The sustainable potential of hydrokinetic turbines in the Amazon basin
Keywords:axial turbine, hydrokinetic energy, renewable energy
The Amazon, rich in biodiversity and natural resources, seeks renewable energy sources to minimize environmental impacts and reduce dependence on non-renewable sources. Hydrokinetic turbines emerge as a promising alternative by making it possible to convert the kinetic energy of river currents into electricity, without the need for dams. This study focuses on exploring the sustainable potential of hydrokinetic turbines in the Amazon region. For this, a prototype hydroelectric power plant that uses a hydrokinetic turbine was developed, and the feasibility of this technology as a renewable energy source was examined. The research included 3D modeling and propeller printing for the prototype, using materials such as carbon steel and 3D printing. The electrical components were dimensioned according to current technical standards, including cables, circuit breakers, batteries and converters. The methodology included tests on the real environment of a river in the Amazon region, evaluating the power generation capacity and the adaptability of the system to local conditions. The results demonstrated that the prototype is capable of producing electrical energy efficiently, taking advantage of the strength of river currents. The flexibility of the blades allowed adjustments according to the geometry of the watercourse, increasing the versatility of the system. In addition, the modular approach of turbines has shown promise for scalability and installation in different scenarios. This study contributes to the understanding of the potential of hydrokinetic turbines in the Amazon region, offering a renewable solution for electricity generation. The combination of technologies such as 3D printing, structural and electrical modeling has resulted in a prototype adaptable to local conditions, with the potential to provide clean energy to riverine communities, reducing dependence on non-renewable sources and promoting the sustainable development of the region.
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