Economic feasibility of use soil cover in organic lettuce crops in the semiarid region of the state of Alagoas, Brazil

Authors

  • José Anderson Soares Barros
  • Marcelo Cavalcante
  • José Wandson Lourenço Souza
  • Marcio Aurelio Lins Santos
  • João Gomes da Costa

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.55905/oelv21n11-104

Keywords:

discounted payback, minimum attractiveness rate, net present value, profitability index

Abstract

Lettuce is a species widely cultivated in the world and, in the production process, soil covers have been used to reduce water loss and production costs. The geotextile blanket, solid waste generated in water treatment plants, has potential as an alternative mulching. To maintain competitiveness, knowing the economic parameters through financial indicators will allow defining the feasibility of the rural enterprise. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the economic feasibility of use soil covers in four production periods on organic lettuce crops in the semiarid region of the state of Alagoas - Brazil. Four experiments were carried out in a completely randomized design, with four treatments (geotextile blanket, white white polypropylene mulching, black polypropylene mulching, and uncovered soil - control) and five replicates. Costs related to labor (weeding control), materials, inputs, energy and depreciation were estimated, in which the operation with harvest and post-harvest (33.7%) and the acquisition of the irrigation system, in the 1st production period were the most expressive (44.9%). Manual weeding increased costs in the control treatment by 38.6%. The economic indicators gross and net revenue, profitability index (PI), minimum attractiveness rate (MAR), discounted payback (DP) and net present value (NPV) were estimated, in which the lowest and highest gross (US$ 32,072.3 and 37,903.61 ha-1) and net (US$ 24,652.0 and 33,504.1 ha-1) revenues were observed in the 1st and 3rd production periods in black and white mulches, respectively. PI, MAR, DP and NPV indicated economic feasibility already in the 2nd production period.

References

AZIZ, A.; ASHRAF, M.; ASIF, M. Impact of mulching materials on weeds dynamics, soil biological properties and lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) productivity. International Journal of Botany Studies, v. 4, n. 4, p. 128-134, 2019.

BARBOZA, I. O.; I. O.; PINTO, L. C. T.; PESSOA, S. R. N. Estudo sobre a agricul-tura familiar em Alagoas. 1ª Ed. Maceió: SEPLAG. 2016. 56p.

BARROS, J. A. S.; CAVALCANTE, M.; COSTA, J. G.; SANTOS, M. S. L. Technical feasibility of using a geotextile waste material as an alternative to agrofilm for mulching in lettuce. Biological Agriculture & Horticulture, p. 1-11, 2023. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01448765.2023.2194284.

CAVALCANTI, F. J. A. Recomendação de adubação para o Estado de Pernambu-co: 2ª aproximação. Recife: Instituto Agronômico de Pernambuco, 2008. 212p.

CLIMATE-DATA. Clima Alagoas. 2023. Available at: https://pt.climate-data.org/america-do-sul/brasil/alagoas-214. Access in: 10 jun. 2023.

CONAB - Companhia Nacional de Abastecimento. 2010. Custos de produção agríco-la: a metodologia da CONAB. Brasília: CONAB. 60p.

FAO - Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Production quantities of Lettuce and chicory by country. 2023. Available at: https://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QCL. Access in: 01 jun. 2023.

FARIA JÚNIOR, M. J. A.; HORA, R. C. Cultivo Protegido. In: BRANDÃO FILHO, J.U.T.; FREITAS, P. S. L.; BERIAN, L. O. S.; GOTO, R. Hortaliças-fruto. Maringá: EDUEM, 2018, p. 451-487.

FREITAS, A. R. J.; FREITAS, F. C. L.; SOUZA, C. M.; DELAZARI, F. T.; BERGER, P. G.; BORGES, F. J. G.; ZANUNCIO, J. C. Biodegradable mulch controls weeds and increases water use efficiency in lettuce crops. Horticultura Brasileira, v. 39, n. 3, p. 330-334, 2021. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/s0102-0536-20210314.

FROEHLICH, A. G.; MELO, A. S. S. A.; SAMPAIO, B. Comparing the profitability of organic and conventional production in family farming: empirical evidence from Brazil. Ecological Economics, v. 150, p. 307-314, 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2018.04.022.

GARCÍA-ZERTUCHE, M. F.; SANDOVAL-RANGEL, A.; ROBLEDO-TORRES, V.; BENAVIDES-MENDOZA, A.; ROBLEDO-OLIVO, A.; FLUENTE, M. C. Profitability and agronomic yield of aquaponic lettuce. Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Agrícolas, v. 1, n. 26, p. 119-130, 2021. DOI: https://doi.org/10.29312/remexca.v0i26.2942.

GHESHM, R.; BROWN, R. N. The effects of black and white plastic mulch on soil temperature and yield of crisphead lettuce in Southern New England. HortTechnology, v. 30, p. 781-788, 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTTECH04674-20.

GONÇALVES, A. O.; FAGNANI, M. A.; PERES, J. G. Efeitos da cobertura do solo com filme de polietileno azul no consumo de água da cultura da alface cultivada em estufa. Engenharia Agrícola, v. 25, n. 3, p. 622-631, 2005. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-69162005000300007.

