of CRH and the commercial substrate S10. The results obtained in the second experiment indicate that second-year plants, on mean, showed greater vegetative growth, number and yield of fruits, however, with lower mean weight of fruits than the plants of the first year. First year plants showed superior commercial yield in the RRH + S10 substrate.

References

Andriolo, J.L., Jänisch, D.I., Oliveira, C.S., Cocco, C., Schmitt, O.J, Cardoso, F.L. (2009). Cultivo sem solo do morangueiro com três métodos de fertirrigação. Ciência Rural v. 39, p 691-695.

Becker, T.B., Schiavon, A.V., Delazeri, E.E., Barreto, C.F., Antunes, L.E.C. (2020). Productive behavior of strawberry from potted seedlings produced with application of prohexadione calcium in soilless growing. Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture. v. 32, p. 309-318.

Benincasa, M.M.P. Análise de crescimento de plantas: noções básicas. 2.ed. Jaboticabal: Funep, 2003. 41p.

Cocco, C., Andriolo, J.L., Cardoso, F.L., Erpen, L., Schmitt, O.J. (2011). Crown size and transplant type on the strawberry yield. Sci. Agric. v. 68, p. 489-493.

Cocco, C., Gonçalves, M.A., Picolotto, L., Ferreira, L.V., Antunes, L.A.C. (2015). Crescimento, desenvolvimento e produção de morangueiro a partir de mudas com volumes de torrão. Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura v.37, p. 961-969.

Depardieu, C., Prémont, V., Boily, C., Caron, J. (2017). Sawdust and bark-based substrates for tray plants strawberry production under greenhouse conditions. Acta Horticulture. v. 1156, p. 269-276.

Godoi, R.S., Andriolo, J.L., Franquéz, G.G., Jänisch, D.I., Cardoso, F.L., Vaz, M.A.B. (2009). Produção e qualidade do morangueiro em sistemas fechados de cultivo sem solo com emprego de substratos. Ciência Rural. v. 39, p. 1039-1044.

Guimarães A.G., Andrade Junior V.C., Elsayed A.Y.A.M., Fernandes J.S.C., Ferreira M.A.M. (2015). Potencial produtivo de cultivares de morangueiro, Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura. v. 37, p. 106-114.

Machado, A.A., Conceição, A.R. (2003). Sistema de análise estatística para windows. Winstat. Versão 2.0. Pelotas: UFPel.

Reisser Jr, C., Antunes, L.E.C., Aldrighi, M., Vignolo, G. (2014). Panorama do cultivo de morango no Brasil. Campo & Negócio. p. 58-59.

Rosa, A., Oliveira, P., Sousa, B., Rodrigues, A., Caço, J., Mogo, P., Reis, M. (2008). Cultivo de morango sem solo: efeito da densidade de plantação e do tipo de propágulo. III Colóquio nacional da produção de pequenos frutos, 2008. Sever do Vouga, Portugal. Actas de Horticultura, 18. ISBN 978-972-8936-10-5.

Witter, S., Radin, B., Lisboa, B.B., Teixeira, J.S.G., Blochtein, B., Imperatriz-Fonseca, V.C. (2012). Desempenho de cultivares de morango submetidas a diferentes tipos de polinização em cultivo protegido. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira. v. 47, p. 58-65.

Downloads

Published

2023-11-30

How to Cite

Signorini, C. B., Peil, R. M. N., Grolli, P. R., Perin, L., & Neutzling, C. (2023). Rice hull-based substrates and the influence of the type of transplant and the age of the plant on the strawberry culture. OBSERVATÓRIO DE LA ECONOMÍA LATINOAMERICANA, 21(11), 23370–23391. https://doi.org/10.55905/oelv21n11-259

Issue

Section

Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)