GUIMARÃES, M. G. A.; VIDAL, D. M.; URASHIMA, D. C.; CASTRO, C. A. C. Degradation of polypropylene woven geotextile: tensile creep and weathering. Geosyn-thetics International, v. 24, n. 2, p. 213-223, 2017. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1680/jgein.16.00029.

HASSEN, T. B.; BILALI, H. E. Impacts of the Russia-Ukraine War on Global Food Security: Towards More Sustainable and Resilient Food Systems? Foods, v. 11, n. 15, e2301, 2022. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/foods11152301.

IBGE - Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística. Censo Agropecuário: atualiza-ção em 06/08/2020. 2020. Available at: https://censos.ibge.gov.br/agro/2017/. Access in: 01 jun. 2023.

INMET: Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia. Dados históricos anuais. 2023. Available at: https://portal.inmet.gov.br/dadoshistoricos. Access on: 10 jun. 2023.

LEITE, D.; MIGLIAVACCA, R. A.; MOREIRA, L. A.; ALBRECHT, A. J. P.; FAUSTO, D. A. Viabilidade econômica da implantação do sistema hidropônico para alface com recursos do PRONAF em Matão-SP. Revista iPecege, v. 2, n. 1, p. 57-65, 2016. DOI: https://doi.org/10.22167/r.ipecege.2016.1.57.

LIU, E. K.; HE, W. Q.;YAN, C. R. “White revolution” to “white pollution”- agricultur-al plastic film mulch in China. Environmental Research Letters. v.9, n.9, p. 3. 2014. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/9/9/091001.

MAGALHÃES, F. F.; CUNHA, F. F.; GODOY, A. R.; SOUZA, E. J.; SILVA, T. R. Produção de cultivares de alface tipo crespa sob diferentes lâminas de irrigação. Water Resources and Irrigation Management, v. 4, n. 1, p. 41-50, 2015. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.19149/2316-6886/wrim.v4n1-3p41-50.

MORARES, M. D.; OLIVEIRA, N. A. M. Produção orgânica e agricultura familiar: obstáculos e oportunidades. Revista Desenvolvimento Socioeconômico em Debate, v. 3, n. 1, p. 19-37, 2017. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18616/rdsd.v3i1.3372.

MORAES, R. C.; SILVA, J. C. C. Análise da viabilidade econômico-financeira de um terminal de contêineres para o porto de São Sebastião. Revista Refas, v. 6, n. 4, p. 1-14, 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.26853/Refas_ISSN-2359-182X_v06n04_04.

OLIVEIRA, S. S.; CAVALCANTE, M.; BARROS, J. A. S. Technical feasibility of geotextile blanket in bell pepper production under different irrigation levels. Gaia Scientia, v. 15, n. 2, p. 153-166, 2021. DOI: https://doi.org/10.22478/ufpb.1981-1268.2021v15n2.57597.

SANTOS, M. R.; BRITO, C. F. B. Irrigação com água salina, opção agrícola consciente. Revista Agrotecnologia, v. 7, n. 1, p. 33-41, 2016. DOI: https://doi.org/10.12971/5175.

SOUZA, E. G. F.; SANTANA, F. M. S.; MARTINS, B. N. M.; LEAL, Y. H.; BARROS, JÚNIOR, A. P.; SILVEIRA, L. M. Economic evaluation of lettuce fertilized with biomass of Calotropis procera in two growing seasons. Revista Caatinga, v. 32, n. 1, p. 27-40, 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/1983-21252019v32n104rc.

TEODORO, M. S., PEREIRA, A. M. L. Use of fish waste in the production of organic compounds for lettuce seedling production. Engenharia Sanitária e Ambiental, v. 26, n. 3, p. 441-449, 2021. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/S1413-415220180172.

VENDRUSCOLO, E. P.; ALCÂNTARA R. A. H.; CORREIA, S. R.; OLIVEIRA, P. R.; CAMPOS, L. F. C.; SELEGUINE, A. Economic analysis of crisp lettuce production in different planting spacing and soil cover. Advances in Horticultural Science, v. 33, n 4, p. 449-455, 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.13128/ahsc-8098.

YOONG, F. Y.; O’BRIEN, L. K.; TRUCO, M. J.; HUO, H.; SIDEMAN, R.; HAYES, R.; MICHEMORE, R. W.; BRADFORD, K. J. B. Genetic variation for thermotoler-ance in lettuce seed germination is associated with temperature-sensitive regulation of ETHYLENE RESPONSE FACTOR1 (ERF1). Plant Physiology, v. 170, n. 5, p. 472-488, 2016. DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1104/pp.15.01251.

Downloads

Published

2023-11-17

How to Cite

Barros, J. A. S., Cavalcante, M., Souza, J. W. L., Santos, M. A. L., & da Costa, J. G. (2023). Economic feasibility of use soil cover in organic lettuce crops in the semiarid region of the state of Alagoas, Brazil. OBSERVATÓRIO DE LA ECONOMÍA LATINOAMERICANA, 21(11), 20493–20511. https://doi.org/10.55905/oelv21n11-104

Issue

Section

Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)